Nav: Home

Airbnb distribution may depend on who lives there, not just distance to city center

September 18, 2018

Distribution of Airbnbs may follow the same pattern across different cities, and several factors, including the number of residents who work in the creative industries, may determine their location, according to an article published in EPJ Data Science.

Dr Giovanni Quattrone, corresponding author at Middlesex University, UK said: "Previous economic models have overly emphasized the importance of the distance from the city center. Yet, we find that other factors may be just as important , for example the presence of educated, creative workers and what we call bohemian people, which some scholars refer to as the 'creative class'."

The researchers investigated the distribution of Airbnb rental properties in relation to geographic, social and economic conditions of neighbourhoods across eight US cities: Austin, Los Angeles, Manhattan, New Orleans, Oakland, San Diego, San Francisco and Seattle.

The consistent pattern of Airbnb distribution they found allowed the authors to build a predictive model that could potentially allow them in future to predict where Airbnbs are likely to be located in another city. This predictive model was validated by predicting the Airbnb distribution in the eight cities in the study, which the authors were able to do with high accuracy. The model may be useful for regulators of Airbnb, aiming to create policies to help prevent an excessive number of short-term rentals in the same neighbourhood, while encouraging the growth of Airbnb in areas where the economy would benefit from more guests.

Dr Quattrone said: "One of the key findings of this study was the striking consistency of the results across the eight U.S. cities we investigated. We specifically selected these cities because they vary in size, population composition, wealth, and cost of living. Given these differences, the consistency we have observed suggests that, to a certain degree, our model could be applied to cities that have not been previously analysed, predict the spread of Airbnb properties across that city, and suggest reasons for Airbnb distribution."

To build their model, the researchers downloaded all of the Airbnb listings in each location and measured distance to the city centre, along with geographic and socioeconomic factors, including transport links, average household income, residents who work in the creative industries and distances to public places of interest.

The authors caution that although the eight cities studied capture a variety of socioeconomic conditions, all are located in the US, so the findings may not be generalizable to cities in other countries.
-end-
Media Contacts

Lucy Eccles
Communications Officer, BMC
T: +44 (0)20 3192 5730
E: lucy.eccles@biomedcentral.com

Notes to editor:

1. Research article:

Analyzing and predicting the spatial penetration of Airbnb in U.S. cities

Quattrone et al. EPJ Data Science

DOI: 10.1140/epjds/s13688-018-0156-6

When the embargo lifts the article will be available at: https://epjdatascience.springeropen.com/articles/10.1140/epjds/s13688-018-0156-6

Please name the journal in any story you write. If you are writing for the web, please link to the article. All articles are available free of charge, according to BMC's open access policy.

2. EPJ Data Science covers a broad range of research areas and applications and particularly encourages contributions from techno-socio-economic systems, where it comprises those research lines that now regard the digital "tracks" of human beings as first-order objects for scientific investigation. Topics include, but are not limited to, human behavior, social interaction (including animal societies), economic and financial systems, management and business networks, socio-technical infrastructure, health and environmental systems, the science of science, as well as general risk and crisis scenario forecasting up to and including policy advice.

3. A pioneer of open access publishing, BMC has an evolving portfolio of high quality peer-reviewed journals including broad interest titles such as BMC Biology and BMC Medicine, specialist journals such as Malaria Journal and Microbiome, and the BMC series. At BMC, research is always in progress. We are committed to continual innovation to better support the needs of our communities, ensuring the integrity of the research we publish, and championing the benefits of open research. BMC is part of Springer Nature, giving us greater opportunities to help authors connect and advance discoveries across the world.

BioMed Central

Related Geographic Articles:

Researchers assemble first comprehensive list of Panama's trees with geographic ranges
In a new research paper published in Forest Ecosystems, The Morton Arboretum Center for Tree Science Research Fellow Richard Condit, PhD, provided the first comprehensive checklist of Panama's trees to include geographic ranges by using an innovative, repeatable method for assessing extinction risk of trees in poorly studied areas.
Defining geographic regions with commuter data
A new mathematical approach uses data on people's commutes between and within US counties to identify important geographic regions.
Researchers develop method to assess geographic origins of ancient humans
Working with lead isotopes taken from tooth enamel of prehistoric animals, researchers at the University of Arkansas have developed a new method for assessing the geographic origins of ancient humans.
New study examines geographic differences in fatal pediatric opioid poisonings
A new study shines light on pediatric opioid deaths by US region.
Geographic distribution of opioid-related deaths
Identifying changes in the geographic distribution of opioid-related deaths is important, and this study analyzed data for more than 351,000 US residents who died of opioid-related causes from 1999 to 2016.
Differences in genes' geographic origin influence mitochondrial function
A new study explores whether interactions between genomes found in the nucleus and in the mitochondria of a cell could be altered when genes of different geographic origins are brought together.
A new study shows that wine experts differ by geographic region
Canadian vintners, sommeliers, journalists and other wine experts judge and rate wines differently depending on where in the country they are located.
Authenticating the geographic origin of hazelnuts
Hazelnuts, like olive oil, cheese and other agricultural products, differ in flavor depending on their geographic origin.
Are there geographic disparities in death due to traumatic brain injury for US veterans?
There are known racial and ethnic disparities in death due to traumatic brain injury (TBI) and a new study has now examined if there is an association between TBI mortality and where a US veteran lives.
Research assesses geographic distribution of new antibiotics following market introduction
New study finds that between 1999 and 2014, only 25 new antibiotics entered the global market.
More Geographic News and Geographic Current Events

Trending Science News

Current Coronavirus (COVID-19) News

Top Science Podcasts

We have hand picked the top science podcasts of 2020.
Now Playing: TED Radio Hour

Sound And Silence
Sound surrounds us, from cacophony even to silence. But depending on how we hear, the world can be a different auditory experience for each of us. This hour, TED speakers explore the science of sound. Guests on the show include NPR All Things Considered host Mary Louise Kelly, neuroscientist Jim Hudspeth, writer Rebecca Knill, and sound designer Dallas Taylor.
Now Playing: Science for the People

#576 Science Communication in Creative Places
When you think of science communication, you might think of TED talks or museum talks or video talks, or... people giving lectures. It's a lot of people talking. But there's more to sci comm than that. This week host Bethany Brookshire talks to three people who have looked at science communication in places you might not expect it. We'll speak with Mauna Dasari, a graduate student at Notre Dame, about making mammals into a March Madness match. We'll talk with Sarah Garner, director of the Pathologists Assistant Program at Tulane University School of Medicine, who takes pathology instruction out of...
Now Playing: Radiolab

Kittens Kick The Giggly Blue Robot All Summer
With the recent passing of Ruth Bader Ginsburg, there's been a lot of debate about how much power the Supreme Court should really have. We think of the Supreme Court justices as all-powerful beings, issuing momentous rulings from on high. But they haven't always been so, you know, supreme. On this episode, we go all the way back to the case that, in a lot of ways, started it all.  Support Radiolab by becoming a member today at Radiolab.org/donate.