Self-regulation in children, adolescents

April 16, 2018

Bottom Line: A wide-range of programs to help children and adolescents with self-regulation appear to be effective.

Why The Research Is Interesting: Self-regulation includes the ability to control emotions, avoid inappropriate or aggressive actions, and engage in self-directed learning. Self-regulation is important for maintaining health and well-being throughout life.

Who and When: 49 randomized trials evaluating self-regulation interventions, which included 23,098 children and adolescents from age 2 to 17 identified in a review of all studies published through July 2016; interventions were curriculum-based, mindfulness and yoga, family-based, exercise-based, and social and personal skills programs

What (Study Measures): Self-regulation outcomes in children and adolescents

How (Study Design): This was a systematic review and meta-analysis. A meta-analysis combines the results of multiple studies identified in a systematic review and quantitatively summarizes the overall association between the same exposure and outcomes across all studies.

Authors: Anuja Pandey, M.D., of University College London Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, United Kingdom, and coauthors

Study Limitations: Self-regulation outcomes were not uniform and not uniformly reported.

Related Material: The editorial, "Regulating Our Enthusiasm for Self-Regulation Interventions," by Laurence Steinberg, Ph.D., of Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, also is available on the For The Media website.

For more details and to read the full study, please visit the For The Media website.

(doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0232)

Editor's Note: This article contains funding/support disclosures. Please see the article for additional information, including other authors, author contributions and affiliations, financial disclosures, funding and support, etc.

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JAMA Pediatrics

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