Nivolumab in advanced lung cancer: Indication of major added benefit

August 18, 2016

Nivolumab has been approved since April 2016 as a checkpoint inhibitor for the treatment of adults with locally advanced or metastatic nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have already undergone chemotherapy. In an early benefit assessment, the German Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG) has now examined whether in these patients this monoclonal antibody offers advantages over the appropriate comparator therapy.

According to the findings, there is an indication of a major added benefit of nivolumab over docetaxel. An added benefit over the appropriate comparator therapy (best supportive care) is not proven in patients for whom treatment with docetaxel or similar drugs is not indicated.

Approval study stopped early due to survival advantage

The Federal Joint Committee (G-BA) specified docetaxel, pemetrexed or - depending on the mutation status - gefitinib, erlotinib or crizotinib as the appropriate comparator therapy. Patients for whom these drugs are not indicated were to be treated in the control arm with best supportive care instead, that is, treatment tailored to the individual patient's needs in order to alleviate pain and improve quality of life. The manufacturer did not present data on this second research question.

For the first research question, the manufacturer cited the approval study CA209-057, in which nivolumab was compared with docetaxel. After an interim analysis, all patients in the docetaxel arm were offered the option of further treatment with nivolumab, as the new drug showed clear advantages for overall survival. However, only PD-L1-positive patients had a statistically significant survival advantage. In contrast, an added benefit for overall survival is not proven in patients with a negative PD-L1 status.

Also advantages for side effects

Nivolumab also has advantages over docetaxel with regard to several outcomes from the category "side effects" (severe and serious adverse events, discontinuation due to adverse events, alopecia, and blood and lymphatic system disorders).

Overall, for patients who can be treated with docetaxel and similar drugs the data provide an indication of a major added benefit of nivolumab over the appropriate comparator therapy. Due to a lack of data, an added benefit is not proven for patients for whom such drugs are not indicated.

G-BA decides on the extent of added benefit

The dossier assessment is part of the early benefit assessment according to the Act on the Reform of the Market for Medicinal Products (AMNOG) supervised by the Federal Joint Committee (G-BA). After publication of the dossier assessment, the G-BA conducts a commenting procedure and makes a final decision on the extent of the added benefit.

An overview of the results of IQWiG's benefit assessment is given by a German-language executive summary. In addition, the Website gesundheitsinformation.de, published by IQWiG, provides easily understandable German-language information.

More English-language information will be available soon (Sections 2.1 to 2.6 of the dossier assessment as well as subsequently published health information on informedhealth.org). If you would like to be informed when these documents are available, please send an e-mail to » info@iqwig.de.
-end-


Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care

Related Side Effects Articles from Brightsurf:

Side effects often attributed to statins were the same for those taking a placebo
Study participants who reported side effects from cholesterol-lowering medications known as statins also reported the same side effects when they unknowingly took placebo pills.

Cancer treatment without side effects?
Treating cancer without debilitating side effects has long been the holy grail of oncologists, and researchers at the University of California, Irvine and Switzerland's Lausanne University Hospital may have found it.

Finding cortisone alternatives with fewer side effects
Many people use cortisone of a regular basis. It is used for treating rheumatism, asthma, multiple sclerosis, or even COVID-19.

Blood-thinner with no bleeding side-effects is here
In a study led by EPFL, scientists have developed a synthetic blood-thinner that, unlike all others, doesn't cause bleeding side-effects.

Predicting side effects
Scientists develop AI-based tool to predict adverse drug events. Such events are responsible for some 2 million U.S. hospitalizations per year.

Vitamin D could help mitigate chemotherapy side effects
New findings by University of South Australia researchers reveal that Vitamin D could potentially mitigate chemotherapy-induced gastrointestinal mucositis and provide relief to cancer patients.

What if we could design powerful drugs without unwanted side effects?
The paper describes how to minimize or eliminate side effects in drugs that target G protein-coupled receptors.

Variation in how side effects are reported clouds drug safety
University of Colorado Cancer Center study finds significant variation in how drug side effects are reported, potentially making some drugs seem safer or less safe than they really are.

New drug can ease the side effects of medication against severe depression
Today, severe depressions require a high dose of antidepressants. However, the high dose may also cause serious side effects.

University of Cincinnati research looks at side effects for pediatric medications
Dr. Jeffrey Strawn, associate professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, and Jeffrey Mills, associate professor in the Department of Economics at the UC Lindner College of Business, published a study in the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry looking specifically at side effects that impact children and adolescents being treated for anxiety disorders and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

Read More: Side Effects News and Side Effects Current Events
Brightsurf.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.