Researchers highlight shoulder and elbow injury possibility in youth players

March 28, 2015

Las Vegas, NV - Pitching speed, player's height, and pitching for multiple teams may correlate with a history of shoulder and elbow injuries, according to new research released today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's (AOSSM) Specialty Day.

"Our findings indicate that a 10 inch increase in height is associated with a 20% increase in likelihood of a history of injury, a 10 mile per hour increase in velocity is associated with a 12% increase likelihood of a history of injury, and playing for more than one team is associated with a 22% increase in the likelihood of a history of injury. Using these three factors alone allowed accurate prediction of 77% of injury histories," said lead author, Peter N. Chalmers, MD from Rush University Medical Center in Chicago, where the study took place.

Chalmers, and his co-authors Terrance Sgroi DPT, Andrew Riff MD, Matthew Lesniak DPT, Eli Sayegh BS, Nikhil Verma MD, Brian Cole MD MBA, and Anthony Romeo MD, evaluated 420 youth and adolescent pitchers in pre-season training using two-camera, high-definition, high-speed video analysis. The players' pitching and injury history were also collected. Thirty-one percent had a history of a previous injury and 30% had current pitching-related pain. Shoulder and elbow pain and injury are common in youth baseball players and significant research has been done to evaluate causes. This study is one of the few to evaluate breaking pitches as a risk factor for injury, although breaking pitchers did not correlate with injury history once the authors had accounted for pitch velocity.

"Pitch velocity was the single strongest correlate with a history of shoulder and elbow injury.," said Chalmers. "The current USA Baseball, Little League America, and Major League Baseball recommendations lead to youth and adolescent pitchers throwing a lower number of pitches at a high velocity, but this strategy may not decrease the "peak" stresses experienced by the elbow and thus may not decrease the risk of injury. Further study is needed."
-end-
The American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine (AOSSM) is a world leader in sports medicine education, research, communication and fellowship, and includes national and international orthopaedic sports medicine leaders. The Society works closely with many other sports medicine specialists, including athletic trainers, physical therapists, family physicians, and others to improve the identification, prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation of sports injuries. AOSSM is also a founding partner of the STOP Sports Injuries campaign to prevent overuse and traumatic injuries in kids. For more information on AOSSM or the STOP Sports Injuries campaign, visit http://www.sportsmed.org or http://www.stopsportsinjuries.org

American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine

Related Injury Articles from Brightsurf:

Simple measurement could transform injury rehabilitation
Researchers from Edith Cowan University in Western Australia have found a simple way to analyse the effectiveness of exercise training that could one day be conducted easily at a local gym or physio.

Senescent cells may be good when it comes to a bad injury
It's called senescence, when stressed cells can no longer divide to make new cells, and it's considered a factor in aging and in some diseases.

Some flowers have learned to bounce back after injury
Some flowers have a remarkable and previously unknown ability to bounce back after injury, according to a new study.

New type of e-cigarette vaping injury described in CMAJ
A research case report describing lung injury related to e-cigarette use in a 17-year-old Canadian may be the first documented case of a new form of damage from vaping products.

Microbleeds may worsen outcome after head injury
Using advanced imaging, researchers have uncovered new information regarding traumatic microbleeds, which appear as small, dark lesions on MRI scans after head injury but are typically too small to be detected on CT scans.

Which car crashes cause traumatic brain injury?
Motor vehicle crashes are one of the most common causes of TBI-related emergency room visits, hospitalizations and deaths.

From spinal cord injury to recovery
Spinal cord injury disconnects communication between the brain and the spinal cord, disrupting control over part of the body.

Can a nerve injury trigger ALS?
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago are the first to demonstrate that a peripheral nerve injury can trigger the onset and spread of the disease in an animal model of ALS.

A new approach to peripheral nerve injury?
The lab of neuroscientist Michael Costigan, Ph.D., at Boston Children's Hospital is studying how the body's immune system breaks down damaged peripheral nerves.

Timing could mean everything after spinal cord injury
Moderate damage to the thoracic spinal cord causes widespread disruption to the timing of the body's daily activities, according to a study of male and female rats published in eNeuro.

Read More: Injury News and Injury Current Events
Brightsurf.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.