From terrestrial and marine bioresources and wastes to value-added products

May 31, 2017

One of the main objectives of bio-based economy is to provide end markets with a wide selection of bio-based products able to compete with the fossil-based counterparts. The role of R&D to develop reliable and cost-effective valorization schemes of renewable biomass is of considerable importance. In this regard, the diverse biochemical composition of biomass and derived wastes in the one hand, and the multitude of potential end products and related production procedures and manufacturing technologies, on the other hand, make this task a challenging one.

In this context, the authors started this review article by emphasizing the tremendous potential of biomass and its derived wastes in the industrial sector. Indeed, many bioresources are available around the world (unlike fossil resources) and could be acquired at reasonable costs. Numerous interesting research studies conducted worldwide on the possibilities to convert various kinds of biomass and agro-industrial wastes into high added-value products were reported in this article. Considering the importance of the energy sector in socioeconomic development, the research efforts in producing biomass-derived fuels (bioethanol, biodiesel and biomethane) were showcased. In addition, the production of activated carbons from bioresources and wastes as renewable and inexpensive precursors wasalsoreviewedconsidering their wide spectrum of potential utilization, including water and wastewater treatment, air depollution and energy storage.

Overall, the aim of this review article is to inform readers about the role of biomass and its derived wastes in developing sustainable production systems and producing sustainable bioproducts, through continuous scientific research and development.
-end-


Bentham Science Publishers

Related Biomass Articles from Brightsurf:

Bound for the EU, American-made biomass checks the right boxes
A first-of-its-kind study published in the journal Scientific Reports finds that wood produced in the southeastern United States for the EU's renewable energy needs has a net positive effect on US forests--but that future industry expansion could warrant more research.

The highest heat-resistant plastic ever is developed from biomass
The use of biomass-derived plastics is one of the prime concerns to establish a sustainable society, which is incorporated as one of the Sustainable Development Goals.

Laser technology measures biomass in world's largest trees
Laser technology has been used to measure the volume and biomass of giant Californian redwood trees for the first time, records a new study by UCL researchers.

Inducing plasma in biomass could make biogas easier to produce
Producing biogas from the bacterial breakdown of biomass presents options for a greener energy future, but the complex composition of biomass comes with challenges.

Microbes working together multiply biomass conversion possibilities
Non-edible plants are a promising alternative to crude oil, but their heterogenous composition can be a challenge to producing high yields of useful products.

Evergreen idea turns biomass DNA into degradable materials
A Cornell-led collaboration is turning DNA from organic matter -- such as onions, fish and algae -- into biodegradable gels and plastics.

Upgrading biomass with selective surface-modified catalysts
Loading single platinum atoms on titanium dioxide promotes the conversion of a plant derivative into a potential biofuel.

A novel biofuel system for hydrogen production from biomass
A recent study, affiliated with South Korea's Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) has presented a new biofuel system that uses lignin found in biomass for the production of hydrogen.

Biomass fuels can significantly mitigate global warming
'Every crop we tested had a very significant mitigation capacity despite being grown on very different soils and under natural climate variability,' says Dr.

Traditional biomass stoves shown to cause lung inflammation
Traditional stoves that burn biomass materials and are not properly ventilated, which are widely used in developing nations where cooking is done indoors, have been shown to significantly increase indoor levels of harmful PM2.5 (miniscule atmospheric particulates) and carbon monoxide (CO) and to stimulate biological processes that cause lung inflammation and may lead to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to new research published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

Read More: Biomass News and Biomass Current Events
Brightsurf.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.