Nav: Home

BUSM researchers find link between childhood abuse and age at menarche

July 27, 2012

(Boston) - Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) have found an association between childhood physical and sexual abuse and age at menarche. The findings are published online in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Researchers led by corresponding author, Renée Boynton-Jarrett, MD, assistant professor of pediatrics at BUSM, found a 49 percent increase in risk for early onset menarche (menstrual periods prior to age 11 years) among women who reported childhood sexual abuse compared to those who were not abused. In addition, there was a 50 percent increase in risk for late onset menarche (menstrual periods after age 15 years) among women who reported severe physical abuse in childhood. The participants in the study included 68,505 women enrolled in the Nurses' Health Study II, a prospective cohort study.

"In our study child abuse was associated with both accelerated and delayed age at menarche and importantly, these associations vary by type of abuse, which suggest that child abuse does not have a homogenous effect on health outcomes," said Boynton-Jarrett. "There is a need for future research to explore characteristics of child abuse that may influence health outcomes including type, timing and severity of abuse, as well as the social context in which the abuse occurs."

Child abuse is associated with a significant health burden over the life course. Early menarche has been associated with risks such as cardiovascular disease, metabolic dysfunction, cancer and depression, while late menarche has been associated with lower bone mineral density and depression.

"We need to work toward better understanding how child abuse influences health and translate these research findings into clinical practice and public health strategies to improve the well-being of survivors of child abuse," added Boynton-Jarrett.
-end-
This research was supported by the William T Grant Foundation, the Charles Hood Foundation, and the Building Interdisciplinary Research Careers in Women's Health K12 HD043444 NIH Office of Women's Health Research funded data analysis, manuscript preparation. The Nurses' Health Study II is supported by Public Health Service grant CA50385 from the National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Nurses‟ Mothers‟ Cohort Study was funded by the Intramural Research Program of the National Cancer Institute, Research Contract N02-RC-17027 from the National Cancer Institute, and by P.O. 263 MQ 411027 from the National Cancer Institute. The 2001 supplemental violence assessment questionnaire was funded by R01 HL064108.

Boston University Medical Center

Related Cardiovascular Disease Articles:

Is educational attainment associated with lifetime risk of cardiovascular disease?
Men and women with the lowest education level had higher lifetime risks of cardiovascular disease than those with the highest education level, according to a new study published by JAMA Internal Medicine.
Food policies could lower US cardiovascular disease rates
New research conducted by the University of Liverpool and partners shows that food policies, such as fruit and vegetable subsidies, taxes on sugar sweetened drinks, and mass media campaigns to change dietary habits, could avert hundreds of thousands of deaths from cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the United States.
Cardiovascular disease causes one-third of deaths worldwide
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD), including heart diseases and stroke, account for one-third of deaths throughout the world, according to a new scientific study that examined every country over the past 25 years.
Kidney disease is a major cause of cardiovascular deaths
In 2013, reduced kidney function was associated with 4 percent of deaths worldwide, or 2.2 million deaths.
Cardiovascular disease costs will exceed $1 trillion by 2035
A new study projects that by 2035, cardiovascular disease, the most costly and prevalent killer, if left unchecked, will place a crushing economic and health burden on the nation's financial and health care systems.
Prescribing drugs for cardiovascular disease prevention in the UK
Drugs such as statins that have the potential to prevent strokes and other types of cardiovascular disease have not been prescribed to a large proportion of people at risk in the UK, according to a research article by Grace Turner of the University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK and colleagues published in PLOS Medicine.
Fatty liver disease contributes to cardiovascular disease and vice versa
For the first time, researchers have shown that a bi-directional relationship exists between fatty liver disease and cardiovascular disease.
More dietary calcium may lower risk of cardiovascular disease
In older people, higher dietary calcium intake may lower the risk of cardiovascular disease, but not of stroke and fracture, new research from South Korea suggests.
Renal hemodynamics and cardiovascular function in health and disease
The SRC will focus on unpublished work that is state-of-the-art in study of cardiovascular and renal disease and hypertension.
Cardiovascular disease in adult survivors of childhood cancer
For adult survivors of childhood cancer, cardiovascular disease presents at an earlier age, is associated with substantial morbidity, and is often asymptomatic.

