CSIRO astronomers to join 'private data highway' across US

April 22, 2008

CSIRO's Australia Telescope National Facility has been awarded a "private data highway" - a 10 gigabit per second link - across the US by a major internet consortium and a US communications company.

The link will allow the ATNF and collaborating institutions to show that large data sets can be moved, in real time, to and from Australia and around the globe.

"This will be important for demonstrating techniques that will be used for the international Square Kilometre Array radio telescope," said Professor Brian Boyle, Director of CSIRO's Australia Telescope National Facility.

The award is the first IDEA (Internet2 Driving Exemplary Applications) Wave of the Future Award from the Internet2 consortium, which represents more than 300 US universities, companies and government research institutions. The award is sponsored by Level 3 Communications, an international communications company headquartered in Colorado. It was presented at the Internet2 Spring Members' Meeting held in Arlington, Virginia.

In the first instance, CSIRO's astronomers will use the link to work with colleagues at the Haystack Observatory run by MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology). Astronomers at both institutions are pioneering the use of data networks to link widely separated radio telescopes in real time.

"By providing this circuit for this innovative application, we hope to support greater global collaboration and investments in radio astronomy research, and encourage innovative thinking about how new optical networking technology enables science and engineering," said Jack Suess, CIO of the University of Maryland, Baltimore County, and vice-chair of the Internet2 Applications, Middleware and Services Advisory Council.

The technique the astronomers are working on is called e-VLBI (electronic very long baseline interferometry). In this, telescopes hundreds or thousands of kilometres apart observe the same region of sky simultaneously. Data from each telescope are sampled and sent to a super-computer via high-speed networks. The super-computer decodes and correlates the data and generates very high-resolution images of the cosmic objects being observed.

"Currently, in a 12-hour VLBI experiment, each telescope used generates about 5500 gigabytes of data, which is the equivalent of 8500 CDs," explains Dr Tasso Tzioumis, Coordinator of VLBI Operations and Development at the Australia Telescope National Facility.

"And in the next few years we expect to have even faster data rates."

A typical VLBI experiment in Australia involves five or six telescopes, while an international experiment could use up to 20.

E-VLBI has eliminated the weeks or even months it used to take to record and ship this data around on disks.

It also allows astronomers to get instant feedback during observations, which will open up the study of quickly evolving, transient phenomena in the Universe.

"We've made enormous progress since our first e-VLBI tests in 2006, but we're not yet able to just set up these experiments and press the 'go' button," said Dr Shaun Amy, Data Transmission Specialist for CSIRO's Australia Telescope National Facility, who accepted the Internet2 award for CSIRO.

"This dedicated circuit will let us work out how to make these systems operate routinely. And what we discover about overcoming roadblocks to high data throughput will help researchers in other fields of science."

The Internet2-sponsored link across the USA will be made available for a year. The data link from Sydney to Los Angeles will be provided by the Australian Academic and Research Network, AARNet.

CSIRO Australia

Related Astronomers Articles from Brightsurf:

Astronomers are bulging with data
For the first time, over 250 million stars in our galaxy's bulge have been surveyed in near-ultraviolet, optical, and near-infrared light, opening the door for astronomers to reexamine key questions about the Milky Way's formation and history.

Astronomers capture a pulsar 'powering up'
A Monash-University-led collaboration has, for the first time, observed the full, 12-day process of material spiralling into a distant neutron star, triggering an X-ray outburst thousands of times brighter than our Sun.

Astronomers discover new class of cosmic explosions
Analysis of two cosmic explosions indicates to astronomers that the pair, along with a puzzling blast from 2018, constitute a new type of event, with similarities to some supernovae and gamma-ray bursts, but also with significant differences.

Astronomers discover planet that never was
What was thought to be an exoplanet in a nearby star system likely never existed in the first place, according to University of Arizona astronomers.

Canadian astronomers determine Earth's fingerprint
Two McGill University astronomers have assembled a 'fingerprint' for Earth, which could be used to identify a planet beyond our Solar System capable of supporting life.

Astronomers help wage war on cancer
Techniques developed by astronomers could help in the fight against breast and skin cancer.

Astronomers make history in a split second
In a world first, an Australian-led international team of astronomers has determined the precise location of a powerful one-off burst of cosmic radio waves.

Astronomers witness galaxy megamerger
Using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), an international team of scientists has uncovered a startlingly dense concentration of 14 galaxies that are poised to merge, forming the core of what will eventually become a colossal galaxy cluster.

Astronomers discover a star that would not die
An international team of astronomers has made a bizarre discovery; a star that refuses to stop shining.

Astronomers spun up by galaxy-shape finding
For the first time astronomers have measured how a galaxy's spin affects its shape -- something scientists have tried to do for 90 years -- using a sample of 845 galaxies.

Read More: Astronomers News and Astronomers Current Events
Brightsurf.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.