Smokers not only take more time off work, but they are less productive

September 04, 2001

Smokers not only take more time off work, but they are also less productive when they are working, shows research in Tobacco Control. In 1990 the US Office of Technology Assessment estimated that smokers cost employers $47 billion dollars in premature death and disability.

The study involved around 300 ticket sales staff a large US airline. One hundred each of current, ex, and non-smokers were included in the group. The researchers assessed their attendance and productivity levels from employer records, and included 10 objective measures, such as how much money they earned for the company and how long they were away from their phone without a sanctioned excuse.

The employees were also asked to rate theirs and others' perception of their productivity and how satisfied they were with life, using the Health and Work Questionnaire, devised by the pharmaceutical industry.

The results showed that current smokers averaged almost three times as much sick leave as non-smokers, as well as significantly more sick leave than ex smokers. Ex-smokers also had lower rates of absenteeism as time passed. Ex smokers were also an average of 5 per cent more productive than current smokers. This was not the case in the first 12 months after giving up, but ex-smokers became significantly more productive over time.

Current smokers felt that their colleagues and supervisors would rate them as the least productive and non-smokers as the most productive. Current smokers were also the least satisfied with their life.

The authors conclude that non- or ex smokers make more productive employees, and that productivity for smokers is likely to increase, and their time off work decrease, once they give up smoking.
-end-


BMJ Specialty Journals

Related Smokers Articles from Brightsurf:

Examining e-cigarette use among current, former smokers
National survey data were used to look at how common electronic cigarette use is among US adults, if they were current or former smokers and used e-cigarettes to help quit smoking.

Smokers good at math are more likely to want to quit
For smokers who are better at math, the decision to quit just adds up, a new study suggests.

Lung development may explain why some non-smokers get COPD and some heavy smokers do not
According to a new study, people with small airways relative to the size of their lungs may have a lower breathing capacity and, consequently, an increased risk for COPD -- even if they don't smoke or have any other risk factors.

Is e-cigarette use associated with relapse among former smokers?
Whether use of electronic cigarettes among former cigarette smokers was associated with an increased risk of smoking relapse was examined with the use of nationally representative survey data.

Ex-smokers, light smokers not exempt from lung damage
A new study shows that smoking even a few cigarettes a day is harmful to lungs and that former smokers continue to lose lung function at a faster rate than never-smokers for decades after quitting.

Study of smokers, former smokers in France examines electronic cigarette use association with smoking reduction, relapse
An observational study based on a group of smokers and former smokers in France looked at whether electronic cigarette use was associated with changes in the number of cigarettes smoked, with smoking cessation rates among smokers, and with smoking relapse among former smokers.

Obese people outnumber smokers two to one
New figures from Cancer Research UK show that people who are obese now outnumber people who smoke two to one in the UK, and excess weight causes more cases of certain cancers than smoking, as the charity urges government action to tackle obesity.

New clues about why non-smokers, as well as smokers, develop chronic lung disease revealed
A group of researchers led by the universities of Leicester and Nottingham has discovered genetic differences that put some people at higher risk than others of developing chronic lung disease.

Misperceptions about vaping common among UK smokers
Research from King's College London finds smokers and ex-smokers in the UK overestimate the harm from vaping, with fewer than 6 out of 10 accurately believing that e-cigarettes are less harmful than tobacco cigarettes.

Smokers who roll their own less inclined to quit
Smokers who roll their own cigarettes are less likely to try quitting smoking, according to a new study carried out by UCL.

Read More: Smokers News and Smokers Current Events
Brightsurf.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.