Social support may not be key influence for patients to participate in cardiac rehab

March 30, 2003

— Contrary to widespread belief, social support may not be a key influence in whether patients participate in rehabilitation programs following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The study, done by Emory University School of Medicine and Yale University School of Medicine researchers, will be presented at the American College of Cardiology's 52nd Annual Scientific Sessions in Chicago.

Although cardiac rehabilitation promotes recovery and enhances quality of life after CABG, there are still low rates of participation from patients. Previous research has demonstrated the benefits of spousal support for CABG patients to participate in rehab, but broader social support has not been examined.

Researchers examined 945 patients for six months post surgery, following their first isolated CABG between May 1999 and February 2001. The ENRICHED Social Support Inventory (ESSI) was used to assess social support before the patients' CABG and six weeks after the CABG. An ESSI less than 22 indicated low social support.

There was little difference in rehab participation according to levels of social support. Fifty-two percent of patients with a low ESSI score before surgery participated in rehab compared to 59% of patients with a higher score. The difference was even less substantial after adjusting for demographic factors, medical history, cardiovascular risk factors, hospital complications and physical and psychological function. Similarly, low social support measured six weeks after CABG didn't significantly affect rehab participation.

The patients who reported participation in rehabilitation programs were younger, better educated, more often worked and were less financially strained. Rehab participants also had lower prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors and better physical function.

Based on their findings, the researchers concluded that social support may not be a strong determinant of patient participation in rehab after coronary artery bypass grafting.
-end-


Emory University Health Sciences Center

Related Cardiovascular Risk Factors Articles from Brightsurf:

Insomnia identified as a new risk factor for type 2 diabetes in new study which also confirms many other risk and protective factors
A new 'global atlas' study published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes [EASD]) is the first to identify insomnia as a risk factor associated with increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D).

Cardiovascular risk factors tied to COVID-19 complications and death
COVID-19 patients with cardiovascular comorbidities or risk factors are more likely to develop cardiovascular complications while hospitalized, and more likely to die from COVID-19 infection, according to a new study published August 14, 2020 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Jolanda Sabatino of Universita degli Studi Magna Graecia di Catanzaro, Italy, and colleagues.

Plant-based meats improve some cardiovascular risk factors compared with red meat
Swapping out red meat for certain plant-based meat alternatives can improve some cardiovascular risk factors, according to a new study by researchers at Stanford Medicine.

Lung-specific risk factors may increase hip fracture risk in individuals who smoke
Smoking has been linked to a higher risk of bone fractures.

Social, financial factors critical to assessing cardiovascular risk
Certain markers of a person's financial and social status, known as social determinants of health, offer valuable information about a person's potential risk of heart disease but are often overlooked, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology's Annual Scientific Session Together with World Congress of Cardiology (ACC.20/WCC).

Age at menopause not linked to conventional cardiovascular disease risk factors
The age at which a woman's periods stop, and the menopause starts, doesn't seem to be linked to the development of the risk factors typically associated with cardiovascular disease, suggests research published online in the journal Heart.

Changes in cardiovascular risk factors among college football players
Researchers recruited 126 college football players from two programs in Georgia and South Carolina to examine over three years how cardiovascular risk factors emerged and changed, including weight, blood pressure and heart structure and function.

PET/CT detects cardiovascular disease risk factors in obstructive sleep apnea patients
Research presented at the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging's 2019 Annual Meeting draws a strong link between severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and impaired coronary flow reserve, which is an early sign of the heart disease atherosclerosis.

Even the fittest middle-aged athletes can't outrun cardiovascular risk factors
Middle-aged adults are exercising more and living longer, but new research from the University of British Columbia suggests that even the fittest among them are not immune to cardiovascular disease -- and they often don't have any symptoms.

Systematic review examines walnut consumption on cardiovascular risk factors
An updated systematic review from Harvard University examines 25 years of evidence for the role of walnut consumption on cardiovascular risk factors, including cholesterol, triglycerides, blood pressure, and weight.

Read More: Cardiovascular Risk Factors News and Cardiovascular Risk Factors Current Events
Brightsurf.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.