Nav: Home

Study: Group yoga improves motor function and balance long after stroke

July 27, 2012

INDIANAPOLIS -- Group yoga can improve motor function and balance in stroke survivors, even if they don't begin yoga until six months or more after the stroke, according to "Post-Stroke Balance Improves With Yoga: A Pilot Study," published online July 26 in the journal Stroke.

Forty-seven older adults, three-quarters of whom were male, participated in the study. They were divided into three sections: One section engaged in twice-weekly group yoga for eight weeks; the second section met twice weekly for group yoga and was provided with a relaxation audio recording to use at least three times weekly; and the third section received usual medical care that included no rehabilitation.

The yoga classes, taught by a registered yoga therapist, included modified yoga postures, relaxation and meditation. Classes grew more challenging each week.

Improvement in balance was statistically significant and clinically meaningful. It was also greater than previously found by other post-stroke exercise trials. Study participants reported they increasingly attempted new activities in different, more challenging environments and, while aware of potential fall risk, grew confident in maintaining their balance.

"For patients, like those in our study, natural recovery and acute rehabilitation therapy typically ends after six or, less frequently, 12 months," said Regenstrief Institute investigator Arlene Schmid, Ph.D., OTR, a rehabilitation research scientist with the Center of Excellence on Implementing Evidence-Based Practice at the Richard Roudebush VA Medical Center and assistant professor of occupational therapy at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, who led the study. "We found that yoga exercises significantly extended rehabilitation beyond the first year after stroke."

Yoga may be more therapeutic than traditional exercise because the combination of postures, breathing and meditation may produce different effects than simple exercise, according to Dr. Schmid, who plans to further study the effectiveness of group yoga to improve balance, quality of life and participation in everyday activities. She notes that yoga's mind-body connection may be what makes it more powerful and engaging than other strengthening exercise.
-end-
In addition to Dr. Schmid, co-authors of the study are Marieke Van Puymbroeck, Ph.D., CTRS, of Indiana University; Peter A. Altenburger, Ph.D., P.T., of IUPUI; Nancy L. Schalk, registered yoga teacher, of Heartland Yoga Therapy; Tracy A. Dierks, Ph.D., of IUPUI; Kristine K. Miller, P.T. of the Roudebush VA and IUPUI; Teresa M. Damush, Ph.D.; Dawn M. Bravata, M.D.; and Linda S. Williams, M.D. Regenstrief Institute investigators Damush, Bravata and Williams are research scientists with the Center of Excellence on Implementing Evidence-Based Practice at the Richard Roudebush VA Medical Center.

The study was funded by the VA Quality Enhancement Research Initiative, or QUERI.

Indiana University School of Medicine

Related Stroke Articles:

Retraining the brain to see after stroke
A new study out today in Neurology, provides the first evidence that rigorous visual training restores rudimentary sight in patients who went partially blind after suffering a stroke, while patients who did not train continued to get progressively worse.
Catheter ablations reduce risks of stroke in heart patients with stroke history, study finds
Atrial fibrillation patients with a prior history of stroke who undergo catheter ablation to treat the abnormal heart rhythm lower their long-term risk of a recurrent stroke by 50 percent, according to new research from the Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute.
Imaging stroke risk in 4-D
A new MRI technique developed at Northwestern University detects blood flow velocity to identify who is most at risk for stroke, so they can be treated accordingly.
Biomarkers may help better predict who will have a stroke
People with high levels of four biomarkers in the blood may be more likely to develop a stroke than people with low levels of the biomarkers, according to a study published in the Aug.
Pre-stroke risk factors influence long-term future stroke, dementia risk
If you had heart disease risk factors, such as high blood pressure, before your first stoke, your risk of suffering subsequent strokes and dementia long after your initial stroke may be higher.
Intervention methods of stroke need to focus on prevention for blacks to reduce stroke mortality
Blacks are four times more likely than their white counterparts to die from stroke at age 45.
Study shows area undamaged by stroke remains so, regardless of time stroke is left untreated
A study led by Achala Vagal, M.D., associate professor at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and a UC Health radiologist, looked at a group of untreated acute stroke patients and found that there was no evidence of time dependence on damage outcomes for the penumbra, or tissue that is at risk of progressing to dead tissue but is still salvageable if blood flow is returned in a stroke, but rather an association with collateral flow -- or rerouting of blood through clear vessels.
Immediate aspirin after mini-stroke substantially reduces risk of major stroke
Using aspirin urgently could substantially reduce the risk of major strokes in patients who have minor 'warning' events.
SAGE launches the European Stroke Journal with the European Stroke Organisation
SAGE, a world leading independent and academic publisher, is delighted to announce the launch of the European Stroke Journal, the flagship journal of the European Stroke Organisation.
The S-stroke or I-stroke?
The year 2016 is an Olympic year. Developments in high-performance swimwear for swimming continue to advance, along with other areas of scientific research.

