Stigmas of mental disorders will disappear in future

July 02, 1999

(Behaviour and genes)

Researchers in this week's BMJ predict that increased understanding of psychiatric conditions will improve public perception and acceptance of disorders such as depression, autism, schizophrenia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Peter McGuffin from the Institute of Psychiatry, London and Neilson Martin from the University of Wales College of Medicine say that improved understanding of the causes and mechanisms of mental disorders is likely to reduce stigma.

In a review outlining some of the basic concepts of the role genes and the environment in which we exist, play in determining human behaviour, the authors explain that by identifying and understanding the basic neurobiology of diseases the development of new and more specific drug treatments should be possible. They also suggest that by being able to predict whether someone will develop a psychiatric disorder may also lead to the development of both effective treatments and preventive methods, which, as yet, do not exist.

McGuffin and Martin report that it has sometimes been feared that 'geneticisation' could contribute to the stigma of mental disorder, and yet to date, experience has been just the opposite. Drawing on the example of Alzheimer's disease, now recognised as a disorder, they conclude that this will be the start of a trend of improved public perception of psychiatric conditions.
-end-
Contact:

Professor Peter McGuffin, Director, Social Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Research Centre, Kings College London, London p.mcguffin@iop.kcl.ac.uk



BMJ

Related Depression Articles from Brightsurf:

Children with social anxiety, maternal history of depression more likely to develop depression
Although researchers have known for decades that depression runs in families, new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York, suggests that children suffering from social anxiety may be at particular risk for depression in the future.

Depression and use of marijuana among US adults
This study examined the association of depression with cannabis use among US adults and the trends for this association from 2005 to 2016.

Maternal depression increases odds of depression in offspring, study shows
Depression in mothers during and after pregnancy increased the odds of depression in offspring during adolescence and adulthood by 70%.

Targeting depression: Researchers ID symptom-specific targets for treatment of depression
For the first time, physician-scientists at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center have identified two clusters of depressive symptoms that responded to two distinct neuroanatomical treatment targets in patients who underwent transcranial magnetic brain stimulation (TMS) for treatment of depression.

A biological mechanism for depression
Researchers report that in depressed individuals there are increased amounts of an unmodified structural protein, called tubulin, in lipid rafts compared with non-depressed individuals.

Depression in adults who are overweight or obese
In an analysis of primary care records of 519,513 UK adults who were overweight or obese between 2000-2016 and followed up until 2019, the incidence of new cases of depression was 92 per 10,000 people per year.

Why stress doesn't always cause depression
Rats susceptible to anhedonia, a core symptom of depression, possess more serotonin neurons after being exposed to chronic stress, but the effect can be reversed through amygdala activation, according to new research in JNeurosci.

Which comes first: Smartphone dependency or depression?
New research suggests a person's reliance on his or her smartphone predicts greater loneliness and depressive symptoms, as opposed to the other way around.

Depression breakthrough
Major depressive disorder -- referred to colloquially as the 'black dog' -- has been identified as a genetic cause for 20 distinct diseases, providing vital information to help detect and manage high rates of physical illnesses in people diagnosed with depression.

CPAP provides relief from depression
Researchers have found that continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) can improve depression symptoms in patients suffering from cardiovascular diseases.

Read More: Depression News and Depression Current Events
Brightsurf.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.