Nav: Home

Management of fatigue and sleep in chronic illness

October 06, 2016

AMHERST, Mass. - The College of Nursing at the University of Massachusetts Amherst recently was awarded a five-year, $1.23 million grant from the National Institute of Nursing Research to create a new center where scientists will develop technologies to help people with chronic illness manage fatigue and impaired sleep.

Studies that will also help patients decide when and how to modify their activities will test wearable or handheld devices to monitor fatigue or sleep pattern changes.

The campus UManage Center to Build the Science of Symptom Self-Management is one of just six new center grants awarded in the nation this year by the National Institute of Nursing Research of the National Institutes of Health, says Cynthia Jacelon, professor of nursing and center director.

She says, "The UManage Center will help individuals with chronic illness live healthier, more functional lives. Nurse-led interdisciplinary teams will use emerging technologies being developed on the UMass Amherst campus to help manage symptoms affecting millions of individuals with chronic conditions that interfere with living life to the fullest."

Study subjects will be able to use the new information to make decisions about their health activities. New wearable or hand-held technologies "will help them stop and rest or change their sleep hygiene before it's too late," she adds.

Jacelon's interdisciplinary team includes College of Nursing researchers Annette Wysocki, Karen Kalmakis and Rachel Walker plus sleep expert Rebecca Spencer of psychological and brain sciences, computer science big data specialist Deepak Ganesan of the College of Information and Computer Sciences and health informatics and engineering psychology researcher Jenna Marquard of mechanical and industrial engineering.

They will collaborate with industry partners and use many of the laboratories and equipment in the campus Institute for Applied Life Sciences (IALS) in their investigations.

Michael Malone, vice chancellor for research and engagement, says, "This interdisciplinary work is the type of exciting new opportunity we envisioned that IALS infrastructure would catalyze. The program brings together a terrific research team that will create both innovation and impact."

Dean Stephen Cavanagh of the College of Nursing adds, "The creation of the UManage Center is an outstanding achievement for our nurse researchers. The center will create an environment where they can work and collaborate with other outstanding scholars working towards the common goal of improving health and the quality of life for those suffering from chronic illnesses."

Nursing faculty Walker and Kalmakis will conduct the first two research projects. Walker's team hopes to develop a wearable eye-tracking technology to help cancer survivors monitor and self-manage persistent fatigue. Kalmakis's team will study cortisol in sweat as a potential stress and fatigue indicator to help patients manage their behavior and responses.

Jacelon says the UManage Center will fund 10 pilot research studies over the next five years. These will offer nursing faculty the opportunity to develop strategies to help individuals improve their health and to design larger, population-based studies and expand their research capacity to work with interdisciplinary research teams.

University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Related Sleep Articles:

Wind turbine noise affects dream sleep and perceived sleep restoration
Wind turbine noise (WTN) influences people's perception of the restorative effects of sleep, and also has a small but significant effect on dream sleep, otherwise known as REM (rapid eye movement) sleep, a study at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, shows.
To sleep deeply: The brainstem neurons that regulate non-REM sleep
University of Tsukuba researchers identified neurons that promote non-REM sleep in the brainstem in mice.
Chronic opioid therapy can disrupt sleep, increase risk of sleep disorders
Patients and medical providers should be aware that chronic opioid use can interfere with sleep by reducing sleep efficiency and increasing the risk of sleep-disordered breathing, according to a position statement from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine.
'Short sleep' gene prevents memory deficits associated with sleep deprivation
The UCSF scientists who identified the two known human genes that promote 'natural short sleep' -- nightly sleep that lasts just four to six hours but leaves people feeling well-rested -- have now discovered a third, and it's also the first gene that's ever been shown to prevent the memory deficits that normally accompany sleep deprivation.
Short sleep duration and sleep variability blunt weight loss
High sleep variability and short sleep duration are associated with difficulties in losing weight and body fat.
Nurses have an increased risk of sleep disorders and sleep deprivation
According to preliminary results of a new study, there is a high prevalence of insufficient sleep and symptoms of common sleep disorders among medical center nurses.
Common sleep myths compromise good sleep and health
People often say they can get by on five or fewer hours of sleep, that snoring is harmless, and that having a drink helps you to fall asleep.
Sleep tight! Researchers identify the beneficial role of sleep
Why do animals sleep? Why do humans 'waste' a third of their lives sleeping?
Does extra sleep on the weekends repay your sleep debt? No, researchers say
Insufficient sleep and untreated sleep disorders put people at increased risk for metabolic problems, including obesity and diabetes.
Kicking, yelling during sleep? Study finds risk factors for violent sleep disorder
Taking antidepressants for depression, having post-traumatic stress disorder or anxiety diagnosed by a doctor are risk factors for a disruptive and sometimes violent sleep disorder called rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder, according to a study published in the Dec.
More Sleep News and Sleep Current Events

Trending Science News

Current Coronavirus (COVID-19) News

Top Science Podcasts

We have hand picked the top science podcasts of 2020.
Now Playing: TED Radio Hour

TED Radio Wow-er
School's out, but many kids–and their parents–are still stuck at home. Let's keep learning together. Special guest Guy Raz joins Manoush for an hour packed with TED science lessons for everyone.
Now Playing: Science for the People

#565 The Great Wide Indoors
We're all spending a bit more time indoors this summer than we probably figured. But did you ever stop to think about why the places we live and work as designed the way they are? And how they could be designed better? We're talking with Emily Anthes about her new book "The Great Indoors: The Surprising Science of how Buildings Shape our Behavior, Health and Happiness".
Now Playing: Radiolab

The Third. A TED Talk.
Jad gives a TED talk about his life as a journalist and how Radiolab has evolved over the years. Here's how TED described it:How do you end a story? Host of Radiolab Jad Abumrad tells how his search for an answer led him home to the mountains of Tennessee, where he met an unexpected teacher: Dolly Parton.Jad Nicholas Abumrad is a Lebanese-American radio host, composer and producer. He is the founder of the syndicated public radio program Radiolab, which is broadcast on over 600 radio stations nationwide and is downloaded more than 120 million times a year as a podcast. He also created More Perfect, a podcast that tells the stories behind the Supreme Court's most famous decisions. And most recently, Dolly Parton's America, a nine-episode podcast exploring the life and times of the iconic country music star. Abumrad has received three Peabody Awards and was named a MacArthur Fellow in 2011.