Researchers report high burden of infections acquired in hospitals in Europe

October 18, 2016

More than 2.5 million cases of healthcare-associated infections are estimated to occur in the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA) each year, according to a study published by Alessandro Cassini, Diamantis Plachouras and colleagues from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), The Robert Koch Institute (Berlin, Germany) and the Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (Bilthoven, The Netherlands), in PLOS Medicine.

The researchers used data from the ECDC point prevalence survey of healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial use in European acute care hospitals to estimate the burden of six common types of healthcare-associated infections: healthcare-associated pneumonia, healthcare-associated urinary tract infections, surgical site infections, healthcare-associated Clostridium difficile infections, healthcare-associated neonatal sepsis, and healthcare-associated primary bloodstream infections. They estimated that the more than 2.5 million cases of these healthcare-associated infections occurring each year in the EU/EEA result in a burden of approximately 2.5 million disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). Furthermore, the combined burden for Europe of these six types of healthcare-associated infections was estimated to be higher than that of other communicable diseases under surveillance at ECDC, such as influenza, HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis.

While the findings are limited by the accuracy of some of the estimates, the authors were able to adjust the analysis according to the severity of the underlying condition that was the reason for the initial hospitalization.

The authors note that "infections acquired in hospitals are a common and largely preventable complication of hospitalization and surgery," and that "increasing efforts for prevention are imperative to decrease this burden."
-end-
Research Article

Funding: The authors received no specific funding for this work.

Competing Interests: MEK is a member of the Editorial Board of PLOS Medicine.

Citation: Cassini A, Plachouras D, Eckmanns T, Abu Sin M, Blank H-P, Ducomble T, et al. (2016) Burden of Six Healthcare-Associated Infections on European Population Health: Estimating Incidence-Based Disability-Adjusted Life Years through a Population Prevalence-Based Modelling Study. PLoS Med 13(10): e1002150. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1002150

Author Affiliations:
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, Sweden
Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany
Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands

IN YOUR COVERAGE PLEASE USE THIS URL TO PROVIDE ACCESS TO THE FREELY AVAILABLE PAPER: http://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.10012150

PLOS

Related Public Health Articles from Brightsurf:

COVID-19 and the decolonization of Indigenous public health
Indigenous self-determination, leadership and knowledge have helped protect Indigenous communities in Canada during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, and these principles should be incorporated into public health in future, argue the authors of a commentary in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) http://www.cmaj.ca/lookup/doi/10.1503/cmaj.200852.

Public health consequences of policing homelessness
In a new study examining homelessness, researchers find that policy such a lifestyle has massive public health implications, making sleeping on the street even MORE unhealthy.

Electronic health information exchange improves public health disease reporting
Disease tracking is an important area of focus for health departments in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Pandemic likely to cause long-term health problems, Yale School of Public Health finds
The coronavirus pandemic's life-altering effects are likely to result in lasting physical and mental health consequences for many people--particularly those from vulnerable populations--a new study led by the Yale School of Public Health finds.

The Lancet Public Health: US modelling study estimates impact of school closures for COVID-19 on US health-care workforce and associated mortality
US policymakers considering physical distancing measures to slow the spread of COVID-19 face a difficult trade-off between closing schools to reduce transmission and new cases, and potential health-care worker absenteeism due to additional childcare needs that could ultimately increase mortality from COVID-19, according to new modelling research published in The Lancet Public Health journal.

The Lancet Public Health: Access to identification documents reflecting gender identity may improve trans mental health
Results from a survey of over 20,000 American trans adults suggest that having access to identification documents which reflect their identified gender helps to improve their mental health and may reduce suicidal thoughts, according to a study published in The Lancet Public Health journal.

The Lancet Public Health: Study estimates mental health impact of welfare reform, Universal Credit, in Great Britain
The 2013 Universal Credit welfare reform appears to have led to an increase in the prevalence of psychological distress among unemployed recipients, according to a nationally representative study following more than 52,000 working-age individuals from England, Wales, and Scotland over nine years between 2009-2018, published as part of an issue of The Lancet Public Health journal on income and health.

BU researchers: Pornography is not a 'public health crisis'
Researchers from the Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) have written an editorial in the American Journal of Public Health special February issue arguing against the claim that pornography is a public health crisis, and explaining why such a claim actually endangers the health of the public.

The Lancet Public Health: Ageism linked to poorer health in older people in England
Ageism may be linked with poorer health in older people in England, according to an observational study of over 7,500 people aged over 50 published in The Lancet Public Health journal.

Study: Public transportation use linked to better public health
Promoting robust public transportation systems may come with a bonus for public health -- lower obesity rates.

Read More: Public Health News and Public Health Current Events
Brightsurf.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.