Nav: Home

From terrestrial and marine bioresources and wastes to value-added products

May 31, 2017

One of the main objectives of bio-based economy is to provide end markets with a wide selection of bio-based products able to compete with the fossil-based counterparts. The role of R&D to develop reliable and cost-effective valorization schemes of renewable biomass is of considerable importance. In this regard, the diverse biochemical composition of biomass and derived wastes in the one hand, and the multitude of potential end products and related production procedures and manufacturing technologies, on the other hand, make this task a challenging one.

In this context, the authors started this review article by emphasizing the tremendous potential of biomass and its derived wastes in the industrial sector. Indeed, many bioresources are available around the world (unlike fossil resources) and could be acquired at reasonable costs. Numerous interesting research studies conducted worldwide on the possibilities to convert various kinds of biomass and agro-industrial wastes into high added-value products were reported in this article. Considering the importance of the energy sector in socioeconomic development, the research efforts in producing biomass-derived fuels (bioethanol, biodiesel and biomethane) were showcased. In addition, the production of activated carbons from bioresources and wastes as renewable and inexpensive precursors wasalsoreviewedconsidering their wide spectrum of potential utilization, including water and wastewater treatment, air depollution and energy storage.

Overall, the aim of this review article is to inform readers about the role of biomass and its derived wastes in developing sustainable production systems and producing sustainable bioproducts, through continuous scientific research and development.
-end-


Bentham Science Publishers

Related Biomass Articles:

How preprocessing methods affect the conversion efficiency of biomass energy production
Research on energy production from biomass usually focuses on the amount of energy generated.
Supercomputing improves biomass fuel conversion
Pretreating plant biomass with THF-water causes lignin globules on the cellulose surface to expand and break away from one another and the cellulose fibers.
Whole-tree harvesting could boost biomass production
Making the shift to renewable energy sources requires biomass, too.
Left out to dry: A more efficient way to harvest algae biomass
Researchers at the University of Tsukuba develop a new system for evaporating the water from algae biomass with reusable nanoporous graphene, which can lead to cheaper, more environmentally friendly biofuels and fine chemicals.
Symbiotic upcycling: Turning 'low value' compounds into biomass
Kentron, a bacterial symbiont of ciliates, turns cellular waste products into biomass.
New microorganism for algae biomass to produce alternative fuels
Professor Gyoo Yeol Jung and his research team utilized algae that grow three times faster than starch crops and succeeded in producing biofuel and biochemicals.
Light energy and biomass can be converted to diesel fuel and hydrogen
A research group led by Professor WANG Feng at the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences recently developed a method to produce diesel fuel and hydrogen by exploiting light energy (solar energy or artificial light energy) and biomass-derived feedstocks.
Converting biomass by applying mechanical force
German nanoscientists have succeeded in demonstrating a new reaction mechanism to cleave cellulose efficiently.
Coral reef parks protecting only 40 percent of fish biomass potential
Marine scientists from WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) and other groups examining the ecological status of coral reefs across the Indian and Pacific oceans have uncovered an unsettling fact: even the best coral reef marine parks contain less than half of the fish biomass found in the most remote reefs that lie far from human settlements.
New insights into radial expansion of plants can boost biomass production
Besides the obvious longitudinal growth, plants also enlarge in the radial sense.
More Biomass News and Biomass Current Events

Best Science Podcasts 2019

We have hand picked the best science podcasts for 2019. Sit back and enjoy new science podcasts updated daily from your favorite science news services and scientists.
Now Playing: TED Radio Hour

Rethinking Anger
Anger is universal and complex: it can be quiet, festering, justified, vengeful, and destructive. This hour, TED speakers explore the many sides of anger, why we need it, and who's allowed to feel it. Guests include psychologists Ryan Martin and Russell Kolts, writer Soraya Chemaly, former talk radio host Lisa Fritsch, and business professor Dan Moshavi.
Now Playing: Science for the People

#538 Nobels and Astrophysics
This week we start with this year's physics Nobel Prize awarded to Jim Peebles, Michel Mayor, and Didier Queloz and finish with a discussion of the Nobel Prizes as a way to award and highlight important science. Are they still relevant? When science breakthroughs are built on the backs of hundreds -- and sometimes thousands -- of people's hard work, how do you pick just three to highlight? Join host Rachelle Saunders and astrophysicist, author, and science communicator Ethan Siegel for their chat about astrophysics and Nobel Prizes.