Two NYU faculty named to the National Academy of Sciences

April 25, 2006

The National Academy of Sciences has elected two members of New York University's faculty to its ranks: Leslie Greengard, a professor of mathematics and computer science in NYU's Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, and Richard Novick, a microbiologist at the NYU School of Medicine's Skirball Institute for Biomolecular Medicine. There are now 27 NYU faculty who are members of NAS.

Greengard, elected to the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) this winter, is a pioneer in the development of algorithms and software for fast multiple methods. The recipient of NYU's 2004 Margaret and Herman Sokol Faculty Award in the Sciences, Greengard also heads NYU's new Computation in Science and Society initiative. The initiative is concerned not only with the physical and biological sciences, but also the extension of the role of computation and statistical analysis into such less traditional fields as education, the social sciences, and the arts. Greengard earned both his M.D. and Ph.D. from Yale University in 1987 and has taught at NYU throughout his entire academic career. From 2001-2004 he was the chief executive officer and chief technology officer for MadMax Optics, Inc., in Hamden, CT. The awards he has received for his work include The Leroy P. Steel Prize from the American Mathematical Society, a National Science Foundation Presidential Young Investigator Award, and a Packard Foundation Fellowship.

Novick, professor of microbiology and medicine, is a member of Skirball's Molecular Pathogenesis Program. He has devoted his career to studying Staphylococcus aureus, a notorious bacterium that causes a wide variety of illnesses, from relatively minor skin abscesses to life-threatening toxic shock syndrome, and is the leading cause of hospital-acquired infections. Antibiotics kill the pathogen, but in recent years it has increasingly become resistant to the most commonly used antibiotics. Novick's laboratory spent many years working out the molecular genetics of antibiotic resistance. More recently the lab has become dedicated to understanding the molecular mechanisms by which the bacterium causes disease, and to devising ways to block its effects. His laboratory discovered and characterized a master gene, or global regulator, which controls a signaling pathway in the bacterium that is responsible for the production and release of its toxins and other disease-causing products. Novick received his M.D. degree with Honors in Microbiology from NYU School of Medicine in 1959 and was a postdoctoral fellow at the National Institute for Medical Research in London, England in 1961 and 1962. He did his residency training at Vanderbilt University Hospital (1962-63) and was a special postdoctoral fellow at New York's Rockefeller University from 1963 to 1965. He was Director of The Public Health Research Institute in New York from 1982-92 and an adjunct professor at NYU Medical School for many years. He became a member of the NYU School of Medicine faculty in 1993.
New York University, located in the heart of Greenwich Village, was established in 1831 and is one of America's leading research universities and a member of the selective Association of American Universities. It is one of the largest private universities, it is a leader in attracting international students and scholars in the U.S, and it sends more students to study abroad than any other U.S. college or university. Through its 14 schools and colleges, NYU conducts research and provides education in the arts and sciences, law, medicine, business, dentistry, education, nursing, the cinematic and performing arts, music, public administration, social work, and continuing and professional studies, among other areas.

New York University

Related Antibiotic Resistance Articles from Brightsurf:

Discovery promising for millions at risk from antibiotic resistance
There is new hope for approximately 700,000 people who die each year from antibiotic resistant infections, with University of Queensland researchers discovering how bacteria share antibiotic-resistance genes.

Pollution linked to antibiotic resistance
Antibiotic resistance is an increasing health problem, but new research suggests it is not only caused by the overuse of antibiotics.

Antibiotic resistance and the need for personalized treatments
Scientists have discovered that the microbiota of each individual determines the maintenance of antibiotic resistant bacteria in the gut: whereas in some individuals resistant bacteria are quickly eliminated, in others they are not.

One of the mechanisms of Staphylococcus antibiotic resistance deciphered
The Russian side is represented by Structural Biology Lab (Kazan Federal University) and Institute of Proteins (Russian Academy of Sciences).

Antibiotic-resistance in Tanzania is an environmental problem
WSU study finds that environmental transmission rather than antibiotic use explains the presence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in people, domestic animals and wildlife.

Stressed-out dust is sharing antibiotic resistance genes
A new Northwestern University study is the first to find that bacteria living in household dust can spread antibiotic resistance genes.

Cause of antibiotic resistance identified
Bacteria can change form in human body, hiding the cell wall inside themselves to avoid detection.

The solution to antibiotic resistance could be in your kitchen sponge
Researchers from the New York Institute of Technology (NYIT) have discovered bacteriophages, viruses that infect bacteria, living in their kitchen sponges.

Antibiotic resistance in spore-forming probiotic bacteria
New research has found that six probiotic Bacillus strains are resistant to several antibiotics.

How bacteria acquire antibiotic resistance in the presence of antibiotics
A new study's disconcerting findings reveal how antibiotic resistance is able to spread between bacteria cells despite the presence of antibiotics that should prevent them from growing.

Read More: Antibiotic Resistance News and Antibiotic Resistance Current Events is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to