Nav: Home

Research aims to enhance understanding of poverty alleviation in refugee communities

April 14, 2016

The extent to which entrepreneurship is a catalyst for empowerment and poverty alleviation among women refugees in Arab countries is to be explored in a new study.

Academics from Plymouth University and the University of Nottingham will work alongside researchers in Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey to analyse entrepreneurship as a sustainable means of poverty alleviation.

This study will also assess the impact of institutional support from governmental and other aid agencies on displaced Iraqi, Syrian and Palestinian refugee communities, to develop recommendations which enhance the effectiveness of aid programmes across the Middle East and parts of Africa.

The three-year research project, funded by the Economic & Social Research Council in collaboration with the Department for International Development, will be led by Dr Haya Al-Dajani, Associate Professor in Entrepreneurship in Plymouth University's Futures Entrepreneurship Centre, alongside Professor Susan Marlow, Professor of Entrepreneurship in the Haydn Green Institute, Nottingham University Business School.

Dr Al-Dajani, who has previously conducted studies into enterprise and empowerment among women refugees in Jordan, said: "Many women refugees produce traditional crafts from within their homes as a means of heritage expression and social identity, as this is all they have left of their homeland. It gives them a sense of pride to be supporting their families and meeting the expectations of their clients. Through their micro enterprises, they get the opportunity to engage with others beyond their family members, which also enhances their general wellbeing. Enterprise is known to be integral to poverty alleviation, but there needs to be a re-assessment of the extent to which government and aid agencies are effectively helping short and long term refugees."

For the research, academics will work with several distinct refugee communities residing in Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey - Palestinians who left their homeland following the Six-Day War of 1967, Iraqis who either fled during the first Gulf War in 1990 or in 2003 following the fall of Saddam Hussein, and Syrians displaced by the ongoing civil war in their nation.

The researchers will collaborate with the Issam Fares Institute at the American University of Beirut (Lebanon), UDA Consulting (Turkey) and the King Hussein Foundation Information and Research Centre (Jordan), on data collection from both the aid agencies and the refugee women.

The ultimate aim is to develop guidance and policies that will be shared with governments and agencies in the Middle East, as well as other nations which have refugee populations such as Somalia and Sudan.

Dr Al-Dajani added: "There are growing numbers of refugees all over the world, and while they may find home in a new country many are unable under current laws to acquire full citizenship. As a result, while new refugees are afforded support and assistance, there are those who have been displaced for decades who still live in poverty because that support is no longer available yet they cannot access the full opportunities and employment afforded to nationals or citizens living around them. This research will give us a deeper understanding of the challenges they all face, and how we might enable refugees now and in the future to improve their prospects."

The research project - Poverty Alleviation and Women Refugees in the Middle East: Empowerment through Grassroots Micro-Entrepreneurship - was awarded £337,451.82 by the Economic & Social Research Council under its call, ESRC-DFID Poverty Alleviation 2014-15.

University of Plymouth

Related Poverty Articles:

New index maps relationships between poverty and accessibility in Brazil
Poor transportation availability can result in poor access to health care and employment, hence reinforcing the cycle of poverty and concerning health outcomes such as low life expectancy and high child mortality in rural Brazil.
Repeated periods of poverty accelerate the ageing process
People who have found themselves below the relative poverty threshold four or more times in their adult life age significantly earlier than others.
Poverty as disease trap
The realities of subsistence living in a region of Senegal hard hit by schistosomiasis make reinfection likely, despite mass drug administration.
Persistent poverty affects one in five UK children
Persistent poverty affects one in five children in the UK, and is associated with poor physical and mental health in early adolescence, suggests research published online in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.
Poverty leaves a mark on our genes
In this study, researchers found evidence that poverty can become embedded across wide swaths of the genome.
Satellite images reveal global poverty
How far have we come in achieving the UN's sustainable development goals that we are committed to nationally and internationally?
Lack of paid sick leave increases poverty
A new study has quantified, for the first time, the relationship between lack of paid sick leave and poverty in the US.
New mapping technique can help fight extreme poverty
A new mapping technique, described in the Nov. 14 issue of the Proceedings of the National Academies of Sciences, shows how researchers are developing computational tools that combine cellphone records with data from satellites and geographic information systems to create timely and incredibly detailed poverty maps.
Global trade entrenches poverty traps
A theorem published this week suggests that greater engagement in the international exchange can actually reinforce productivity-impeding practices that keep countries in poverty.
'You still end up with nothing': Reality of living in work poverty revealed
As the number of working families who live in poverty continues to rise in the UK, a new 'On the front line' article reveals the severe challenges that low pay, limited working hours and constrained employment opportunities bring.
More Poverty News and Poverty Current Events

Top Science Podcasts

We have hand picked the top science podcasts of 2019.
Now Playing: TED Radio Hour

Accessing Better Health
Essential health care is a right, not a privilege ... or is it? This hour, TED speakers explore how we can give everyone access to a healthier way of life, despite who you are or where you live. Guests include physician Raj Panjabi, former NYC health commissioner Mary Bassett, researcher Michael Hendryx, and neuroscientist Rachel Wurzman.
Now Playing: Science for the People

#544 Prosperity Without Growth
The societies we live in are organised around growth, objects, and driving forward a constantly expanding economy as benchmarks of success and prosperity. But this growing consumption at all costs is at odds with our understanding of what our planet can support. How do we lower the environmental impact of economic activity? How do we redefine success and prosperity separate from GDP, which politicians and governments have focused on for decades? We speak with ecological economist Tim Jackson, Professor of Sustainable Development at the University of Surrey, Director of the Centre for the Understanding of Sustainable Propserity, and author of...
Now Playing: Radiolab

An Announcement from Radiolab