'Internal astigmatism' doesn't compensate for changes in the eye over time

August 29, 2016

August 29, 2016 - For people with nearsightedness (myopia), the lens doesn't compensate for growth or other changes in the structure of the eye, according to a long-term follow-up study in the September issue of Optometry and Vision Science, official journal of the American Academy of Optometry. The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer.

The results add a new piece of evidence to a longstanding debate as to how or whether the lens or other eye structures change in response to focusing abnormalities--especially those caused by irregular shape of the eye, or astigmatism. The lead author was Ruth E. Manny, OD, PhD, of University of Houston College of Optometry.

Is 'Internal Astigmatism' Compensation or Constant?

The researchers analyzed follow-up data on 367 individuals with myopia. Over a 14-year period, the subjects underwent detailed measurement of eye structures as well as assessment of refractive (focusing) error. The findings were compared to one-time measurements in a matched group of 204 subjects without myopia.

The goal was to assess changes in the "internal astigmatism" of the eye over time. "Clarity of vision is determined by the precise shape of the eye and coordination of several optical components that must all be perfectly balanced to provide proper focus," explains Michael Twa, OD, PhD, Editor-in-Chief of Optometry and Vision Science. "A longstanding question is how the eye adapts and controls its shape to deliver correct focus as it grows from birth to adult dimensions."

One theory is that the lens of the eye can adapt its shape in response to growth and other changes in eye structure. If so, there would be a change in internal astigmatism--the difference between corneal astigmatism at the front of the eye and total astigmatism measured from the whole eye.

The study found some significant differences between the groups with and without nearsightedness. Internal astigmatism was greater in subjects without myopia, who were better able to compensate for corneal astigmatism. Participants with low corneal astigmatism were less likely to have a large amount of internal astigmatism.

However, internal astigmatism did not change in response to changes in the shape of the eye--instead, it remained relatively stable over time. "There was no evidence that the lens or other internal structural elements of the eye were actively compensating for corneal astigmatism," says Dr. Twa.

The new study can't explain the sources of internal astigmatism. However, the findings do not support the theory that the lens plays any active role in compensating for astigmatic defocus of the eye.

The results may have important implications for surgical procedures to correct vision--for example, to minimize residual astigmatism in patients with cataracts undergoing intraocular lens replacement surgery. Dr. Manny and coauthors note that new instruments now becoming available may provide new insights into the factors affecting changes in eye structures over time.

Click here to read "Internal Astigmatism in Myopes and Non-myopes: Compensation or Constant?."
-end-
Article: "Internal Astigmatism in Myopes and Non-myopes: Compensation or Constant?"(doi: 10.1097/OPX.0000000000000946)

About Optometry and Vision Science

Optometry and Vision Science, official journal of the American Academy of Optometry, is the most authoritative source for current developments in optometry, physiological optics, and vision science. This frequently cited monthly scientific journal has served primary eye care practitioners for more than 75 years, promoting vital interdisciplinary exchange among optometrists and vision scientists worldwide.

About the American Academy of Optometry

Founded in 1922, the American Academy of Optometry is committed to promoting the art and science of vision care through lifelong learning. All members of the Academy are dedicated to the highest standards of optometric practice through clinical care, education or research.

About Wolters Kluwer

Wolters Kluwer is a global leader in professional information services. Professionals in the areas of legal, business, tax, accounting, finance, audit, risk, compliance and healthcare rely on Wolters Kluwer's market leading information-enabled tools and software solutions to manage their business efficiently, deliver results to their clients, and succeed in an ever more dynamic world.

Wolters Kluwer reported 2015 annual revenues of €4.2 billion. The group serves customers in over 180 countries, and employs over 19,000 people worldwide. The company is headquartered in Alphen aan den Rijn, the Netherlands. Wolters Kluwer shares are listed on Euronext Amsterdam (WKL) and are included in the AEX and Euronext 100 indices. Wolters Kluwer has a sponsored Level 1 American Depositary Receipt program. The ADRs are traded on the over-the-counter market in the U.S. (WTKWY).

Wolters Kluwer Health is a leading global provider of information and point of care solutions for the healthcare industry. For more information about our products and organization, visit http://www.wolterskluwer.com, follow @WKHealth or @Wolters_Kluwer on Twitter, like us on Facebook, follow us on LinkedIn, or follow WoltersKluwerComms on YouTube.

Wolters Kluwer Health

Related Myopia Articles from Brightsurf:

Six-Year MiSight contact lens study: 23% of eyes showed no additional myopia progression
The latest findings from the long-running CooperVision MiSight 1 day clinical study provide new insights about myopia management and the proven efficacy of the specially designed contact lens.

Multifocal contact lenses slow myopia progression in children
Children wearing multifocal contact lenses had slower progression of their myopia, according to results from a clinical trial funded by the National Eye Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health.

Young nearsighted kids benefit from bifocal contact lenses, study shows
Bifocal contact lenses aren't just for aging eyes anymore. In nearsighted kids as young as 7 years old, multifocal contact lenses with a heavy dose of added reading power can dramatically slow further progression of myopia, new research has found.

New paper helps advance myopia management strategies
'Myopia Control 2020: Where are we and where are we heading?' has been published in Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics, the peer-reviewed journal of The College of Optometrists, giving eye care practitioners a comprehensive analysis of evidence-based information needed to help manage myopia.

Genetic processes that determine short-sightedness discovered by researchers
Three previously unknown genetic mechanisms have been discovered in causing myopia otherwise known as short or near-sightedness, finds a new study.

Faster, cheaper tests for myopia possible
The world's most common vision problem myopia or short/near sightedness, which causes damage to the eye and even blindness, just got easier to assess.

New approach to slowing nearsightedness in children shows promise
Combining 2 different treatment methods to slow the progression of myopia may deliver better results than either can achieve on their own.

Bright lights outdoors may help treat lazy eye in children
Amblyopia, also known as lazy eye, is a loss of vision that affects two to five percent of children across the world and originates from a deficit in visual cortical circuitry.

US $244 billion lost annually because people don't have spectacles to correct myopia
Vision impairment caused by uncorrected myopia cost the global economy an estimated US$244 billion in lost productivity in 2015, according to a new study published in the scientific journal Ophthalmology.

Study shows how light therapy might help premature babies avoid vision problems
Scientists discovered a light-dependent molecular pathway that regulates how blood vessels develop in the eye.

Read More: Myopia News and Myopia Current Events
Brightsurf.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.