Related Stroke Reading:

My Stroke of Insight: A Brain Scientist's Personal Journey
by Jill Bolte Taylor (Author)

The astonishing New York Times bestseller that chronicles how a brain scientist's own stroke led to enlightenment

On December 10, 1996, Jill Bolte Taylor, a thirty-seven- year-old Harvard-trained brain scientist experienced a massive stroke in the left hemisphere of her brain. As she observed her mind deteriorate to the point that she could not walk, talk, read, write, or recall any of her life-all within four hours-Taylor alternated between the euphoria of the intuitive and kinesthetic right brain, in which she felt a sense of complete well-being and peace, and the... View Details


Stronger After Stroke: Your Roadmap to Recovery, 2nd Edition
by Peter G. Levine (Author)

Stronger After Stroke puts the power of recovery in the reader's hands by providing simple-to-follow instructions for reaching the highest possible level of recovery. Basic concepts covered include repetition of task-specific practice, proper scheduling of practice, setting goals and measuring recovery.

Sections new to the second edition cover the latest research from neuroscience, treatments for recovering sensation as well as recovery strategies for the young stroke survivor. Also included is a breakdown of the phases of recovery and how these phases can provide structure... View Details


Stroke: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Management, 6e
by James C. Grotta MD (Author), Gregory W Albers MD (Author), Joseph P Broderick MD (Author), Scott E Kasner MD MSCE FRCP (Author), Eng H. Lo PhD (Author), A David Mendelow MB BCh FRCS PhD (Author), Ralph L Sacco MD MS FAHA FAAN (Author), Lawrence KS Wong MD FRCP (Author)

Offered in print, online, and downloadable formats, this updated edition of Stroke: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Management delivers convenient access to the latest research findings and management approaches for cerebrovascular disease. Picking up from where J. P. Mohr and colleagues left off, a new team of editors ― Drs. Grotta, Albers, Broderick, Kasner, Lo, Mendelow, Sacco, and Wong ― head the sixth edition of this classic text, which is authored by the world’s foremost stroke experts.

Comprehensive, expert clinical guidance... View Details


The Strokes: The First Ten Years
by Cody Smyth (Author), Gabriel Kuo (Editor), Mick Rock (Editor)

“The recollections in The First Ten Years are so personal and intimate that you feel like you’re being let into one of the band’s old basement hangs at 2A. . . . The book’s biggest treats aren’t the sweaty, sultry shots of shows at Don Hill’s, Irving Plaza, Bowery Ballroom, and Hammerstein Ballroom; they’re the snaps of the guys during their high school years in the mid-’90s, looking like typical grunge fanboys.” ―Bedford and Bowery

"Cody's been with us since the very beginning―always a motivator, forever a friend. Along the way he... View Details


Puzzles for Stroke Patients
by Kalman Toth (Author)

#1 Best Seller puzzle book for stroke patients to recover the brain functions. Customer: "Great gift for my mom!!!" Word & math puzzles are recommended for patients by doctors, speech & cognitive therapists to rebuild mental abilities in language & logic. Puzzles are essential for brain rehabilitation. Neurologist: “For stroke victims, I suggest word-guess puzzles because they can’t really do the New York Times Sunday magazine crossword puzzle.” Another word-based puzzles, word search puzzles, help to reestablish visual quickness. In addition to word puzzles, the provided shopping math... View Details


Stroke For Dummies
by John R. Marler (Author)

Features tons of advice for recovery and rehabilitation

Get the latest on the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of stroke

Have questions and concerns about strokes? This reassuring guide provides invaluable information for stroke victims and their loved ones, from what a stroke is and what it feels like to proven treatments and therapies. You'll see how to implement a plan for preventing stroke, treat the lingering effects of stroke, and maximize home caregiver effectiveness while minimizing fatigue.

