Nav: Home

Poor health literacy a public health issue

October 13, 2016

America's poor record on health literacy is a public health issue, but one that can be fixed - not by logging onto the internet but by increased interaction with your fellow human beings, a Michigan State University researcher argues.

In a paper published in the journal BMC Public Health, MSU's R.V. Rikard and colleagues found that people who are more connected with others on a personal level are more literate when it comes to health matters.

Specifically, the researchers discovered that people who are more engaged civically - those who vote and volunteer - are more health literate than those who don't.

"Gathering information is more than just getting on the internet," said Rikard, a post-doctoral research associate in the Department of Media and Information and lead author of the paper. "It's face-to-face. It's engaging with community.

"If you volunteer, you are more likely to have a higher level of health literacy."

Health literacy is defined as a person's ability to not only process and understand basic health information, but to be able to act on that information and make the appropriate decisions.

Rikard said that while gathering health information from the internet is not an all-bad thing to do, ultimately health literacy "is a social concept and should be treated as such." He said when people discuss this information with others, they have a better chance of understanding it.

"Generally speaking, the best sources of information are family and friends," he said. "But it depends on the context. A young man diagnosed with HIV probably wouldn't want to discuss that with his parents. But a woman in menopause would talk about it with other women."

To do the research, Rikard and colleagues did a deep analysis of the National Assessment of Adult Literacy, a 2003 project that surveyed more than 14,000 Americans on their health literacy levels.

Some of their other findings included:

  • People who frequent libraries have higher health literacy than those who don't.

  • Women have higher health literacy than men.

  • People who are married, or are living as married, have higher health literacy than those who are single.

  • Among ethnic minorities, those born in the United States have better health literacy than those born in their native countries.

"One of the lessons from this is we have to do a better job with health communication," Rikard said. "We have to put it in a social context, knowing where people live and how they communicate with one another."
-end-
To access the paper, visit https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-016-3621-9.

Other members of the research team were Maxine Thompson, North Carolina State University; Julie McKinney, Health Literacy Services; and Alison Beauchamp, Deakin University, Australia.

Michigan State University

Related Logging Articles:

Forensic chemical analysis of wood could stop illegal logging
Researchers at the USDA Forest Service have developed a technique to tackle illegal logging by pinpointing the wood's origin to a smaller area than ever before (<100 km).
Logging threatens breeding turtles
Debris from logging in tropical forests is threatening the survival of hatchling leatherback turtles and the success of mothers at one of the world's most important nesting sites in Colombia.
Vegetation resilient to salvage logging after severe wildfire
Nearly a decade after being logged, vegetation in forested areas severely burned by California's Cone Fire in 2002 was relatively similar to areas untouched by logging equipment.
Conservation practices may leave African indigenous populations behind
Conservation and logging groups in Central and West Africa are failing to fully incorporate local concerns into management, marginalizing the livelihoods of the local population, according to Nathan Clay, Ph.D. candidate in geography, Penn State.
Amazonia's best and worst areas for carbon recovery revealed
The first mapping of carbon recovery in Amazonian forests following emissions released by commercial logging activities has been published in the journal eLife.
More Logging News and Logging Current Events

Best Science Podcasts 2019

We have hand picked the best science podcasts for 2019. Sit back and enjoy new science podcasts updated daily from your favorite science news services and scientists.
Now Playing: TED Radio Hour

Anthropomorphic
Do animals grieve? Do they have language or consciousness? For a long time, scientists resisted the urge to look for human qualities in animals. This hour, TED speakers explore how that is changing. Guests include biological anthropologist Barbara King, dolphin researcher Denise Herzing, primatologist Frans de Waal, and ecologist Carl Safina.
Now Playing: Science for the People

#534 Bacteria are Coming for Your OJ
What makes breakfast, breakfast? Well, according to every movie and TV show we've ever seen, a big glass of orange juice is basically required. But our morning grapefruit might be in danger. Why? Citrus greening, a bacteria carried by a bug, has infected 90% of the citrus groves in Florida. It's coming for your OJ. We'll talk with University of Maryland plant virologist Anne Simon about ways to stop the citrus killer, and with science writer and journalist Maryn McKenna about why throwing antibiotics at the problem is probably not the solution. Related links: A Review of the Citrus Greening...