The River Odra mouth area's biological diversity explained in new open access books

August 04, 2013

According to Greenpeace, one of the biggest single threats to marine ecosystems today is overfishing. It is a global phenomenon, frequently resulting in elimination of the species, followed by advanced environmental degradation and irreversible biological damage. The continuous resource depletion has led to a realization that the fisheries policy and governance have to be rooted in the ecosystem context. Healthy aquatic ecosystems are those where human disturbances have not impaired the natural functioning nor appreciably altered the character of the system. During the last two decades, the concept of the 'Ecosystem-Based Fishery Management' has been recognised worldwide. It requires the development of models as one of the major activities indispensable for effective policy of sustainable management of aquatic ecosystems.

In their book, "The Szczecin Lagoon Ecosystem.The Biotic Community of the Great Lagoon and its Food Web Model" -- to be published this summer by Versita, the Polish biologists Norbert Wolnomiejski and Zbigniew Witek offer a comprehensive assessment of the Great Lagoon's environment and biota, presenting a multifaceted analysis of the Lagoon's ecosystem. The authors summarise the results of a five-year study of a particularly complex environmental system, where simultaneous influences of fluvial and marine environments are combined with exceptionally strong anthropopressure. The obtained image of the structure and functioning of the Great Lagoon is compared to studies of other estuary ecosystems in the world, based on a thorough analysis of related literature.

Aquatic ecosystem health is important to humans since everything is connected, and when an ecosystem is out of balance, humans will eventually begin to suffer as well. Our health and many of our activities are dependent on the health of aquatic ecosystems. Most of the water that we drink is taken from lakes or rivers. If the lake or river system is unhealthy, the water may be unsafe to drink or unsuitable for industry, agriculture, or recreation. The authors discuss how the Integrated Coastal Zone Management Plan for the Szczecin Lagoon should thus be implemented. The project, set to enhance the chances of appropriate use of the natural resources of the area, particularly fish, should act as an aid to rational actions aimed at water quality improvement, in line with ecological, societal, and economic interests of the entire River Odra mouth area.

According to Professor Ryszard Kornijów from National Marine Fisheries Research Institute, in Gdynia (Poland): "The book constitutes a valuable source of information for institutions dealing with environmental protection, and those providing business and investment activity in the study area, using the natural resources of the Lagoon."

This comprehensive study of the large brackish water body on the border between Germany and Poland has also been applauded by Prof. Jan Marcin Węsławski from The Institute of Oceanology of the Polish Academy of Sciences for its "unique and detailed data archeology". Due to the comprehensive analysis, the book will secure the use among hydrobiologists as well as specialists in the field of aquatic ecosystem ecology, scientific employees, and students of environmental majors.

De Gruyter Open

Related Ecosystem Articles from Brightsurf:

Breast cancer 'ecosystem' reveals possible new targets for treatment
Garvan researchers have used cellular genomics to uncover promising therapy targets for triple negative breast cancer.

Unparalleled inventory of the human gut ecosystem
Scientists gathered and published over 200 000 genomes from the human gut microbiome.

Cycad plants provide an important 'ecosystem service'
A study published in the June 2020 edition of the peer-reviewed journal Horticulturae shows that cycads, which are in decline and among the world's most threatened group of plants, provide an important service to their neighboring organisms.

More ecosystem engineers create stability, preventing extinctions
Biological builders like beavers, elephants, and shipworms re-engineer their environments.

Ecosystem degradation could raise risk of pandemics
Environmental destruction may make pandemics more likely and less manageable, new research suggests.

Improving the operation and performance of Wi-Fi networks for the 5G/6G ecosystem
An article published in the advanced online edition of the journal Computer Communications shows that the use of machine learning can improve the operation and performance of the Wi-Fi networks of the future, those of the 5G/6G ecosystem.

A lost world and extinct ecosystem
The field study site of Pinnacle Point, South Africa, sits at the center of the earliest evidence for symbolic behavior, complex pyrotechnology, projectile weapons, and the first use of foods from the sea, both geographically and scientifically, having contributed much on the evolutionary road to being a modern human.

Ecosystem services are not constrained by borders
What do chocolate, migratory birds, flood control and pandas have in common?

Late cretaceous dinosaur-dominated ecosystem
A topic of considerable interest to paleontologists is how dinosaur-dominated ecosystems were structured, how dinosaurs and co-occurring animals were distributed across the landscape, how they interacted with one another, and how these systems compared to ecosystems today.

How transient invaders can transform an ecosystem
Study finds microbes can alter an environment dramatically before dying out.

Read More: Ecosystem News and Ecosystem Current Events is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to