Prior DUI convictions among legal handgun purchasers associated with risk of later violent crimes

September 30, 2019

Bottom Line: A study of legal handgun purchasers in California suggests convictions for driving under the influence (DUI) prior to a gun purchase may be associated with subsequent risk of arrest for violent crimes, including firearm-related ones. The observational study included about 79,000 gun purchasers followed-up from their first gun purchase in 2001 through 2013. Of the 1,495 purchasers with DUI convictions, 131 (8.8%) were subsequently arrested for violent crimes listed on the Crime Index (murder, rape, robbery and aggravated assault) published by the FBI. Among 65,700 purchasers with no prior criminal history, 1,188 (1.8%) were subsequently arrested for Crime Index-listed violent crimes. Compared with gun purchasers who had no prior criminal history, gun purchasers with prior DUI convictions and no other criminal history were at increased risk of arrest for a Crime Index-listed violent crime, a firearm-related violent crime and any violent crime. Limitations of the study include the exclusion of gun purchasers age 50 and older thus limiting the generalizability of the findings. The federal government and many states have restricted the purchase and possession of firearms by members of high-risk groups, such as people convicted of felonies, domestic violence and other violent misdemeanors, and study authors suggest that similar restrictions on people convicted of DUI may help to reduce violent criminal activity.

To access the embargoed study: Visit our For The Media website at this link

Authors: Rose M.C. Kagawa, Ph.D., M.P.H., of the University of California, Davis, in Sacramento, and coauthors


Editor's Note: The article includes conflict of interest and funding/support disclosures. Please see the article for additional information, including other authors, author contributions and affiliations, financial disclosures, funding and support, etc.

#  #  #

Media advisory: To contact corresponding author Rose M.C. Kagawa, Ph.D., M.P.H., email Carole Gan at The full study and commentary are linked to this news release.

Embed this link to provide your readers free access to the full-text article This link will be live at the embargo time:

JAMA Internal Medicine

Related Violent Crime Articles from Brightsurf:

SSRI antidepressants associated with increase in violent crime in some patients
Scientists have found that some people being treated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have a greater tendency to commit violent crime.

Not all psychopaths are violent; a new study may explain why some are 'successful' instead
Psychopathy is widely recognized as a risk factor for violent behavior, but many psychopathic individuals refrain from antisocial or criminal acts.

Study reveals how green space can reduce violent crime
Researchers identified patterns that can inform public policy, guide urban design and promote neighborhoods that are safe and low in crime.

Global warming to increase violent crime in the United States
A new study predicts millions of additional violent crimes in coming decades.

Strategies to lower risk for violent crime and gun violence
Researchers at the annual meeting of The Society for Risk Analysis (SRA) present a series of studies during its Study of Violent Crime and Gun Violence symposium which contributes several new frameworks that can be used toward improving laws, civilian strategies, legislation and police response, as well as the overall study of risk in society.

District-level, real-time crime centers can help police cut crime levels
Police commanders often make decisions largely ad-hoc, based on whatever they hear about.

Exposure to air pollution increases violent crime rates, study finds
Breathing dirty air can make you sick. But according to new research, it can also make you more aggressive.

Risk aversion rises with violent crime
Fear in the wake of violent conflicts causes people to take fewer risks, which may come at the expense of bettering their lives and the economy.

Adolescents who self-harm more likely to commit violent crime
Young people who self-harm are three times more likely to commit violent crime than those who do not, according to new research from the Center for Child and Family Policy at Duke University.

Criminal history strong indicator for future violent crime
New research shows offenders convicted of a violent crime or other serious felonies will likely commit the same crime again.

Read More: Violent Crime News and Violent Crime Current Events is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to