Experts review current and future approaches to dementia diagnosis

August 15, 2006

Given that Alzheimer's disease and most of the other dementias have specific biologic findings at autopsy, one would think that the clinical diagnoses would be very straightforward. Not so! In fact, clinical diagnoses are often difficult, causing confusion in research settings and delays in treatment. The September issue of SAGE Publications' Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology brings together some of the world's experts to review the current and future approaches to dementia diagnosis as the American Psychiatric Association prepares for the fifth update of its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-V).

Many different issues in dementia and its diagnosis are discussed in the journal, including such topics as:

  • The frequencies of different types of dementia (about 80% of cases are Alzheimer's)
  • The differences between normal memory impairment in an aging brain and dementia
  • The agreement on the definition of dementia between the American Psychiatric Association and the World Health Organization
  • Improved assessment tools such as brain imaging and the testing of blood and spinal fluid
  • Diagnosing non-cognitive symptoms, such as psychosis, depression, sleep disturbance, and agitation Genetic research and how it relates to dementias

  • "As new and better medications become available for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease, an early and accurate diagnosis becomes increasingly important for researchers, physicians, patients and their families. This collection of articles summarizes the state-of-the-art in dementia diagnosis and points the way to a future where we might diagnose and even treat Alzheimer's disease and other dementias before classic memory symptoms are evident. This would represent a major medical advance for all of us," states guest editor, Trey Sunderland MD, from the National Institute of Mental Health, about the special issue of Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology. The issue is available to read at no charge for a limited time at http://jgpn.sagepub.com.
    -end-
    The Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology brings together original research, clinical reviews, and timely case reports on all aspects of neuropsychiatric care of aging patients, including age-related biologic, neurologic, and psychiatric illnesses; psychosocial problems; forensic issues; and family care. The Journal is edited by Alan M. Mellow, MD, PhD, Ann Arbor VA Medical Center and has an Impact Factor of 1.627. http://jgpn.sagepub.com

    SAGE Publications is a leading international publisher of journals, books, and electronic media for academic, educational, and professional markets. Since 1965, SAGE has helped inform and educate a global community of scholars, practitioners, researchers, and students spanning a wide range of subject areas including business, humanities, social sciences, and science, technology and medicine. SAGE Publications, a privately owned corporation, has principal offices in Thousand Oaks, California, London, United Kingdom, and New Delhi, India. www.sagepublications.com

    SAGE

    Related Dementia Articles from Brightsurf:

    The danger of Z-drugs for dementia patients
    Strong sleeping pills known as 'Z-drugs' are linked with an increased risk of falls, fractures and stroke among people with dementia, according to new research.

    The long road to dementia
    Alzheimer's disease develops over decades. It begins with a fatal chain reaction in which masses of misfolded beta-amyloid proteins are produced that in the end literally flood the brain.

    Why people with dementia go missing
    People with dementia are more likely to go missing in areas where road networks are dense, complicated and disordered - according to new research from the University of East Anglia.

    PTSD may double risk of dementia
    People who have experienced post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are up to twice as likely to develop dementia later in life, according to a new study by UCL researchers, published in the British Journal of Psychiatry.

    Dementia education
    School-based dementia education could deliver much needed empathy and understanding for older generations as new research from the University of South Australia shows it can significantly improve dementia knowledge and awareness among younger generations.

    Building dementia friendly churches
    A project to help church communities become more 'dementia friendly' has had a significant impact across the country.

    A "feeling" for dementia?
    A research team led by the DZNE concludes that personal perception can be an important indicator for the early detection of Alzheimer's disease.

    New biomarker for dementia diagnosis
    Medical researchers in the UK and Australia have identified a new marker which could support the search for novel preventative and therapeutic treatments for dementia.

    Digital solutions for dementia care
    Telehealth delivery of dementia care in the home can be as effective as face-to-face home visit services if carers and recipients take advantage of the technologies available, Australian researchers say.

    Despite a marked reduction in the prevalence of dementia, the number of people with dementia is set to double by 2050 according to new Alzheimer Europe report
    Today, at a European Parliament lunch debate, Alzheimer Europe launched a new report presenting the findings of its collaborative analysis of recent prevalence studies and setting out updated prevalence rates for dementia in Europe.

    Read More: Dementia News and Dementia Current Events
    Brightsurf.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.