Affordable Care Act linked to better heart failure care for minorities, yet disparities persist

May 15, 2020

DALLAS, May 15, 2020 -- The Affordable Care Act (ACA) Medicaid Expansion appears to have eased health care inequities among heart failure patients; however, racial and ethnic disparities in heart failure care still exist, according to research presented today at the American Heart Association's Quality of Care & Outcomes Research Scientific Sessions 2020. The virtual conference, to be held May 15-16, is a premier global exchange of the latest advances in quality of care and outcomes research in cardiovascular disease and stroke for researchers, health care professionals and policymakers.

Using the American Heart Association's Get With the Guidelines-Heart Failure registry of nearly 272,000 patients, researchers compared patient information among early-adopter states that approved the ACA Medicaid Expansion by 2014, to states that had not adopted the expansion through 2019. They assessed if patients in underserved racial and ethnic minority groups received heart failure therapies, including guidelines-based medications, heart failure education and heart failure follow-up.

"Lack of insurance contributes to racial and ethnic health inequities among U.S. heart failure patients. We were pleased to find that ACA Medicaid Expansion was associated with increased delivery of cardiovascular care to racial and ethnic minority groups," said study author Khadijah Breathett, M.D., M.S., FAHA, assistant professor of cardiology at the University of Arizona College of Medicine in Tucson, Arizona. "Heart failure education and follow-up appointments can empower patients, contribute to better medical management and may prevent future hospitalizations."

Looking specifically at how the ACA Medicaid Expansion impacted the delivery of recommended medical care to African American, Asian, Hispanic and white patients hospitalized for heart failure, researchers found:"Today, health care professionals can examine barriers within their individual practices, administrators can examine barriers from a center level, and all of us must engage with policymakers to assure that policy keeps up with the needs of the people," she said. "Based on these findings, increased adoption of the ACA Medicaid Expansion may reduce racial and ethnic disparities in heart failure treatment and outcomes. However, health equity will require substantial changes in policy and additional investigation of interventions that may reduce barriers to care."
Co-authors are Haolin Xu, M.S.; Nancy K. Sweitzer, M.D., Ph.D.; Elizabeth Calhoun Ph.D., M.Ed.; Roland A. Matsouaka, Ph.D.; Clyde W. Yancy, M.D., M.Sc.; Gregg C. Fonarow, M.D.; Adam D. DeVore, M.D., M.H..S; Deepak L. Bhatt, M.D., M.P.H.; Pamela N. Peterson, M.D., M.S.P.H. Disclosures are in the abstract.

This study was supported by an American Heart Association (AHA) Get With the Guidelines Young Investigator Database Seed Grant Award.

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