Nature sights and sounds ease pain during common lung procedure

May 27, 2003

Investigators at Johns Hopkins have strong evidence that distracting patients during and after bronchoscopy with a colorful mural of a meadow and the gurgle of a babbling brook significantly enhances efforts to reduce pain.

"Natural sounds and images, if they're the right ones in the right format, are a safe, inexpensive, effective way to reduce the pain and anxiety of inserting tubes through the nose or mouth to see the lungs," reports Noah Lechtzin, M.D., instructor of medicine at Johns Hopkins and author of the study appearing in a recent issue of the journal Chest.

The Johns Hopkins researchers emphasized that sound and sight distraction therapy is not a substitute for pain medication, but one of several complementary medicine approaches being explored by critical care specialists to enhance pain control drugs. The Hopkins group tested the natural sights and sounds on 41 men and women during their 25-minute bronchoscopies and three-hour recovery periods. Individuals looked at cloth murals hung by their bedsides and listened to nature sounds through headphones and a tape player (For examples, visit http://www.bedscapes.com). Thirty-nine similar patients underwent the procedures without distraction therapy, but with comparable levels of care and pain control.

Both groups of subjects filled out questionnaires rating their pain on a five-point scale, along with their anxiety, perceptions of privacy, difficulty in breathing, willingness to have the procedure done again, and safety.

"What stood out was pain control," says Gregory Diette, M.D., an assistant professor of pulmonary and critical care medicine at Johns Hopkins and lead author of the study. "That was the only area of significant improvement. Patients who listened to the nature sounds and looked at the mural during the bronchoscopy were 43 percent more likely to report pain control as very good or excellent, even after controlling for such factors as pain medication, health, race and education."

Based on the study results, Johns Hopkins will use the distraction therapy to enhance comfort for patients undergoing bronchoscopy.
-end-
For more information or to interview Diette or Lechtzin, contact Trent Stockton at 410-955-8665.

Johns Hopkins Medicine

Related Pain Articles from Brightsurf:

Pain researchers get a common language to describe pain
Pain researchers around the world have agreed to classify pain in the mouth, jaw and face according to the same system.

It's not just a pain in the head -- facial pain can be a symptom of headaches too
A new study finds that up to 10% of people with headaches also have facial pain.

New opioid speeds up recovery without increasing pain sensitivity or risk of chronic pain
A new type of non-addictive opioid developed by researchers at Tulane University and the Southeast Louisiana Veterans Health Care System accelerates recovery time from pain compared to morphine without increasing pain sensitivity, according to a new study published in the Journal of Neuroinflammation.

The insular cortex processes pain and drives learning from pain
Neuroscientists at EPFL have discovered an area of the brain, the insular cortex, that processes painful experiences and thereby drives learning from aversive events.

Pain, pain go away: new tools improve students' experience of school-based vaccines
Researchers at the University of Toronto and The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) have teamed up with educators, public health practitioners and grade seven students in Ontario to develop and implement a new approach to delivering school-based vaccines that improves student experience.

Pain sensitization increases risk of persistent knee pain
Becoming more sensitive to pain, or pain sensitization, is an important risk factor for developing persistent knee pain in osteoarthritis (OA), according to a new study by researchers from the Université de Montréal (UdeM) School of Rehabilitation and Hôpital Maisonneuve Rosemont Research Centre (CRHMR) in collaboration with researchers at Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM).

Becoming more sensitive to pain increases the risk of knee pain not going away
A new study by researchers in Montreal and Boston looks at the role that pain plays in osteoarthritis, a disease that affects over 300 million adults worldwide.

Pain disruption therapy treats source of chronic back pain
People with treatment-resistant back pain may get significant and lasting relief with dorsal root ganglion (DRG) stimulation therapy, an innovative treatment that short-circuits pain, suggests a study presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2018 annual meeting.

Sugar pills relieve pain for chronic pain patients
Someday doctors may prescribe sugar pills for certain chronic pain patients based on their brain anatomy and psychology.

Peripheral nerve block provides some with long-lasting pain relief for severe facial pain
A new study has shown that use of peripheral nerve blocks in the treatment of Trigeminal Neuralgia (TGN) may produce long-term pain relief.

Read More: Pain News and Pain Current Events
Brightsurf.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.