Postmenopausal hormone therapy associated with higher risk of hearing lossMay 10, 2017
Boston, MA -- Hearing loss afflicts approximately 48 million Americans and the number is expected to increase as the population ages. Some previous studies suggested that menopause may increase the risk for hearing loss, presumably due to the reduction in circulating estrogen levels, and that postmenopausal hormone therapy might slow hearing decline by 'replacing' estrogen. To investigate the role of menopause and postmenopausal hormone therapy as risk factors for hearing loss, researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital prospectively examined the independent links between menopausal status, oral hormone therapy, and risk of self-reported hearing loss in 80,972 women in the Nurses' Health Study II followed from 1991-2013. The findings are published online May 10, 2017 in Menopause, The Journal of the North American Menopause Society.
During the study period, 23 percent of the participants developed hearing loss. Researchers found no significant overall association between menopausal status and risk of hearing loss, although higher risk was associated with older age at natural menopause. Use of postmenopausal hormone therapy was associated with higher risk of hearing loss, and the risk tended to increase with longer duration of use.
"Many factors contribute to acquired hearing loss, including age, genetics, noise, medical conditions, diet and lifestyle factors," stated Sharon Curhan, MD, ScM, lead author of the paper and a researcher at the Channing Division of Network Medicine at Brigham and Women's Hospital. "Our research focuses on identifying preventable contributors to hearing loss. Although the role of sex hormones in hearing is complex and incompletely understood, these findings suggest that women who undergo natural menopause at an older age may have a higher risk. In addition, longer duration of postmenopausal hormone therapy use is associated with higher risk. These findings suggest that hearing health may be a consideration for women when evaluating the risks and benefits of hormone therapy," Curhan said.
Paper cited: Sharon G. Curhan, MD, ScM, et al. "Menopause and postmenopausal hormone therapy and risk of hearing loss," DOI: 10.1097/Menopause, Vol. 24, No. 9, 2017.
Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) is a 793-bed nonprofit teaching affiliate of Harvard Medical School and a founding member of Partners HealthCare. BWH has more than 4.2 million annual patient visits and nearly 46,000 inpatient stays, is the largest birthing center in Massachusetts and employs nearly 16,000 people. The Brigham's medical preeminence dates back to 1832, and today that rich history in clinical care is coupled with its national leadership in patient care, quality improvement and patient safety initiatives, and its dedication to research, innovation, community engagement and educating and training the next generation of health care professionals. Through investigation and discovery conducted at its Brigham Research Institute (BRI), BWH is an international leader in basic, clinical and translational research on human diseases, more than 3,000 researchers, including physician-investigators and renowned biomedical scientists and faculty supported by nearly $666 million in funding. For the last 25 years, BWH ranked second in research funding from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) among independent hospitals. BWH is also home to major landmark epidemiologic population studies, including the Nurses' and Physicians' Health Studies and the Women's Health Initiative as well as the TIMI Study Group, one of the premier cardiovascular clinical trials groups. For more information, resources and to follow us on social media, please visit BWH's online newsroom.
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Related Hearing Loss Articles:
Can a fish with a malformed jaw tell us something about hearing loss in mice and humans?
Use of postmenopausal hormone therapy was associated with higher risk of hearing loss, and the risk tended to increase with longer duration of use.
Of the 67 papers reviewed, only 16 (23.9 percent) included any mention of hearing loss.
Doctors believe that communication with those under their care is important, but most studies of communication between physicians and older adults do not mention that hearing loss may affect this interaction.
Traditional clinical hearing tests often fail to diagnose patients with a common form of inner ear damage that might otherwise be detected by more challenging behavioral tests, according to the findings of a University at Buffalo-led study published in the journal Frontiers in Neuroscience.
Researchers at MIT and Brigham and Women's Hospital have discovered a combination of drugs that induces supporting cells in the ear to differentiate into hair cells, offering a potential new way to treat hearing loss.
Some people can pass a hearing test but have trouble understanding speech in a noisy environment.
A Utah law has led to increased early identification of infants with hearing loss due to a congenital infection, according to a new study by University of Utah and Utah Department of Health researchers.
Leading scientists and hearing experts from around the world will gather for a scientific workshop sponsored by hearing implant leader MED-EL.
In a study published online by JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Kathleen M.
