Overall percentage of alcohol-related motor vehicle deaths declines for children

May 01, 2000

Between 1991 and 1996, the overall percentage of alcohol-related motor vehicle deaths for children declined, according to an article in the May 3 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

Lewis H. Margolis, MD, MPH, from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, and colleagues examined the association between alcohol use by drivers and mortality of children younger than 16 years who were passengers, pedestrians, and bicyclists, using data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System for 1991-1996.

The authors found that 3,318 deaths (19.9 percent) involved alcohol-related crashes. Of the alcohol-related deaths, 79.5 percent involved children as passengers, and the remainder involved pedestrians or bicyclists struck by drivers who had been drinking alcohol. For alcohol-related deaths of child passengers, 66.3 percent involved alcohol use by the driver of the vehicle in which the child was riding.

The authors found that the percentage of alcohol-related fatalities has declined from 21.6 percent in 1991 to 17.8 percent in 1996. Considering only crashes in which the alcohol-use status of the child's driver was relevant, the decline was less marked, from 18.8 percent in 1991 to 15.1 percent in 1995, with an increase to 16.4 percent in 1996.

They also found that drivers under the legal drinking age of 21 years who had been drinking accounted for 30.3 percent of alcohol-related passenger deaths among children.

From 1991 through 1996, approximately 550 children per year died in alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes. "To put this in perspective, it is estimated that annually 284 to 360 children younger than 18 years die from smoking-related illnesses and fires, and approximately 208 children younger than 15 years die as the result of unintentional firearm injuries," the authors write.
Editor's Note: This research was supported in part by the Injury Prevention Research Center of the University of North Carolina.

Media Advisory: To contact Lewis H. Margolis, MD, MPH, contact David Williamson of the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, at 919-962-2091.

If you would like to request a copy of the article, please call the Science News Department at 312-464-5374 or 5904. For more information about the journal contact the American Medical Association's Mary Ann Schultz at 312-464-4465 or Mary_Ann_Schultz@ama-assn.org. Posted by the Center for the Advancement of Health. For information about the Center, call Petrina Chong, pchong@cfah.org, at 202-387-2829.

Center for Advancing Health

Related Alcohol Articles from Brightsurf:

Alcohol use changed right after COVID-19 lockdown
One in four adults reported a change in alcohol use almost immediately after stay-at-home orders were issued: 14% reported drinking more alcohol and reported higher levels of stress and anxiety than those who did not drink and those whose use stayed the same.

Changes in hospitalizations for alcohol use disorder in US
Changes over nearly two decades in the rate of hospitalizations and in-hospital deaths from alcohol use disorder in the US were examined in this study.

Associations of alcohol consumption, alcohol-induced passing out with risk of dementia
The risk of future dementia associated with overall alcohol consumption and alcohol-induced loss of consciousness in a population of current drinkers was examined in this observational study with more than 131,000 adults.

New alcohol genes uncovered
Do you have what is known as problematic alcohol use?

Does estrogen influence alcohol use disorder?
A new study from researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago shows that high estrogen levels may make alcohol more rewarding to female mice.

Sobering new data on drinking and driving: 15% of US alcohol-related motor vehicle fatalities involve alcohol under the legal limit
A new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, published by Elsevier, found that motor vehicle crashes involving drivers with blood alcohol concentrations (BACs) below the legal limit of 0.08 percent accounted for 15% of alcohol-involved crash deaths in the United States.

Alcohol-induced deaths in US
National vital statistics data from 2000 to 2016 were used to examine how rates of alcohol-induced deaths (defined as those deaths due to alcohol consumption that could be avoided if alcohol weren't involved) have changed in the US and to compare the results by demographic groups including sex, race/ethnicity, age, socioeconomic status and geographic location.

Cuts in alcohol duty linked to 2000 more alcohol-related deaths in England
Government cuts to alcohol taxes have had dramatic consequences for public health, including nearly 2000 more alcohol-related deaths in England since 2012, according to new research from the University of Sheffield's School of Health and Related Research (ScHARR).

Integrated stepped alcohol treatment for people in HIV care improves both HIV & alcohol outcomes
Increasing the intensity of treatment for alcohol use disorder (AUD) over time improves alcohol-related outcomes among people with HIV, according to new clinical research supported by the National Institutes of Health.

The Lancet:Targets to reduce harmful alcohol use are likely to be missed as global alcohol intake increases
Increasing rates of alcohol use suggest that the world is not on track to achieve targets against harmful alcohol use, according to a study of 189 countries' alcohol intake between 1990-2017 and estimated intake up to 2030, published in The Lancet.

Read More: Alcohol News and Alcohol Current Events
Brightsurf.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.