Catholic OB-GYNs can face moral dilemmas in issues of family planning

October 16, 2020

AURORA, Colo. (Oct. 16, 2020) - A study of Catholic obstetrician-gynecologists shows that many face moral dilemmas when dealing with issues of family planning and abortion due to their religious faith, according researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus.

The study, published this week in JAMA Network Open, revealed that some Catholic Ob/Gyn practitioners lean toward natural methods of birth control and do not perform abortions due to their faith, while others believe providing a full range of services to those in need is intrinsic to their religious teachings.

"The primary outcome was understanding how participants describe integration of Catholic values with family planning service provision," the study said.

The intersection of family planning and Catholicism highlights a complex relationship between religion and medicine. The US Conference of Catholic Bishops provides medical guidelines called the Ethical and Religious Directives for Catholic Health Care Services, known as the Directives. They are intended for all practitioners in Catholic health care settings and for Catholic physicians in non-Catholic settings. The Directives only allow for natural family planning counseling for heterosexual married couples.

The researchers interviewed 34 Catholic obstetrician-gynecologists - 27 or 79.4% were women - from 19 states. `Low' practitioners were described as those who provided natural family planning only. `Moderate' practitioners provided additional contraceptive methods. `High' practitioners offered a full range of family planning services including abortions. In this study, there were 10 low, 15 moderate and 9 high practitioners.

Researchers found a complex web of reasons and rationale for how practitioners decided what services to provide.

Those who only offered natural family planning, or `low' practitioners, focused on the patient's broader circumstances and sought to avoid interfering with natural conception.

" the realm of family planning I have never really felt that I could justify introducing harm if the only thing I'm getting from it is the disruption of something that's working normally to begin with..." said one such doctor.

Physicians dubbed as `moderate' worked hard to prevent abortion by providing contraception. If pregnancy occurred, they would often refer the patient to an abortion provider.

A `moderate' practitioner put it this way:

"I have no problems prescribing birth control or doing tubal ligations. I know the Catholic church frowns upon birth control as well as tubals, but it's something I feel like I'm doing less harm than more harm. If it were an ideal world I wouldn't have to prescribe birth control to teenagers, or people who are single, but unfortunately, it's not. So I see it as the lesser of two evils. The other evil would be getting pregnant and then ending up with going to terminate the pregnancy."

Those called `high' practitioners tended to believe patient needs trumped their own personal beliefs. Providing family planning services, some said, was a way of achieving social justice.

"What Jesus taught, washing the feet of people who are beggars. You take the lowest person and you treat them with compassion. Not that women getting abortions are low, I don't mean that, but I mean in the sense that other people will reject them and treat them poorly, and we do the opposite. We try to mentor them and treat them well, which it's a reversal, and I think it's completely in line with the Catholic faith. Just looking out for the poor and the people who are rejected by others," said one such doctor.

The paper's lead author, Angela Marchin, MD, who did the research while a fellow at the University of Colorado School of Medicine, said the study showed that `just like we know each patient is different, healthcare provision is not a one-size-fits-all for Catholic providers.'

"Catholic Ob/Gyns provide a range of reproductive health services, including abortion, and they're all consistent with different Catholic values and medical ethics," said Marchin. "Our study shows how moral and ethical values are integrated in the context of Catholicism and medical practice."

The findings could lead to better guidance for exercises and workshops tailored to the inherent conflicts and sensitive nature of this intersection of medicine and religion.

"Understanding the dilemmas faced by Catholic obstetrician-gynecologists and their moral and ethical decision-making can improve discourse on this topic and help destigmatize the varying choices Catholic patients and health professionals make," Marchin said. "Physician concerns may provide insight to church leaders charged with providing guidance for modern medical issues."
The study co-authors include Rebecca Seale, MA; Jeanelle Sheeder, PhD, MSPH; Stephanie Teal, MD, MPH and Maryam Guiahi, MD, MSc. Dr. Guiahi is now with Planned Parenthood of the California Central Coast. Dr. Marchin is now with Planned Parenthood of the Rocky Mountains.

About the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus

The University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus is a world-class medical destination at the forefront of transformative science, medicine, education, and healthcare. The campus encompasses the University of Colorado health professional schools, more than 60 centers and institutes, and two nationally ranked hospitals that treat more than 2 million adult and pediatric patients each year. Innovative, interconnected and highly collaborative, together we deliver life-changing treatments, patient care, professional training, and conduct world-renowned research powered by more than $500 million in research awards. For more information, visit

University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus

Related Family Planning Articles from Brightsurf:

Catholic OB-GYNs can face moral dilemmas in issues of family planning
A study of Catholic obstetrician-gynecologists shows that many face moral dilemmas when dealing with issues of family planning and abortion due to their religious faith, according researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus.

Better conservation planning can improve human life too
Conservation planning can be greatly improved to benefit human communities, while still protecting biodiversity, according to University of Queensland research.

Graduates of family medicine residencies are likely to enter and remain in family medicine
This study provides an overview of the characteristics of physicians who completed family medicine residency training from 1994 to 2017.

Planning for a growing elderly population
The fact that people are living longer lives represents one of the crowning achievements of the last century, but also requires careful planning on the part of governments.

Engaging in family meals starts with healthy family communication
Engaging in family meals may be a matter of improving communication and support at home.

Study finds childhood cancer does not affect parental separation, divorce, and family planning in Denmark
The diagnosis of cancer in a child can be devastating to parents and other loved ones, but in a recent study from Denmark, having a child with cancer did not appear to impact parents' risk of separation or divorce or affect future family planning.

Exclusions in family planning programs and health statistics contravene human rights
Infertility impinges on the human right to have a child, according to new research published today, which also calls for greater healthcare equity and more inclusive reproductive health surveillance.

Family members' emotional attachment limits family firm growth
New research led by Lancaster University Management School's Centre for Family Business shows family-related considerations often trump a desire to grow and expand in family firms.

Child deaths in Africa could be prevented by family planning
Children under 5 years of age in Africa are much more likely to die as a direct result of poor health linked to air pollution, unsafe water, lack of sanitation, increased family size, and environmental degradation, according to the first continent-wide investigation of its kind.

Religious hospitals often fail to supply adequate family planning training
Nearly half of all Catholic and other religious hospitals fail to comply with required abortion and family planning training for obstetrics and gynecology residents, putting women at potential risk, according to a new study from the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus

Read More: Family Planning News and Family Planning Current Events is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to