Book 'Interest' traces intellectual history of the concept

October 10, 2005

ITHACA, N.Y. -- "Why do people behave the way they do? Mainly because of their interests," says Richard Swedberg, professor of sociology at Cornell University, whose book "Interest" (Open University Press) has just been published.

Although for 150 years or so economists have been explaining people's behavior through their interest in making money, Swedberg argues that people's interests are not all related to money.

"It is true that [this type of] interest helps explain a lot of behavior that otherwise would not be explicable. But interests drive people also in political, religious, spiritual and sexual areas," said Swedberg, an economic sociologist and associate director at the Center for the Study of Economy and Society. In what is the first book in the English language on the concept of interest, Swedberg writes that these other kinds of interest are sometimes much more powerful types of interest than economic interest.

The 128-page paperback is largely an intellectual history of interest -- tracing the origin of the word from the Middle Ages and its early use in philosophy, political science, literature and everyday language to its emergence as a sociological idea that began to develop in the late 1800s. In the 1840s, John Stuart Mill wrote that economics can only become a science if it is based on the assumption that what drives people is a desire for wealth. But this type of argument, according to Swedberg, led to a much too narrow view of the concept of interest. He also reviews how sociologists have tried to incorporate the concept of interest into their various theories and discusses how the concept is used today in modern political science and economics.

In the final chapter, Swedberg discusses how the idea of interest can be used as a policy tool to change social reality, such as regards the U.S. Constitution, which tries to balance various interests against each other and in this way creates a political system that makes it hard to abuse power.

Swedberg concludes his treatise on interest with an in-depth discussion of conflict-of-interest legislation to show how the idea of interest can be used as a policy tool.

Cornell University

Related Behavior Articles from Brightsurf:

Variety in the migratory behavior of blackcaps
The birds have variable migration strategies.

Fishing for a theory of emergent behavior
Researchers at the University of Tsukuba quantified the collective action of small schools of fish using information theory.

How synaptic changes translate to behavior changes
Learning changes behavior by altering many connections between brain cells in a variety of ways all at the same time, according to a study of sea slugs recently published in JNeurosci.

I won't have what he's having: The brain and socially motivated behavior
Monkeys devalue rewards when they anticipate that another monkey will get them instead.

Unlocking animal behavior through motion
Using physics to study different types of animal motion, such as burrowing worms or flying flocks, can reveal how animals behave in different settings.

AI to help monitor behavior
Algorithms based on artificial intelligence do better at supporting educational and clinical decision-making, according to a new study.

Increasing opportunities for sustainable behavior
To mitigate climate change and safeguard ecosystems, we need to make drastic changes in our consumption and transport behaviors.

Predicting a protein's behavior from its appearance
Researchers at EPFL have developed a new way to predict a protein's interactions with other proteins and biomolecules, and its biochemical activity, merely by observing its surface.

Spirituality affects the behavior of mortgagers
According to Olga Miroshnichenko, a Sc.D in Economics, and a Professor at the Department of Economics and Finance, Tyumen State University, morals affect the thinking of mortgage payers and help them avoid past due payments.

Asking if behavior can be changed on climate crisis
One of the more complex problems facing social psychologists today is whether any intervention can move people to change their behavior about climate change and protecting the environment for the sake of future generations.

Read More: Behavior News and Behavior Current Events is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to