ASU law professor receives NIH grant

July 11, 2003

Gary Marchant, Professor of Law and Executive Director of the Center for Law, Science and Technology at the College of Law at Arizona State University has been awarded a $500,000 grant over two years from the National Institutes of Health to analyze the legal, ethical and policy effects that sequencing the human genome will have on federal environmental policy and regulation.

Professor Marchant said, "Mapping the human genome will cause an explosion in man's knowledge of genetic factors that affect individual human susceptibility to environmental pollution. The law needs to adjust and expand to meet this explosion. With this grant we will start what surely will be a long-term legal effort to catch-up with this emerging knowledge."

Professor Marchant will be lead a team that includes Dr. Andrew Askland, Director of the Center for Law, Science and Technology, Dr. Richard Sharp of the Baylor College of Medicine and Jamie Grodsky, Associate Professor of Law at the University of Minnesota Law School.

The study will focus on four specific areas: Finally, with the information developed from these analyses, the team will develop criteria for using data about the human genome in environmental regulation.

"New genetic knowledge has revealed that we are all individually unique in how we respond to foreign materials entering our bodies, whether they be industrial chemicals, pollutants, drugs, foods or viruses", Professor Marchant said. "The way we regulate the environment will have to be revised to take account of our new ability to identify those who are most likely to be adversely affected by particular environmental exposures and those who are not."

Professor Marchant received both undergraduate and doctoral degrees in genetics from the University of British Columbia. He also earned a master's in public policy from the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard and a juris doctor from Harvard Law School where he was Editor-in-Chief of the Harvard Journal of Law & Technology and editor of the Harvard Environmental Law Review. Before joining the College of Law, he was a partner in the Washington office of Kirkland & Ellis, where he practiced environmental law. Currently, he teaches environmental law and a course entitled "Law & Genetics" at the College.
The National Institutes of Health is an agency within the federal Department of Health and Human Services. It is composed of a number of Institutes, two of which, the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences and the National Human Genome Research Institute, are funding Professor Marchant's study. The over-all goal of the National Institutes of Health is to provide knowledge that will improve the public's health. This fiscal year, Congress appropriated approximately $23.4 billion to conduct research in its laboratories, support research at universities and health related institutions and foster communication of medical information.

Arizona State University

Related Human Genome Articles from Brightsurf:

240 mammals help us understand the human genome
A large international consortium led by scientists at Uppsala University and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard has sequenced the genome of 130 mammals and analysed the data together with 110 existing genomes to allow scientist to identify which are the important positions in the DNA.

The National Human Genome Research Institute publishes new vision for human genomics
The National Human Genome Research Institute this week published its 'Strategic vision for improving human health at The Forefront of Genomics' in the journal Nature.

Interpreting the human genome's instruction manual
Berkeley Lab bioscientists are part of a nationwide research project, called ENCODE, that has generated a detailed atlas of the molecular elements that regulate our genes.

3-D shape of human genome essential for robust inflammatory response
The three-dimensional structure of the human genome is essential for providing a rapid and robust inflammatory response but is surprisingly not vital for reprogramming one cell type into another.

The genome of chimpanzees and gorillas could help to better understand human tumors
A new study by researchers from the Institute of Evolutionary Biology (IBE), a joint center of UPF and the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), shows that, surprisingly, the distribution of mutations in human tumors is more similar to that of chimpanzees and gorillas than that of humans.

It's in our genome: Uncovering clues to longevity from human genetics
Researchers from Osaka University found that high blood pressure and obesity are the strongest factors reducing lifespan based on genetic and clinical information of 700,000 patients in the UK, Finland and Japan.

New limits to functional portion of human genome reported
An evolutionary biologist at the University of Houston has published new calculations that indicate no more than 25 percent of the human genome is functional.

Synthesizing the human genome from scratch
For the past 15 years, synthetic biologists have been figuring out how to synthesize an organism's complete set of DNA, including all of its genes.

Science and legal experts debate future uses and impact of human genome editing in Gender & the Genome
Precise, economical genome editing tools such as CRISPR have made it possible to make targeted changes in genes, which could be applied to human embryos to correct mutations, prevent disease, or alter traits.

Evolution purged many Neanderthal genes from human genome
Neanderthal genetic material is found in only small amounts in the genomes of modern humans because, after interbreeding, natural selection removed large numbers of weakly deleterious Neanderthal gene variants, according to a study by Ivan Juric and colleagues at the University of California, Davis, published Nov.

Read More: Human Genome News and Human Genome Current Events is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to