Memory, judgment, and neuroeconomics -- News tips from Current Directions in Psychological Science

June 05, 2012

Current Directions in Psychological Science, a publication of the Association for Psychological Science, provides snapshots of developments taking place across many different areas of psychological science. New reports from the June issue of the journal examine how people retrieve memories from their minds, a new model of how working memory works, how we judge each other's personalities, and a multi-disciplinary field of study that merges behavior and economics.

Retrieval-Based Learning: Active Retrieval Promotes Meaningful Learning

Scientists who study learning tend to investigate how memories are formed during learning. But Jeffrey D. Karpicke of Purdue University argues that the processes associated with retrieving memories play a more central role in learning. In this article, he outlines the retrieval-based learning perspective and discusses the role of retrieval in learning as well as how retrieval enhances long-term learning, and promotes meaningful learning.

Jeffrey D. Karpicke --

Attention to Information in Working Memory

Working memory is essentially the amount of space we have in our minds to hold information while we're working on something. Klaus Oberauer and Laura Hein of the University of Zurich propose a new model of working memory called the three-embedded-components framework. They suggest that within working memory there is a broad focus of attention with the ability to store up to four chunks of information and a narrow focus of attention with the ability to select one chunk for further processing. The authors present evidence supporting their model and discuss it in relation to other models of working memory.

Klaus Oberauer --

Accurate Personality Judgment

Being able to gauge another person's personality is a critical social skill. In this article, David C. Funder from University of California, Riverside discusses how accurate personality judgments happen. He discusses how accuracy in judgment is measured and examines the Realistic Accuracy Model, a model that describes an individual's personality and how their personality is assessed by another person. He also outlines four moderating factors important for determining how accurate our personality judgments are.

David C. Funder --

The Use of Neuroeconomic Games to Examine Social Decision Making in Child and Adolescent Externalizing Disorders

Neuroeconomics is a field that combines economics, psychology, computational science, and neuroscience to study the neural basis of reward-related decision making in both social and nonsocial contexts. In this article, Carla Sharp from University of Houston from discusses how this new field could be used to study social interactions in children and adolescents diagnosed with externalizing disorders, such as ADHD or conduct disorder.

Carla Sharp --
Please contact Anna Mikulak at 202-293-9300 or for more information.

Association for Psychological Science

Related Working Memory Articles from Brightsurf:

Musical training can improve attention and working memory in children - study
Musically trained children perform better at attention and memory recall and have greater activation in brain regions related to attention control and auditory encoding.

A revised map of where working memory resides in the brain
Findings from genetically diverse mice challenge long-held assumptions about how the brain is able to briefly hold onto important information.

Playing video games as a child can improve working memory years later
UOC research reveals cognitive changes can be found even years after people stop playing

Visual working memory is hierarchically structured
Researchers from HSE University and the University of California San Diego, Igor Utochkin and Timothy Brady, have found new evidence of hierarchical encoding of images in visual working memory.

Couldn't socially distance? Blame your working memory
Whether you decided to engage in social distancing in the early stages of COVID-19 depended on how much information your working memory could hold.

Previously claimed memory boosting font 'Sans Forgetica' does not actually boost memory
It was previously claimed that the font Sans Forgetica could enhance people's memory for information, however researchers from the University of Warwick and the University of Waikato, New Zealand, have found after carrying out numerous experiments that the font does not enhance memory.

They remember: Communities of microbes found to have working memory
Biologists studying communities of bacteria have discovered that these so-called simple organisms feature a robust capacity for memory.

Researchers find key to keep working memory working
Working memory, the ability to hold a thought in mind even through distraction, is the foundation of abstract reasoning and a defining characteristic of the human brain.

Slower growth in working memory linked to teen driving crashes
Research into why adolescent drivers are involved in motor vehicle crashes, the leading cause of injury and death among 16- to 19-year-olds in the United States, has often focused on driving experience and skills.

Are differences in working memory development associated with crashes involving young drivers?
This study of 84 young drivers looked at the association between motor vehicle crashes and differences in the development of working memory, which is critical to awareness of hazards while driving.

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