New study shows smoking lessens chances of IVF success

July 03, 2001

Lausanne, Switzerland: Smoking lessens the chance of successful IVF treatment and women should be actively encouraged to quit before undergoing IVF, delegates at the annual meeting of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology were told today. (Tuesday 3 July)

New research by a team from the Centre Hospitalier Intercommunal in Sèvres, France, has found that women who smoke more than 10 cigarettes a day had only a 15% chance of their embryo implanting in the uterus compared with a success rate of nearly 23% for non-smokers. Even smoking fewer than 10 cigarettes a day reduced the implantation rate to just over 20% although this difference between light smokers and non-smokers was not statistically significant.

In a study of 1,186 women undergoing IVF, 206 (17.4%) reported smoking more than 10 cigarettes a day and 138 women (11.6%) smoked under 10. The rest (71%) were non-smokers. The three groups were similar in all other respects.

Dr Joëlle Belaisch-Allart said that the implantation rate per embryo transferred was 22.7% for the non-smokers and 15.1% for women smoking more than 10 cigarettes a day.

"These data should lead us actively to discourage smoking among women before IVF treatment. The explanation may be that smoking causes vascular problems, which inhibit the embryo from implanting in the wall of the uterus," she said.

"We haven't so far refused treatment to smokers, but we do inform them at the monthly information meeting that if they smoke more than 10 cigarettes a day, for every egg that is retrieved they lessen their chance of pregnancy by seven per cent."
-end-
Abstract no: O-138

Further information:

Press Office: (Sunday 1 July -Wednesday 4 July)
Margaret Willson, Emma Mason, Janet Blümli
Tel: 41-21-643-33-33 or 41-21-643-33-32 or 41-21-643-33-23
Fax: 41-21-643-33-28

European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology

Related Smoking Articles from Brightsurf:

Smoking rates falling in adults, but stroke survivors' smoking rates remain steady
While the rate of Americans who smoke tobacco has fallen steadily over the last two decades, the rate of stroke survivors who smoke has not changed significantly.

What is your risk from smoking? Your network knows!
A new study from researchers at Penn's Annenberg School for Communication found that most people, smokers and non-smokers alike, were nowhere near accurate in their answers to questions about smoking's health effects.

Want to quit smoking? Partner up
Kicking the habit works best in pairs. That's the main message of a study presented today at EuroPrevent 2019, a scientific congress of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC).

Smoking and mortality in Asia
In this analysis of data from 20 studies conducted in China, Japan, South Korea, Singapore, Taiwan and India with more than 1 million participants, deaths associated with smoking continued to increase among men in Asia grouped by the years in which they were born.

Predictors of successfully quitting smoking among smokers registered at the quit smoking clinic at a public hospital in northeastern Malaysia
In the current issue of Family Medicine and Community Health, Nur Izzati Mohammad et al. consider how cigarette smoking is one of the risk factors leading to noncommunicable diseases such as cardiovascular and respiratory system diseases and cancer.

Restaurant and bar smoking bans do reduce smoking, especially among the highly educated
Smoking risk drops significantly in college graduates when they live near areas that have completely banned smoking in bars and restaurants, according to a new study in the American Journal of Epidemiology.

How the UK smoking ban increased wellbeing
Married women with children reported the largest increase in well-being following the smoking bans in the UK in 2006 and 2007 but there was no comparable increase for married men with children.

Smoking study personalizes treatment
A simple blood test is allowing Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) researchers to determine which patients should be prescribed varenicline (Chantix) to stop smoking and which patients could do just as well, and avoid side effects, by using a nicotine patch.

A biophysical smoking gun
While much about Alzheimer's disease remains a mystery, scientists do know that part of the disease's progression involves a normal protein called tau, aggregating to form ropelike inclusions within brain cells that eventually strangle the neurons.

A case where smoking helped
A mutation in the hemoglobin of a young woman in Germany was found to cause her mild anemia.

Read More: Smoking News and Smoking Current Events
Brightsurf.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.