Nav: Home

Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, August 1, 2000

July 31, 2000

Physicians should prescribe sterile needles, writers say

Sterile needles prevent spread of diseases such as AIDS and the hepatitis viruses among injection drug users and their families. Authors argue that prescribing and dispensing injection equipment is ethical and clinically appropriate and in most states is legal (Perspective, p. 218). They say that physicians should prescribe this equipment for appropriate patients and, where the practice is illegal, work to change these laws. Smoking is a risk for developing type 2 diabetes

A prospective cohort study of 1,266 men found that the number of cigarettes smoked daily and the number of years smokers smoked was associated with development of impaired fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes (Article, p. 183). Drugs that promote reflux may increase risk for an esophageal cancer

A study of the relationship between drugs that relax the lower esophageal sphincter and allow gastroesophageal reflux, or backward flow of stomach fluid, found that daily, long-term use of the drugs was a risk factor for esophageal adenocarcinoma, a cancer that is increasing among men in the Western world (Article, p. 165). The authors say that the increment in absolute risk to individual patients is small, and the risk must be weighed against the therapeutic benefits of the drugs, which may be substantial. An editorial says that "medical practice will probably not be affected by the findings," but that the increase in cases of esophageal adenocarcinoma and the link between the cancer and gastroesophageal reflux need careful watching (Editorial, p. 227).
Annals of Internal Medicine is published by the American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine (ACP-ASIM), an organization of more than 115,000 physicians trained in internal medicine. The previous highlights are not intended to substitute for articles as sources of information. For an embargoed fax of an article, call 800-523-1546, ext. 2656 or 215-351-2656. Full content of the issue is available on the Internet at on August 1, 2000.

American College of Physicians

Related Diabetes Articles:

The role of vitamin A in diabetes
There has been no known link between diabetes and vitamin A -- until now.
Can continuous glucose monitoring improve diabetes control in patients with type 1 diabetes who inject insulin
Two studies in the Jan. 24/31 issue of JAMA find that use of a sensor implanted under the skin that continuously monitors glucose levels resulted in improved levels in patients with type 1 diabetes who inject insulin multiple times a day, compared to conventional treatment.
Complications of type 2 diabetes affect quality of life, care can lead to diabetes burnout
T2D Lifestyle, a national survey by Health Union of more than 400 individuals experiencing type 2 diabetes (T2D), reveals that patients not only struggle with commonly understood complications, but also numerous lesser known ones that people do not associate with diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes and obesity -- what do we really know?
Social and economic factors have led to a dramatic rise in type 2 diabetes and obesity around the world.
A better way to predict diabetes
An international team of researchers has discovered a simple, accurate new way to predict which women with gestational diabetes will develop type 2 diabetes after delivery.
More Diabetes News and Diabetes Current Events

Best Science Podcasts 2019

We have hand picked the best science podcasts for 2019. Sit back and enjoy new science podcasts updated daily from your favorite science news services and scientists.
Now Playing: TED Radio Hour

Teaching For Better Humans
More than test scores or good grades — what do kids need to prepare them for the future? This hour, guest host Manoush Zomorodi and TED speakers explore how to help children grow into better humans, in and out of the classroom. Guests include educators Olympia Della Flora and Liz Kleinrock, psychologist Thomas Curran, and writer Jacqueline Woodson.
Now Playing: Science for the People

#534 Bacteria are Coming for Your OJ
What makes breakfast, breakfast? Well, according to every movie and TV show we've ever seen, a big glass of orange juice is basically required. But our morning grapefruit might be in danger. Why? Citrus greening, a bacteria carried by a bug, has infected 90% of the citrus groves in Florida. It's coming for your OJ. We'll talk with University of Maryland plant virologist Anne Simon about ways to stop the citrus killer, and with science writer and journalist Maryn McKenna about why throwing antibiotics at the problem is probably not the solution. Related links: A Review of the Citrus Greening...