Sesame oil helps reduce dose of blood pressure-lowering medicine

April 28, 2003

SAN ANTONIO, April 28 - Cooking with sesame oil in place of other edible oils appears to help reduce high blood pressure and lower the amount of medication needed to control hypertension, researchers reported today at the XVth Scientific Meeting of the Inter-American Society of Hypertension. The meeting is co-sponsored by the American Heart Association's Council for High Blood Pressure Research.

Using sesame oil as the sole cooking oil for 60 days along with drug treatment lowered patients' blood pressure levels from 166 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) systolic pressure (the top number in a blood pressure reading) to 134 mm Hg, and from 101 mm Hg diastolic (the lower number) to 84.6 mm Hg.

The researchers also report that the dose of nifedipine, a calcium channel blocker, was reduced from 22.7 mg per day to 7.45 mg per day by the end of the study.

"The affect of the oil on blood pressure may be due to polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), and the compound sesamin - a lignan present in sesame oil. Both compounds have been shown to reduce blood pressure in hypertensive rats. Sesame lignans also inhibit the synthesis and absorption of cholesterol in these rats," says primary author Devarajan Sankar, D.O., Ph.D., a research scholar at Annamalai University, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India.

Sesame oil contains 43 percent polyunsaturated fatty acids and 40 milligrams (mg) of vitamin E per 100 grams, according to the researcher. The research team has previously reported that sesame oil helps reduce blood pressure in hypertensive patients taking diuretics or beta blockers, and that sesame oil helped people with diabetes regardless of high blood pressure. Their current study tested the effect of sesame oil on people with hypertension who were already taking the calcium channel blocker drug nifedipine. Calcium channel blockers lower blood pressure by relaxing the arterial membranes.

Researchers identified 328 patients (195 men, 133 women, average age 58) who were taking 10-30 mg of nifedipine a day. They had moderate to severe long-term hypertension but no history of heart disease or stroke. Their average blood pressure was 166/101 mm Hg, which is considered stage 2 hypertension. Participants consumed an average of 35 grams of oil per day for 60 days. Researchers measured blood pressure at baseline, every 15 days and on day 60.

"Overall, we've added to the growing body of knowledge that suggests regular consumption of sesame oil as the sole edible oil is beneficial in many ways, including blood pressure reduction," Sankar says. However, patients should always seek advice from their physician if they have questions about their high blood pressure treatment.
-end-
Co-authors are K.V. Pugalendi, Ph.D.; G. Sambandam, M.B.B.S.; and M. Ramakrishna Rao, M.D. The meeting is also sponsored by the Inter-American Society for Hypertension and the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

NR03 - 1057 (IASH/Sankar)

CONTACT:
Carole Bullock: (214) 706-1279
Julie Del Barto (broadcast): (214) 706-1330

American Heart Association

Related Blood Pressure Articles from Brightsurf:

Children who take steroids at increased risk for diabetes, high blood pressure, blood clots
Children who take oral steroids to treat asthma or autoimmune diseases have an increased risk of diabetes, high blood pressure, and blood clots, according to Rutgers researchers.

High blood pressure treatment linked to less risk for drop in blood pressure upon standing
Treatment to lower blood pressure did not increase and may decrease the risk of extreme drops in blood pressure upon standing from a sitting position.

Changes in blood pressure control over 2 decades among US adults with high blood pressure
National survey data were used to examine how blood pressure control changed overall among U.S. adults with high blood pressure between 1999-2000 and 2017-2018 and by age, race, insurance type and access to health care.

Transient increase in blood pressure promotes some blood vessel growth
Blood vessels are the body's transportation system, carrying oxygen and nutrients to cells and whisking away waste.

Effect of reducing blood pressure medications on blood pressure control in older adults
Whether the amount of blood pressure medications taken by older adults could be reduced safely and without a significant change in short-term blood pressure control was the objective of this randomized clinical trial that included 534 adults 80 and older.

Brain blood flow sensor discovery could aid treatments for high blood pressure & dementia
A study led by researchers at UCL has discovered the mechanism that allows the brain to monitor its own blood supply, a finding in rats which may help to find new treatments for human conditions including hypertension (high blood pressure) and dementia.

Here's something that will raise your blood pressure
The apelin receptor (APJ) has been presumed to play an important role in the contraction of blood vessels involved in blood pressure regulation.

New strategy for treating high blood pressure
The key to treating blood pressure might lie in people who are 'resistant' to developing high blood pressure even when they eat high salt diets, shows new research published today in Experimental Physiology.

Arm cuff blood pressure measurements may fall short for predicting heart disease risk in some people with resistant high blood pressure
A measurement of central blood pressure in people with difficult-to-treat high blood pressure could help reduce risk of heart disease better than traditional arm cuff readings for some patients, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association's Hypertension 2019 Scientific Sessions.

Heating pads may lower blood pressure in people with high blood pressure when lying down
In people with supine hypertension due to autonomic failure, a condition that increases blood pressure when lying down, overnight heat therapy significantly decreased systolic blood pressure compared to a placebo.

Read More: Blood Pressure News and Blood Pressure Current Events
Brightsurf.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.