More people are hospitalized for stroke, but fewer strokes are fatal

October 04, 2001

DALLAS, Oct. 5 - The number of Americans who are hospitalized for stroke continues to increase, but the death rate is declining, according to a report in the October issue of Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Epidemiologists from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, in the Bronx, New York, based their findings on an analysis of data from the National Hospital Discharge Survey, which was conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). During the decade from 1988 to 1997, the number of hospitalizations for stroke increased by 38.6 percent while the age-adjusted stroke hospitalization rate - the number per 100,000 population - increased by 18.6 percent, according to the researchers' findings. However, researchers say changes in admission practices could account for the increase.

Strokes killed fewer people. The age-adjusted stroke death rate declined by 13.4 percent from 29.9 to 25.9 per 100,000 population in the 10-year period, as reported by the NCHS. Moreover, the in-hospital death rate declined steadily from 12.7 percent to 7.6 percent.

While hospitalizations are up, the hospital stays are much shorter - an average of 6.2 days compared to 11.1 days, 10 years ago. The implementation of a new payment system for Medicare, which restricted the number of days that would be paid for by the plan, probably contributed to shortened hospital stays, according to researchers. But they note that another possible explanation is the increase in specialized stroke units where patients could receive more directed care, which could reduce recovery time.

Although patients spent fewer days in the hospital, more stroke patients had other illnesses. The incidence of diabetes increased 17.4 percent, high blood pressure 34 percent and congestive heart failure 31 percent. Men had higher stroke hospitalization rates than women until age 74.

The stroke hospitalization rate was highest in the South and lowest in the West, where it is about 20 percent lower than in other regions. The researchers conclude that the improved death rate may be due to better treatment rather than improved prevention.
-end-
CONTACT: For journal copies only,
please call: 214-706-1396
For other information, call:
Carole Bullock: 214-706-1279
Bridgette McNeill: 214-706-1135

American Heart Association

Related Death Rate Articles from Brightsurf:

Death rate dramatically less for young heart attack survivors who quit smoking
Among young people who have had a heart attack, quitting smoking is associated with a substantial benefit.

Statin use is linked to lower death rate in hospitalized COVID-19 patients
The use of cholesterol-lowering drugs called statins is associated with a lower death rate and a lower incidence of mechanical ventilation in patients hospitalized with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), researchers report June 24 in Cell Metabolism.

No improvement in death rate for COVID-19 patients who received hydroxychloroquine
A research team led by investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital has evaluated real-world evidence related to outcomes for COVID-19 patients who were treated with hydroxychloroquine or chloroquine analogues (with or without a macrolide).

COVID-19: UW study reports 'staggering' death rate in US among those infected who show symptoms
New study finds the national rate of death among people infected with the novel coronavirus -- SARS-CoV-2 -- that causes COVID-19 and who show symptoms is 1.3%, the study found.

COVID-19 study shows that men have over double the death rate of women
COVID-19 has drastically different effects on the infected, with some people displaying no symptoms, while others can die.

SLE Medicaid patients have higher 30-day death rate compared to those with diabetes
New research found that the 30-day death rate for Medicaid patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who underwent coronary revascularization procedures for cardiovascular disease was double that of patients with diabetes mellitus who underwent the same procedures.

Living through Katrina associated with higher death rate among breast cancer patients
Breast cancer patients who endured Hurricane Katrina in 2005 have a 15% higher mortality rate than those patients not exposed to the storm, according to a University of Michigan researcher.

Decades-long drop in breast cancer death rate continues
A decades-long decline in the breast cancer death rate continues, but has begun to slow in recent years.

Child death rate linked to hospital preparedness for pediatric emergencies
Critically ill children brought to hospital emergency departments that are ill-prepared to care for pediatric emergencies have more than three times the odds of dying compared to those brought to hospitals well-equipped to care for them.

Optimizing fertilizer source and rate to avoid root death
Study assembles canola root's dose-response curves for nitrogen sources.

Read More: Death Rate News and Death Rate Current Events
Brightsurf.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.