Related Hearing Loss Reading:
Hearing Loss: Facts and Fiction: 7 Secrets to Better Hearing
by Timothy Frantz M.D. (Author)
"Hearing Loss – Facts and Fiction- 7 SECRETS TO BETTER HEARING" is the solution to the American epidemic of hearing loss. One in five Americans suffer from hearing loss. Unfortunately up to 3/4 of Americans with hearing loss do not treat it, primarily due to the high cost of hearing aids. "The Hear Doc" is concerned about what he considers to be a true crisis. In this easy-to-read book, Dr. Frantz shows you: -12 Ways to get Hearing Aids for FREE or at Reduced Prices. -10 Tips to Better Communication Without Using Hearing Aids. -How to Try Hearing Aids at NO Risk in Over 30 U.S.... View Details
Hearing Loss: A Guide to Prevention and Treatment (Harvard Medical School Special Health Reports)
by Harvard Health Publications (Author), Harvard Health Publications (Editor), David Murray Vernick (Editor), Ann Stockwell (Editor)
If you thing you might need a hearing checkup, you probably do. This special health report describes the causes and cures for hearing loss. You ll learn about the latest advances in hearing aid technology and find out which kind of hearing device may be best for you. This report also contains in-depth information on the causes, diagnosis, and treatment of hearing loss. You'll learn how to prevent hearing loss and preserve the hearing you have now. View Details
Frustrated by Hearing Loss? Five Keys to Communication Success
by Dusty Ann Jessen Au.D. (Author)
Let's face it...hearing loss is incredibly frustrating for all parties involved. Hearing aids have come a long way in recent years, but they are only one piece of the communication puzzle. To conquer communication breakdowns, it is essential to learn the 5 Keys to Communication Success! View Details
The Hearing-Loss Guide: Useful Information and Advice for Patients and Families (Yale University Press Health & Wellness)
by John M. Burkey (Author), Robert L. Daniels (Foreword)
The best advice for those with hearing loss, from a leading audiologist and from patients with personal experience
Where can the most accurate and helpful information about hearing loss be found? From a friend or relative who has impaired hearing? From an experienced audiologist? Both, says the author of this essential book!
In an unusual new approach, audiologist John M. Burkey offers not only specific and up-to-date information based on his own extensive experience with patients, but also useful, first-hand advice from those patients themselves. The... View Details
Hearing Loss: Causes, Prevention, and Treatment
by Jos J. Eggermont (Author)
Hearing Loss: Causes, Prevention, and Treatment covers hearing loss, causes and prevention, treatments, and future directions in the field, also looking at the cognitive problems that can develop.
To avoid the “silent epidemic of hearing loss, it is necessary to promote early screening, use hearing protection, and change public attitudes toward noise. Successful treatments of hearing loss deal with restoring hearing sensitivity via hearing aids, including cochlear, brainstem, or midbrain implants. Both the technical aspects and effects on the quality of life of these... View Details
Understanding Childhood Hearing Loss: Whole Family Approaches to Living and Thriving (Whole Family Approaches to Childhood Illnesses and Disorders)
by Brian J. Fligor (Author)
Childhood hearing loss is more common than most people assume, and yet this invisible condition can rob a child of the ability to develop close emotional relationships with family and friends. This book demystifies this condition and offers emotionally-supportive approaches to caring for the child and the whole family. It is written from the perspective of a pediatric audiologist who has diagnosed hearing loss in hundreds of newborns and young children, and who has shaped clinical best-practices during his career.
Hearing loss is not an “all or nothing” condition, but a range... View Details
What Did You Say? An Unexpected Journey Into the World of Hearing Loss
by Monique E. Hammond (Author)
Nothing prepared Monique Hammond for her own sudden hearing loss, and her questions to medical professionals often left her with more questions than answers. What Did You Say? is the book she wishes she had when she was coping with and trying to understand her own hearing loss.
Hammond points out that she is not a professional hearing specialist, so her first important message is that people who experience any ear-related symptoms ''must consult their physician or ear specialist for proper diagnosis and treatment.'' From there, she provides organized, easy-to-understand facts and... View Details
The Consumer Handbook on Hearing Loss and Hearing Aids: A Bridge to Healing
by Richard E. Carmen (Editor)
This Fourth Edition is updated to current knowledge and technology that includes fascinating and compelling new information on cutting edge fitness-related research and better hearing. The collective effort of all the writers covers about everything you'll want to know if you have a hearing loss and are considering hearing aids. There can be a lot of uncertainty and emotions that prevail during the process of addressing untreated hearing loss, leaving a trail of devastation and turmoil in its wake, since procrastination is often at the expense of loved ones.This book charts a quiet path... View Details
Auditory-Verbal Therapy For Young Children with Hearing Loss and Their Families, and the Practitioners Who Guide Them
by Warren Estabrooks (Author), Karen MacIver-Lux (Author), Ellen A. Rhoades (Author)
Auditory-Verbal Therapy: For Young Children with Hearing Loss and Their Families, and the Practitioners Who Guide Them provides a comprehensive examination of auditory-verbal therapy (AVT), from theory to evidence-based practice.
Key features: Detailed exploration of AVT, including historical perspectives and current research that continue to drive clinical practice Essential use of hearing aids, cochlear implants, and other implantable devices, and additional hearing technologies in AVT Goals of the AV practitioner and strategies used in AVT to develop listening, talking,... View Details