Nav: Home

Dieting? Studies weigh in on opportunities and risks

June 01, 2020

Many of us are eating differently during the COVID-19 pandemic, and some are taking the stay-at-home lifestyle as an opportunity to work on weight loss goals. Get the latest research findings on fad diets, losing weight and healthful eating at NUTRITION 2020 LIVE ONLINE, a virtual conference featuring leading nutrition experts from around the world.

Dieting risks

Is your weight loss diet giving you enough nutrients?

Micronutrients are important for keeping your body healthy and warding off disease. In a year-long randomized controlled trial, researchers found that 54 people following one of two diets--a low-carbohydrate diet or a high-fiber, bean-rich diet--showed similar results in terms of weight loss but were deficient in some micronutrients. While nutrient content varied between the two diets, participants in both groups consumed less than the recommended daily amount of vitamin D, vitamin E, calcium, magnesium and copper.

Neal G. Malik, California State University, is the presenting author. This research will be presented as a

When healthy eating becomes an obsession

A new study suggests weight-loss diets may go hand-in-hand with orthorexia nervosa, a potentially damaging obsession with healthy eating. An internet survey of more than 400 college students found more than three-quarters of respondents who reported following a weight loss diet also showed signs of orthorexia, compared to less than 40% among those who were not dieting. Those following a weight loss diet also showed a much higher risk for other eating disorders.

Zhiping Yu, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, is the presenting author. This research will be presented as a

Looking beyond food

Can gut microbes help--or hinder--weight loss?

While the microbes living in and on our bodies play a big role in our health, little is known about how they influence weight loss efforts. New research suggests that the type of bacteria in a person's gut may help predict their likelihood of weight-loss success. Out of 36 people participating in a six-month weight loss program, the 12 participants who succeeded in losing the targeted amount of weight (5% weight loss) showed lower concentrations of certain bacteria and higher concentrations of others at baseline compared to participants who did not lose weight. The findings suggest gut microbes may influence weight loss by affecting how the body processes food, researchers say.

Moira K. Differding, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, is the presenting author. This research will be presented as a

Exercise brings no weight loss boost compared to diet alone

A study involving 383 overweight adults found that following a calorie-restricted diet resulted in roughly the same amount of weight loss regardless of a person's level of physical activity. After one year of limiting their intake to 1,200-1,800 calories per day, participants lost just over 20 pounds on average, but the amount of weight lost was not significantly different among participants who exercised an average of 1.5 hours per week compared to those exercising nearly 4 hours per week. The researchers also found that participants' level of physical activity did not affect their ability to keep their calorie and fat consumption within bounds.

Carli A. Ligouri, University of Pittsburgh, is the presenting author. This research will be presented as a

Nutrition tech

How reliable are commercial nutrition apps?

Researchers examined how calories and nutrients are calculated in two commercial nutrition apps--CalorieKing and MyFitnessPal--compared to a reference database used by scientists, the University of Minnesota Nutrition Coordinating Center Nutrition Data System for Research (NDSR). Overall, the apps were similar to the NDSR in counting calories and nutrients for the 50 most commonly consumed foods, with a few exceptions. MyFitnessPal was less reliable in its assessment of total fat and fiber intake for all foods, and was especially unreliable when it came to calculating calories, carbohydrates and fiber content of fruits. This variability underscores the need to compare nutrition apps with validated data sources if they are to be used in research and practice, researchers say.

Annie W. Lin, Northwestern University, is the presenting author. This research will be presented as a

Personalized weight loss program does not bring added confidence

Researchers are exploring whether a weight loss diet can be made more effective by accounting for how a person's body responds to specific foods. Early results from the three-month data involving 75 participants suggest this personalized approach has no effect on how people perceive their ability to resist overeating compared to a one-size-fits-all diet. The researchers plan to continue the study to examine how a personalized diet might affect participants' confidence or actual weight loss in the longer term.

Lu Hu, New York University, is the presenting author. This research will be presented as a
Please note that abstracts presented at NUTRITION 2020 LIVE ONLINE were evaluated and selected by a committee of experts but have not generally undergone the same peer review process required for publication in a scientific journal. As such, the findings presented should be considered preliminary until a peer-reviewed publication is available.