Related Cardiovascular Disease Reading:

Pathophysiology of Heart Disease: A Collaborative Project of Medical Students and Faculty
by Leonard S. Lilly MD (Author)

Publisher’s Note:   Products purchased from 3rd Party sellers are not guaranteed by the Publisher for quality, authenticity, or access to any online entitlements included with the product.

Specifically designed to prepare medical students for their initial encounters with patients with heart disease, this award-winning text bridges basic cardiac physiology with clinical care. Written by internationally recognized Harvard Medical School faculty and select medical students, Pathophysiology of Heart Disease, Sixth Edition provides a solid foundation of knowledge... View Details


Reverse Heart Disease Now: Stop Deadly Cardiovascular Plaque Before It's Too Late
by Stephen T. Sinatra (Author), James C. Roberts (Author), Martin Zucker (Contributor)

While most books focus solely on the role of cholesterol in heart disease, Reverse Heart Disease Now draws on new research that points to the surprising other causes. Two leading cardiologists draw on their collective fifty years of clinical cardiology research to show you how to combine the benefits of modern medicine, over-the-counter vitamins and supplements, and simple lifestyle changes to have a healthy heart. View Details


Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 2-Volume Set, 10e
by Douglas L. Mann MD (Author), Douglas P. Zipes MD (Author), Peter Libby MD PhD (Author), Robert O. Bonow MD MS (Author)

2015 BMA Medical Book Awards 1st Prize Award Winner in Cardiology Category! Ideal for cardiologists who need to keep abreast of rapidly changing scientific foundations, clinical research results, and evidence-based medicine, Braunwald’s Heart Disease is your indispensable source for definitive, state-of-the-art answers on every aspect of contemporary cardiology. It helps you apply the most recent knowledge in personalized medicine, imaging techniques, pharmacology, interventional cardiology, electrophysiology, and much more!

In keeping with the... View Details


Cardiovascular Disease: Fight it with the Blood Type Diet: The Individualized Plan for Treating Heart Conditions, High Blood Pressure, High ... (Eat Right 4 (for) Your Type Health Library)
by Dr. Peter J. D'Adamo (Author), Catherine Whitney (Author)

Dr. Peter J. D'Adamo, the author of the Eat Right 4 (for) Your Blood Type Diet series, with more than two million copies in print, has now created a targeted plan for fighting arthritis and cardiovascular disease. Using specific tools not available in any other book, sufferers can find their own, individualized battle plan for defeating the pain of these debilitating diseases.

Here, D'Adamo offers individualized battle plans for preventing and treating heart conditions, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, vascular problems, and angina.

View Details


Manual of Cardiovascular Medicine
by Brian P. Griffin MD FACC (Author)

Inside the Fourth Edition of the Manual of Cardiovascular Medicine, you’ll find practical and effective approaches to common clinical syndromes—including clear guidance on administration of commonly prescribed medications and descriptions of proven therapeutic procedures. This best selling manual’s concise outline format and colorful design make essential facts easy to find. An ideal reference for the resident, fellow, practicing cardiologist, or nurse-practitioner treating patients with cardiovascular disease. 