Discover how to:

Understand what causes different... View Details


Healing the Broken Brain: Leading Experts Answer 100 Questions about Stroke Recovery
by Dr. Mike Dow (Author), David Dow (Author), Megan Sutton CCC-SLP (Contributor)

If you’re holding this book, it likely means you or someone you love has had a stroke. Dealing with the onslaught of information about stroke can be confusing and overwhelming. And if you happen to be a stroke survivor with newly impaired language skills, it can be especially hard to comprehend everything your doctors, nurses, and specialists are telling you.

This book consists of the top 100 questions that survivors and their families ask, with answers from the top physicians and therapists in the country. The questions start out basic but then get more specific to address... View Details


Broad Strokes: 15 Women Who Made Art and Made History (in That Order)
by Bridget Quinn (Author), Lisa Congdon (Illustrator)

Historically, major women artists have been excluded from the mainstream art canon. Aligned with the resurgence of feminism in pop culture, Broad Strokes offers an entertaining corrective to that omission. Art historian Bridget Quinn delves into the lives and careers of 15 brilliant female artists in text that's smart, feisty, educational, and an enjoyable read. Replete with beautiful reproductions of the artists' works and contemporary portraits of each artist by renowned illustrator Lisa Congdon, this is art history from 1600 to the present day for the modern art lover, reader, and... View Details


Stroke Certification Study Guide for Nurses: Q&A Review for Exam Success
by Kathy Morrison MSN RN CNRN SCRN (Author)

This sought-after companion to the author’s popular Fast Facts for Stroke Care Nursing is a must-have study guide for nurses seeking Stroke Certified Registered Nurse (SCRN®) status. It contains comprehensive information about the exam, answers to commonly asked questions, and savvy tips for maximizing your score, along with 300 practice questions and answers with rationales.

Designed to prepare nurses for the multiple-choice format of the certification exam, questions are arranged in chapters correlating with the logical sequence and flow of the exam and reflect the... View Details


Caplan's Stroke: A Clinical Approach
by Louis R. Caplan (Editor)

This updated, revised and expanded fifth edition of the market-leading clinical guide on stroke covers causes, prevention, clinical features, evaluation, and management in a comprehensive yet accessible manner. While it retains the uniform organization, accessible style, and patient-oriented focus of previous editions, its scope has been extended to cover the most recent research, providing a fully up-to-date account of the features of cerebrovascular disease, stroke syndromes, complications, and recovery and rehabilitation. Joined by an international team of experts in the field, Caplan... View Details

Best Science Podcasts 2017

We have hand picked the best science podcasts for 2017. Sit back and enjoy new science podcasts updated daily from your favorite science news services and scientists.
Now Playing: TED Radio Hour

Going Undercover
Are deception and secrecy categorically wrong? Or can they be a necessary means to an end? This hour, TED speakers share stories of going undercover to explore unknown territory, and find the truth. Guests include poet and activist Theo E.J. Wilson, journalist Jamie Bartlett, counter-terrorism expert Mubin Shaikh, and educator Shabana Basij-Rasikh.
Now Playing: Science for the People

#452 Face Recognition and Identity
This week we deep dive into the science of how we recognize faces and why some of us are better -- or worse -- at this than others. We talk with Brad Duchaine, Professor of Psychology at Dartmouth College, about both super recognizers and face blindness. And we speak with Matteo Martini, Psychology Lecturer at the University of East London, about a study looking at twins who have difficulty telling which one of them a photo was of. Charity Links: Union of Concerned Scientists Evidence For Democracy Sense About Science American Association for the Advancement of Science Association for Women...