New findings from groundbreaking study shows extended delay in onset of type 1 diabetes

June 15, 2020

NEW YORK - June 15, 2020--Emily Sims, M.D. today shared new findings that a breakthrough drug significantly delays the onset of type 1 diabetes (T1D).

The data presented at the American Diabetes Association (ADA)'s 80th Scientific Sessions details the Phase 2 Teplizumab Prevention Study Clinical Trial findings that showed a two-week course of teplizumab delayed the onset of clinical T1D by three years as compared to those taking a placebo.

These results add another year to the average time reported to reach insulin dependence in teplizumab treated subjects compared to placebo treated controls. The primary results of this trial, led by Kevan C. Herold, M.D. and colleagues, were presented at the 2019 ADA conference and published in the New England Journal of Medicine demonstrating a two year delay in T1D onset for those using the drug.

In ongoing analysis of trial data, Sims and colleagues found that subjects treated with teplizumab had higher rates of insulin secretion and C-peptide levels than those taking a placebo, indicating a change in the normal progression of T1D. Study participants taking a placebo showed no change since last year's reporting in the median time to clinical diagnosis of T1D during this follow-up period and maintained a decline in insulin and C-peptide production, which is consistent with beta-cell destruction caused by the disease. The trial involved individuals at high risk of developing T1D, based on the presence of two or more autoantibodies, which are detected through a screening blood test.

"We are excited and hopeful about what the newly released trial results mean for the type 1 diabetes community. This is the first disease-modifying drug with data showing a long-term delay to insulin dependence," said Aaron J. Kowalski, Ph.D., President, and CEO of JDRF. "This is a major milestone in the global effort to comprehensively understand T1D and support the advancement towards prevention and cures for this disease."

The study was conducted by TrialNet, a clinical trial network focused on T1D prevention, and funded the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, primarily through the Special Diabetes Program. Provention Bio provided study drugs and additional site monitoring.

In 2019 the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Breakthrough Therapy Designation and the European Medicines Agency (EMA) granted PRIority MEdicines (PRIME) designation to teplizumab, for the prevention or delay of T1D in individuals at-risk of developing the disease. CD3 is a blood marker that helps to activate the immune cells--called T cells--which are thought to be responsible for the disease. Type 1 diabetes, a life-long autoimmune disease, affects nearly 1.6 million Americans and 18 million people globally.

JDRF, the leading global organization funding T1D research, has supported the research of teplizumab for many years, including studies that have informed the mechanistic analysis ongoing with teplizumab trial samples. In 2017, the JDRF T1D Fund made an equity investment in Provention Bio, which is developing teplizumab for the prevention or delay of T1D.
About JDRF

JDRF's mission is to accelerate life-changing breakthroughs to cure, prevent and treat T1D and its complications. To accomplish this, JDRF has invested more than $2.2 billion in research funding since our inception. We are an organization built on a grassroots model of people connecting in their local communities, collaborating regionally for efficiency and broader fundraising impact, and uniting on a national stage to pool resources, passion, and energy. We collaborate with academic institutions, policymakers, and corporate and industry partners to develop and deliver a pipeline of innovative therapies to people living with T1D. Our staff and volunteers throughout the United States and our five international affiliates are dedicated to advocacy, community engagement and our vision of a world without T1D. For more information, please visit or follow us on Twitter: @JDRF


Related Diabetes Articles from Brightsurf:

New diabetes medication reduced heart event risk in those with diabetes and kidney disease
Sotagliflozin - a type of medication known as an SGLT2 inhibitor primarily prescribed for Type 2 diabetes - reduces the risk of adverse cardiovascular events for patients with diabetes and kidney disease.

Diabetes drug boosts survival in patients with type 2 diabetes and COVID-19 pneumonia
Sitagliptin, a drug to lower blood sugar in type 2 diabetes, also improves survival in diabetic patients hospitalized with COVID-19, suggests a multicenter observational study in Italy.

Making sense of diabetes
Throughout her 38-year nursing career, Laurel Despins has progressed from a bedside nurse to a clinical nurse specialist and has worked in medical, surgical and cardiac intensive care units.

Helping teens with type 1 diabetes improve diabetes control with MyDiaText
Adolescence is a difficult period of development, made more complex for those with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).

Diabetes-in-a-dish model uncovers new insights into the cause of type 2 diabetes
Researchers have developed a novel 'disease-in-a-dish' model to study the basic molecular factors that lead to the development of type 2 diabetes, uncovering the potential existence of major signaling defects both inside and outside of the classical insulin signaling cascade, and providing new perspectives on the mechanisms behind insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes and possibly opportunities for the development of novel therapeutics for the disease.

Tele-diabetes to manage new-onset diabetes during COVID-19 pandemic
Two new case studies highlight the use of tele-diabetes to manage new-onset type 1 diabetes in an adult and an infant during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Genetic profile may predict type 2 diabetes risk among women with gestational diabetes
Women who go on to develop type 2 diabetes after having gestational, or pregnancy-related, diabetes are more likely to have particular genetic profiles, suggests an analysis by researchers at the National Institutes of Health and other institutions.

Maternal gestational diabetes linked to diabetes in children
Children and youth of mothers who had gestational diabetes during pregnancy are at increased risk of diabetes themselves, according to new research published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Two diabetes medications don't slow progression of type 2 diabetes in youth
In youth with impaired glucose tolerance or recent-onset type 2 diabetes, neither initial treatment with long-acting insulin followed by the drug metformin, nor metformin alone preserved the body's ability to make insulin, according to results published online June 25 in Diabetes Care.

People with diabetes visit the dentist less frequently despite link between diabetes, oral health
Adults with diabetes are less likely to visit the dentist than people with prediabetes or without diabetes, finds a new study led by researchers at NYU Rory Meyers College of Nursing and East Carolina University's Brody School of Medicine.

Read More: Diabetes News and Diabetes Current Events is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to