 Skill-building features... View Details


Atlas of Congenital Heart Disease Nomenclature: An Illustrated Guide to the Van Praagh and Anderson Approaches to Describing Congenital Cardiac Pathology
by David S. Ezon MD (Author), Jason F. Goldberg MD (Author), William B. Kyle MD (Author)

The Atlas of Congenital Heart Disease Nomenclature uses detailed illustrations and easy to read, bulleted text to instruct readers on the proper way to describe congenital cardiac pathology according to Dr. Richard Van Praagh and Dr. Robert H. Anderson. This groundbreaking resource is the first collaboration between the two anatomists that establishes the correct approach to both nomenclature systems. Each entry was edited by Dr. Van Praagh and Dr. Anderson themselves. Additionally, the text includes essays written by Dr. Van Praagh and Dr. Anderson in their own words to describe their... View Details


Epidemiology And Prevention Of Cardiovascular Diseases: A Global Challenge
by Darwin R. Labarthe (Author)

This book provides a comprehensive epidemiological perspective on cardiovascular diseases and analysis of measures for their prevention and control in community and clinical settings. Perfect for both students and practitioners, the second edition includes over 300 tables, figures, and exhibits; and has been thoroughly updated to reflect the most recent research in the field. Epidemiology and Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease: A Global Challenge, Second Edition provides an in-depth examination of epidemiologic research and prevention measures for the full range of cardiovascular diseases... View Details


Women and Cardiovascular Disease: Addressing Disparities in Care
by Kevin R Campbell (Author)

Cardiovascular disease is the number one killer of both men and women in the Us and Europe today. Over the last 20 years, many innovations in technology have allowed for improved therapies for heart attack and stroke and overall outcomes have significantly improved. Death rates from cardiovascular disease in men are declining. However, even with these improvements in care, death rates for women remain unchanged. This book will explore these gender disparities in care in depth - specific sections will be devoted to answering the questions of why they are occurring and what healthcare providers... View Details


Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 2-Volume Set: Expert Consult Premium Edition – Enhanced Online Features and Print, 9e (Heart Disease (Braunwald) (2 Vols))
by Robert O. Bonow MD MS (Author), Douglas L. Mann MD (Author), Douglas P. Zipes MD (Author), Peter Libby MD PhD (Author)

Braunwald’s Heart Disease remains your indispensable source for definitive, state-of-the-art answers on every aspect of contemporary cardiology. Edited by Drs. Robert O. Bonow, Douglas L. Mann, Douglas P. Zipes, and Peter Libby, this dynamic, multimedia reference helps you apply the most recent knowledge in molecular biology and genetics, imaging, pharmacology, interventional cardiology, electrophysiology, and much more. Weekly updates online, personally selected by Dr. Braunwald, continuously keep you current on the most important new developments affecting your practice. Enhanced... View Details


Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, Single Volume, 8e (Heart Disease (Braunwald) (Single Vol))
by Peter Libby MD PhD (Author), Robert O. Bonow MD MS (Author), Douglas L. Mann MD (Author), Douglas P. Zipes MD (Author)

Dr. Braunwald's masterwork returns ... bringing you the definitive guidance you need to overcome any challenge in clinical cardiology today, using the best approaches available! Hundreds of world authorities, many of them new to this edition, synthesize all of the recent developments that are revolutionizing practice - from the newest findings in molecular biology and genetics to the latest imaging modalities, interventional procedures, and medications. The expertise of the book's contributors, the scope of its coverage, and its richly illustrated, user-friendly format all make this the... View Details

Best Science Podcasts 2017

We have hand picked the best science podcasts for 2017. Sit back and enjoy new science podcasts updated daily from your favorite science news services and scientists.
Now Playing: TED Radio Hour

Manipulation
We think we're the ones who control what we see, read, think and remember. But is that true? Who decides? And who should decide? This hour, TED speakers reveal just how easily we can be manipulated. Guests include design ethicist Tristan Harris, MSNBC host Ali Velshi, psychologist Elizabeth Loftus, and neuroscientist Steve Ramirez.
Now Playing: Science for the People

#444 The V-Word (Rebroadcast)
This week, we're looking at the social and biological science of female sex organs. We'll talk to Dr. Anthony Atala, director of the Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center Institute for Regenerative Medicine, about the creation and use of lab-grown vaginas. Biology professor Marie Herberstein exposes the bias against female genitalia in scientific studies. And science writer Emily Anthes tells us about the history and promising future of female condoms.