NUTRITION 2020 LIVE ONLINE is a dynamic virtual event showcasing new research findings and timely discussions on food and nutrition. The online meeting, held June 1-4, 2020, is hosted by the American Society for Nutrition (ASN) with support from the ASN Foundation. ASN's flagship meeting, Nutrition 2020, was canceled due to the impacts of COVID-19. #NutritionLiveOnline

About the American Society for Nutrition (ASN)

ASN is the preeminent professional organization for nutrition research scientists and clinicians around the world. Founded in 1928, the society brings together the top nutrition researchers, medical practitioners, policy makers and industry leaders to advance our knowledge and application of nutrition. ASN publishes four peer-reviewed journals and provides education and professional development opportunities to advance nutrition research, practice and education.

Find more news briefs and tipsheets at:

American Society for Nutrition

Related Nutrition Articles:

Leaders call for 'Moonshot' on nutrition research
Leading nutrition and food policy experts outline a bold case for strengthening federal nutrition research in a live interactive session as part of NUTRITION 2020 LIVE ONLINE, a virtual conference hosted by the American Society for Nutrition (ASN).
Featured research from NUTRITION 2020 LIVE ONLINE
Press materials are now available for NUTRITION 2020 LIVE ONLINE, a dynamic virtual event showcasing new research findings and timely discussions on food and nutrition.
Diet, nutrition have profound effects on gut microbiome
A new literature review from scientists at George Washington University and the National Institute of Standards and Technology suggests that nutrition and diet have a profound impact on the microbial composition of the gut.
Are women getting adequate nutrition during preconception and pregnancy?
In a Maternal & Child Nutrition analysis of published studies on the dietary habits of women who were trying to conceive or were pregnant, most studies indicated that women do not meet nutritional recommendations for vegetable, cereal grain, or folate intake.
Supermarkets and child nutrition in Africa
Hunger and undernutrition are widespread problems in Africa. At the same time, overweight, obesity, and related chronic diseases are also on the rise.
Horse nutrition: Prebiotics do more harm than good
Prebiotics are only able to help stabilise the intestinal flora of horses to a limited degree.
New study measures how much of corals' nutrition comes from hunting
When it comes to feeding, corals have a few tricks up their sleeve.
Nutrition programs alone are not enough to support healthy brain development
Caregiving programs are five times more effective than nutrition programs in supporting smarter, not just taller, children in low- and middle-income countries.
Ant farmers boost plant nutrition
Research, led by Dr. Guillaume Chomicki from the Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, has demonstrated that millions of years of ant agriculture has remodeled plant physiology.
Featured research findings from Nutrition 2019
Press materials are now available for Nutrition 2019, the flagship meeting of the American Society for Nutrition, to be held June 8-11, 2019 at the Baltimore Convention Center.

Trending Science News

Current Coronavirus (COVID-19) News

Top Science Podcasts

We have hand picked the top science podcasts of 2020.
Now Playing: TED Radio Hour

Making Amends
What makes a true apology? What does it mean to make amends for past mistakes? This hour, TED speakers explore how repairing the wrongs of the past is the first step toward healing for the future. Guests include historian and preservationist Brent Leggs, law professor Martha Minow, librarian Dawn Wacek, and playwright V (formerly Eve Ensler).
Now Playing: Science for the People

#566 Is Your Gut Leaking?
This week we're busting the human gut wide open with Dr. Alessio Fasano from the Center for Celiac Research and Treatment at Massachusetts General Hospital. Join host Anika Hazra for our discussion separating fact from fiction on the controversial topic of leaky gut syndrome. We cover everything from what causes a leaky gut to interpreting the results of a gut microbiome test! Related links: Center for Celiac Research and Treatment website and their YouTube channel
Now Playing: Radiolab

The Flag and the Fury
How do you actually make change in the world? For 126 years, Mississippi has had the Confederate battle flag on their state flag, and they were the last state in the nation where that emblem remained "officially" flying.  A few days ago, that flag came down. A few days before that, it coming down would have seemed impossible. We dive into the story behind this de-flagging: a journey involving a clash of histories, designs, families, and even cheerleading. This show is a collaboration with OSM Audio. Kiese Laymon's memoir Heavy is here. And the Hospitality Flag webpage is here.