Nav: Home

Patients who broke bones in traumatic accidents frequently suffer from stress disorder

June 04, 2004

DALLAS - June 3, 2004 - People who have had a traumatic bone break also frequently suffer from Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas have found.

Research that appears in the June 5 issue of The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery is available online and explains why some people take longer to recover after an injury even though their bone has physically healed.

"The thing that drove us to do this study was the frustration we felt as physicians," said Dr. Adam Starr, assistant professor of orthopaedic surgery and the study's lead author.

"We have patients who go through these traumatic events, and medically they have healed. But they come back to the clinic and say, 'I just don't feel right,' or 'I'm not ready to go back to work,'" he said. "You dig a little deeper, and you discover that they are having nightmares or flashbacks, or their wife will tell you 'He cries every night,' or 'He has angry outbursts all the time.'"

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a mental illness caused by witnessing or experiencing an event involving serious injury, or threatened or actual death. Those with the disorder experience intense fear, helplessness or horror.

The more severe the orthopaedic injury, the more likely a patient is to suffer from the disorder, Dr. Starr concluded in the study.

Researchers used a questionnaire based on one designed to detect combat-related PTSD. Some 580 civilian orthopaedic trauma patients were queried. Of those patients, almost 51 percent (295) were found to have the disorder. Study participants' average time since the injury was one year. Falls and motor vehicle collisions were responsible for the most injuries. Injuries were also caused by motor vehicle-pedestrian collision, motorcycle collision, a crush injury, bicycles, horseback riding and gunshot wounds.

The next step, researchers say, is to determine how to best identify and effectively treat patients with the disorder.

"If it turns out you can treat the PTSD too, it has enormous implications for treating orthopaedic trauma," Dr. Starr said.

Other UT Southwestern researchers involved in the study were Dr. William Frawley, assistant professor of academic computing services; and Dr. Charles Reinert, associate professor of orthopaedic surgery. Researchers at Parkland Health & Hospital System and Denver Health Medical Center also contributed to the study.
-end-
To automatically receive news releases from UT Southwestern via e-mail, subscribe at http://www.utsouthwestern.edu/utsw/cda/dept37326/files/37813.html

UT Southwestern Medical Center

Related Ptsd Articles:

Reckless behavior fuels ongoing stress for some with PTSD
Veterans Affairs researchers found that for those with posttraumatic stress disorder, risky and harmful behaviors could lead to more trauma and, in turn, worse PSTD symptoms over time.
Veterans with PTSD have an increased 'fight or flight' response
Young veterans with combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have an increased 'fight or flight' response during mental stress, according to new findings published this week in The Journal of Physiology.
PTSD, certain prescriptions for PTSD may raise risk for dementia
Until now, researchers didn't know whether the kinds of medications used for people with PTSD could increase risks for dementia.
Common antibiotic may help to prevent or treat PTSD
The common antibiotic doxycycline can disrupt the formation of negative associations in the brain, according to new research from UCL and the University of Zurich.
Refugees with PTSD regulate stress differently
New Michigan State University research has found that refugees diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder regulate stress differently than those who don't have the disorder, but may have experienced similar suffering.
PTSD symptoms may be prevented with ketamine
Columbia University researchers have evidence that giving a small dose of ketamine one week before a psychologically traumatic event may help prevent PTSD.
Parents of children with serious heart defects may be at risk of PTSD
Many parents -- particularly mothers -- of children born with serious heart defects have symptoms of post-traumatic stress, anxiety or depression.
Study reveals areas of the brain impacted by PTSD
Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine and the VA Boston Healthcare System are one step closer to understanding the specific nature of brain changes associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Shooting, gang violence exposure leads to PTSD
The violence that women in disadvantaged neighborhoods experience and witness can result in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and full diagnoses, according to a new Northwestern Medicine study that examined a disadvantaged Chicago neighborhood.
Neuroscientist studies connection between PTSD and alcohol abuse
MUSC Psychologist Justin Gass believes repeated alcohol exposure stregthens the connections between neurons in the brain responsible for storing traumatic memories.

Related Ptsd Reading:

Best Science Podcasts 2019

We have hand picked the best science podcasts for 2019. Sit back and enjoy new science podcasts updated daily from your favorite science news services and scientists.
Now Playing: TED Radio Hour

Setbacks
Failure can feel lonely and final. But can we learn from failure, even reframe it, to feel more like a temporary setback? This hour, TED speakers on changing a crushing defeat into a stepping stone. Guests include entrepreneur Leticia Gasca, psychology professor Alison Ledgerwood, astronomer Phil Plait, former professional athlete Charly Haversat, and UPS training manager Jon Bowers.
Now Playing: Science for the People

#524 The Human Network
What does a network of humans look like and how does it work? How does information spread? How do decisions and opinions spread? What gets distorted as it moves through the network and why? This week we dig into the ins and outs of human networks with Matthew Jackson, Professor of Economics at Stanford University and author of the book "The Human Network: How Your Social Position Determines Your Power, Beliefs, and Behaviours".