UCAR wins funding for new weather forecasting tools to aid scientists and the public

September 24, 2003

BOULDER--The University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) and seven other institutions have won a prestigious National Science Foundation (NSF) grant to create a series of powerful tools for weather forecasters and the public. The project, known as the Linked Environments for Atmospheric Discovery (LEAD), will set up a network of high-performance computers that incorporates newly developed software to enable scientists, educators, students, and anyone interested in weather to gain new insights into storms. UCAR's share of the grant is $1.8 million over five years.

"LEAD elevates the use of prediction systems, especially the sharing of data and results, to a whole new level," says Mohan Ramamurthy, director of UCAR's Unidata Program Center, which provides data, software, and technical support to universities. "This powerful tool will help researchers collaborate, and it will also provide forecasters with the newest technology to help them predict the path of a major storm, like Hurricane Isabel. Furthermore, anybody will be able to get on the Internet and take advantage of state-of-the-art weather prediction models."

At UCAR, Unidata researchers will develop many of the key technologies to enable users to access the LEAD environment. For example, users will be able to share weather information across a supercomputer network on a real-time basis, and scientists at different sites will have the ability to work collaboratively over the phone on the same data files. A researcher who wants to simulate a particular storm will be able to build on data and models constructed by other colleagues, creating more accurate ensemble predictions. UCAR will also incorporate its integrated data viewer into the new system. This visualization tool will allow users to transform weather data that may be stored on remote and distributed computers into recognizable forecast maps.

"The goal is to provide on-demand computing for scientists and the public--anyone who needs more information about potentially hazardous weather systems," Ramamurthy says.

Today's weather forecast models run on fixed schedules over fixed regions, independent of any weather that may be occurring. LEAD will be able to detect, predict, and simulate hazardous weather systems such as thunderstorms and lake-effect snows on demand. When storms such as Hurricane Isabel strike in the future, people will be able to create their own simulations and download predictions of the hurricane's path, thereby gaining the most accurate information possible about potentially dangerous conditions.

Kelvin Droegemeier at the University of Oklahoma is the project director of LEAD. Oklahoma is a member institution of UCAR, as are four other universities participating in the project: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; University of Alabama, Huntsville; Colorado State University; and Howard University. A sixth, Millersville University of Pennsylvania, is a UCAR academic affiliate. The final participating institution is Indiana University at Bloomington.

LEAD is one of eight projects this year funded by NSF's Information Technology Research (ITR) program. Beginning October 1, LEAD will receive $2.25 million a year for five years, for a total of $11.25 million. Others projects funded by ITR this year focus on such issues as protecting individual privacy, getting information in emergency situations, and monitoring wetlands.

"This year's ITR awards demonstrate how fundamental computer science research, combined with other research disciplines and practical activities, makes it possible to address new scientific questions and urgent national priorities," says Peter Freeman, head of NSF's Computer and Information Science and Engineering directorate.
On the Web: For the ITR program: http://www.nsf.gov/od/lpa/news/03/pr03103.htm.

Visuals: Images are available at ftp://ftp.ucar.edu/communications. Filenames: storm1.jpg; storm2.jpg.

National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Related Lead Articles from Brightsurf:

Lead-free magnetic perovskites
Scientists at Linköping University, Sweden, working with the perovskite family of materials have taken a step forwards and developed an optoelectronic magnetic double perovskite.

Researchers devise new method to get the lead out
Researchers in the lab of Daniel Giammar, in McKelvey School of Engineering have devised a simple, quick and inexpensive way to quantify how much lead is trapped by a water filter.

Preventing lead poisoning at the source
Using a variety of public records, researchers from Case Western Reserve University examined every rental property in Cleveland from 2016-18 on factors related to the likelihood that the property could have lead-safety problems.

Silicones may lead to cell death
Silicone molecules from breast implants can initiate processes in human cells that lead to cell death.

Poor diet can lead to blindness
An extreme case of 'fussy' or 'picky' eating caused a young patient's blindness, according to a new case report published today [2 Sep 2019] in Annals of Internal Medicine.

What's more powerful, word-of-mouth or following someone else's lead?
Researchers from the University of Pittsburgh, UCLA and the University of Texas published new research in the INFORMS journal Marketing Science, that reveals the power of word-of-mouth in social learning, even when compared to the power of following the example of someone we trust or admire.

UTI discovery may lead to new treatments
Sufferers of recurring urinary tract infections (UTIs) could expect more effective treatments thanks to University of Queensland-led research.

Increasing frailty may lead to death
A new study published in Age and Ageing indicates that frail patients in any age group are more likely to die than those who are not frail.

Discovery could lead to munitions that go further, much faster
Researchers from the U.S. Army and top universities discovered a new way to get more energy out of energetic materials containing aluminum, common in battlefield systems, by igniting aluminum micron powders coated with graphene oxide.

Shorter sleep can lead to dehydration
Adults who sleep just six hours per night -- as opposed to eight -- may have a higher chance of being dehydrated, according to a study by Penn State.

Read More: Lead News and Lead Current Events
Brightsurf.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.