Contribution of MOTs to road safety

July 10, 2018

The study 'Contribution of MOTs to road safety and the protection of citizens' health and the environment,' conducted by the Motor Vehicle Safety Institute 'Duque de Santomauro' of Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, reveals that the Ministry of Transport tests (MOTs) prevent 133 deaths, nearly 12,000 injuries of differing severity and at least 17,700 traffic accidents a year.

The report has been presented today on UC3M's Madrid-Puerta de Toledo Campus, an act which involved the professor and director of UC3M's department of Mechanical Engineering, Vicente Díaz, as well as the president of the Spanish Association of Collaborative Entities of MOT Administration (abbreviation in Spanish: AECA-ITV), Luis Ángel Gutiérrez Pando.

The study also points out that if all vehicles on the road in 2016 had passed these obligatory tests, 8800 accidents, more than 7000 injuries and 81 deaths could have additionally been avoided. In economic terms, this would have meant a saving of around 290 million euros.

This report, which is an update of a previous one from 2012 and now includes an exhaust emissions analysis, underlines that MOTs also reduce exposure to atmospheric pollutants, which could prevent around 406 premature deaths every year. In economic terms, this means a saving of 485 million euros (resulting from the avoidance of deaths caused by air pollution). To this figure we would also have to add another 330 million euros that MOTs contribute to road safety in different ways, according to the data released in the study.

For the development of this report, the ISVA of UC3M has evaluated 20.28% of the 13,575,378 MOT tests carried out nationally on cars; 21.55% of the 969,867 carried out on motorcycles and mopeds; and 6.68% of the total number of tests carried out on the 3,374,714 light vehicles intended for the transportation of goods.

Older vehicles are the most unsafe and present a high number of serious defects, especially in the areas of lights and indicators, followed by axles, wheels, tyres and suspension. Furthermore, they are also the most damaging to the environment.

AECA-ITV reminds us that this study has been fuelled by social concern due to the continuous increase in the number of traffic accidents (23% from 2012 to 2016), the impact of pollutants produced by vehicles on citizens' health and the environment, and how MOTs can contribute to reducing this figure by guaranteeing the correct state and maintenance of these vehicles.

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Related Health Articles from Brightsurf:

The mental health impact of pandemics for front line health care staff
New research shows the impact that pandemics have on the mental health of front-line health care staff.

Modifiable health risks linked to more than $730 billion in US health care costs
Modifiable health risks, such as obesity, high blood pressure, and smoking, were linked to over $730 billion in health care spending in the US in 2016, according to a study published in The Lancet Public Health.

New measure of social determinants of health may improve cardiovascular health assessment
The authors of this study developed a single risk score derived from multiple social determinants of health that predicts county-level cardiovascular disease mortality.

BU study: High deductible health plans are widening racial health gaps
The growing Black Lives Matter movement has brought more attention to the myriad structures that reinforce racial inequities, in everything from policing to hiring to maternal mortality.

Electronic health information exchange improves public health disease reporting
Disease tracking is an important area of focus for health departments in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic.

E-health resource improves men's health behaviours with or without fitness facilities
Men who regularly used a free web resource made significantly more health changes than men who did not, finds a new study from the University of British Columbia and Intensions Consulting.

Mental health outcomes among health care workers during COVID-19 pandemic in Italy
Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety and insomnia among health care workers in Italy during the COVID-19 pandemic are reported in this observational study.

Mental health of health care workers in china in hospitals with patients with COVID-19
This survey study of almost 1,300 health care workers in China at 34 hospitals equipped with fever clinics or wards for patients with COVID-19 reports on their mental health outcomes, including symptoms of depression, anxiety, insomnia and distress.

Health records pin broad set of health risks on genetic premutation
Researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and Marshfield Clinic have found that there may be a much broader health risk to carriers of the FMR1 premutation, with potentially dozens of clinical conditions that can be ascribed directly to carrying it.

Attitudes about health affect how older adults engage with negative health news
To get older adults to pay attention to important health information, preface it with the good news about their health.

Read More: Health News and Health Current Events is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to