Nav: Home

How to control chlamydia

April 01, 2016

They are young and mostly female: with more than 3.2 million reported cases between 2005 and 2014, chlamydia remains the most commonly reported sexually transmitted infection (STI) across Europe. As chlamydia infection often shows no symptoms, these numbers underestimate the true picture. The updated ECDC guidance Chlamydia control in Europe makes the case for national chlamydia control strategies in the European Union Member States and shows ways to develop, implement or improve national or local control activities.

Rates of chlamydia infection have increased 5% between 2010 and 2014 across the countries of the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA). Young people are particularly affected by this STI with two thirds (63%) of the 396 000 reported cases in 2014 diagnosed among 15 to 24-year-olds.

Across Europe, chlamydia is the only STI which is reported more frequently in women than men. This might be influenced by the fact that women are generally tested more often than men because of the greater risk of complications, which include pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility.

"Chlamydia is straightforward to diagnose and can be effectively treated with antibiotics - but it may also irreversibly damage a woman's reproductive organs. There is no available vaccine and after treatment you can get re-infected if you do not take precautions", stresses ECDC Acting Director Andrea Ammon. The disease can be controlled through prevention and effective treatment of those infected and their partners.

"We looked at the advances in knowledge since the publication of our last guidance in 2009 and propose that every country further develops their national strategies or plans for the control of STI, including chlamydia", explains Ammon.

"Good primary prevention, like health and sex education or condom promotion and distribution, is at the core of STI control. Widespread opportunistic testing or a screening programme should be considered once effective primary prevention activities and case management strategies are in place. And only if sufficient resources are available including for monitoring and evaluation of the programme."

Since the publication of the ECDC guidance in 2009, which offered a stepwise approach to implementation of prevention activities, chlamydia control has improved across the EU/EEA: in 2012, 6 out of 28 Member States reported no organised prevention and control activities (2007: 11/27). Most countries had a surveillance system in place. The overall increase of chlamydia cases across Europe reflects this implementation of national control programmes.

However, consistently high chlamydia infection rates (over 180 per 100 000 population in the last five years) also suggest that the impact of current chlamydia control activities on overall disease burden has been very limited.

The true incidence of chlamydia infection is likely to be substantially higher, due to the asymptomatic nature of the infection. Considerable differences in testing methods, coverage and surveillance systems across Europe also mean that many infections are not being diagnosed or reported.

The latest available data on all five STI under EU surveillance (chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis, congenital syphilis and lymphogranuloma venereum) are now available in the interactive ECDC Surveillance Atlas of Infectious Diseases.
-end-


European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)

Related Chlamydia Articles:

STD treatment for 2?
In some states, patients who test positive for chlamydia or gonorrhea leave the clinic with not only a prescription for themselves, but also one for their sexual partner -- who was not seen by a doctor.
New chlamydia drug targets discovered using CRISPR and stem cells
Scientists at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute and their collaborators at the University of British Columbia have created an innovative technique for studying how chlamydia interacts with the human immune system.
Chlamydia: How bacteria take over control
To survive in human cells, chlamydiae have a lot of tricks in store.
Cars and chlamydia killing Queensland koalas
Being hit by cars and chlamydia were the top causes of a dramatic rise in south-east Queensland koala deaths over the past two decades, according to a new University of Queensland-led study.
Russian scientists discover how certain proteins may help fight chlamydia
Scientists from MIPT in collaboration with researchers from other institutions have made an interesting discovery, which may help fight chlamydia infection -- one of the most widespread STDs in the world.  In their research they studied interaction of peptidoglycan recognition proteins with bacteria of chlamydias.
Researchers produce first widely protective vaccine against chlamydia
The first steps towards developing a vaccine against an insidious sexual transmitted infection have been accomplished by researchers at McMaster University.
How to control chlamydia
They are young and mostly female: with more than 3.2 million cases between 2005 and 2014, chlamydia remains the most commonly reported sexually transmitted infection across Europe.
New test detects chlamydia in 30 minutes
University of Bath spin-out biotechnology company Atlas Genetics has won approval from the EU to sell a device that detects the sexually transmitted disease chlamydia.
New Pap smear schedule led to fewer chlamydia tests, new U-M study suggests
It's a tale of two tests: one for early signs of cervical cancer, the other for the sexually transmitted disease chlamydia.
Safeguarding against chlamydia
Researchers have created a vaccine that generates two waves of protective immune cells needed to eliminate chlamydial infection.

Related Chlamydia Reading:

Best Science Podcasts 2019

We have hand picked the best science podcasts for 2019. Sit back and enjoy new science podcasts updated daily from your favorite science news services and scientists.
Now Playing: TED Radio Hour

Don't Fear Math
Why do many of us hate, even fear math? Why are we convinced we're bad at it? This hour, TED speakers explore the myths we tell ourselves and how changing our approach can unlock the beauty of math. Guests include budgeting specialist Phylecia Jones, mathematician and educator Dan Finkel, math teacher Eddie Woo, educator Masha Gershman, and radio personality and eternal math nerd Adam Spencer.
Now Playing: Science for the People

#518 With Genetic Knowledge Comes the Need for Counselling
This week we delve into genetic testing - for yourself and your future children. We speak with Jane Tiller, lawyer and genetic counsellor, about genetic tests that are available to the public, and what to do with the results of these tests. And we talk with Noam Shomron, associate professor at the Sackler School of Medicine at Tel Aviv University, about technological advancements his lab has made in the genetic testing of fetuses.