New Tests Show

August 23, 1998

BOSTON, Aug. 23 -- A motor fuel made from corn, paper, wood chips and other biomass waste products produces significantly fewer noxious emissions, according to just released test results, and is being proposed by the Department of Energy to be added to its list of officially recognized alternative fuels. Data from tailpipe emissions testing of the alternative fuel known as P-series were presented here today at the national meeting of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society, by Princeton University researcher Stephen Paul, developer of the fuel.

Paul's findings demonstrate that the fuel formulation produces 40-50 percent fewer unburned hydrocarbons than gasoline and 20 percent less carbon monoxide. It also has 40 percent less ozone-forming potential and is 2 to 3 times less toxic than gasoline, according to Paul, who works at Princeton's Plasma Physics Laboratory.

P-series fuel blends natural gas liquids, ethanol and biomass materials and, unlike strictly ethanol-based fuels, contains no gasoline. It can power so-called flexible fuel cars already being sold in the U.S., such as many Chrysler Corporation minivans and the 1999 Ford Ranger pickup truck, which have flexible fuel engines as standard equipment. Some other models have flexible fuel engines as an option. This means a consumer can choose whether to fill the tank with gasoline or an alternative liquid fuel containing ethanol, or a combination of both.

Biomass materials constitute about 70 percent of the P-series ingredients. These materials include renewable stock such as corn husks, corn cobs, straw, oat and rice hulls, sugar cane stocks, low-grade waste paper, paper mill waste sludge and wood wastes. "Anything that used to be a carbohydrate can be turned into this," claims Paul.

Dr. Paul acknowledges that alternative fuels have a hard time competing economically with plentiful and relatively inexpensive gasoline. However, he says, his P-series fuel, licensed by Pure Energy Corp. of New York, could serve as a "high volume insurance policy" in the event of another oil crisis, such as occurred during the 1970s. The Department of Energy assistant secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Dan Reicher, echoes that claim.

"P-series fuels have the potential to displace approximately one-billion gallons of gasoline by 2005," Reicher said in announcing a public comment period for a proposed rule that would designate P-series as an alternative fuel. The comment period ends Sept. 28.
Dr. Paul will present his paper, FUEL 26, on Sun., Aug. 23, from 3:30 p.m. - 3:50 p.m. at the Convention Center, Room 201, 2nd Level.

A nonprofit organization with a membership of more than 155,000 chemists and chemical engineers as its members, the American Chemical Society publishes scientific journals and databases, convenes major research conferences, and provides educational, science policy and career programs in chemistry. Its main offices are in Washington, D.C., and Columbus, Ohio.

American Chemical Society

Related Ethanol Articles from Brightsurf:

Spraying ethanol to nanofiber masks makes them reusable
A joint research team from POSTECH and Japan's Shinshu University evaluates the filtration efficiency of nanofiber and melt-blown filters when cleaned with ethanol.

Anaerobically disinfect soil to increase phosphorus using diluted ethanol
Anaerobic disinfection of soil is an effective method to kill unwanted bacteria, parasites and weeds without using chemical pesticides.

Fractionation processes can improve profitability of ethanol production
The US is the world's largest producer of bioethanol as renewable liquid fuel, with more than 200 commercial plants processing over 16 billion gallons per year.

Ethanol fuels large-scale expansion of Brazil's farming land
A University of Queensland-led study has revealed that future demand for ethanol biofuel could potentially expand sugarcane farming land in Brazil by 5 million hectares by 2030.

Measuring ethanol's deadly twin
ETH Zurich researchers have developed an inexpensive, handheld measuring device that can distinguish between methanol and potable alcohol.

Modified enzyme can increase second-generation ethanol production
Using a protein produced by a fungus that lives in the Amazon, Brazilian researchers developed a molecule capable of increasing glucose release from biomass for fermentation.

Scientists develop a chemocatalytic approach for one-pot reaction of cellulosic ethanol
Scientists at the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences have developed a chemocatalytic approach to convert cellulose into ethanol in a one-pot process by using a multifunctional Mo/Pt/WOx catalyst.

New core-shell catalyst for ethanol fuel cells
Scientists at Brookhaven Lab and the University of Arkansas have developed a highly efficient catalyst for extracting electrical energy from ethanol, an easy-to-store liquid fuel that can be generated from renewable resources.

Yeast makes ethanol to prevent metabolic overload
Why do some yeast cells produce ethanol? Scientists have wondered about this apparent waste of resources for decades.

Corncob ethanol may help cut China's greenhouse gas emissions
A new Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining study has found that using ethanol from corncobs for energy production may help reduce greenhouse gas emissions in China, if used instead of starch-based ethanol.

Read More: Ethanol News and Ethanol Current Events is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to