Nav: Home

Researchers report high burden of infections acquired in hospitals in Europe

October 18, 2016

More than 2.5 million cases of healthcare-associated infections are estimated to occur in the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA) each year, according to a study published by Alessandro Cassini, Diamantis Plachouras and colleagues from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), The Robert Koch Institute (Berlin, Germany) and the Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (Bilthoven, The Netherlands), in PLOS Medicine.

The researchers used data from the ECDC point prevalence survey of healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial use in European acute care hospitals to estimate the burden of six common types of healthcare-associated infections: healthcare-associated pneumonia, healthcare-associated urinary tract infections, surgical site infections, healthcare-associated Clostridium difficile infections, healthcare-associated neonatal sepsis, and healthcare-associated primary bloodstream infections. They estimated that the more than 2.5 million cases of these healthcare-associated infections occurring each year in the EU/EEA result in a burden of approximately 2.5 million disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). Furthermore, the combined burden for Europe of these six types of healthcare-associated infections was estimated to be higher than that of other communicable diseases under surveillance at ECDC, such as influenza, HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis.

While the findings are limited by the accuracy of some of the estimates, the authors were able to adjust the analysis according to the severity of the underlying condition that was the reason for the initial hospitalization.

The authors note that "infections acquired in hospitals are a common and largely preventable complication of hospitalization and surgery," and that "increasing efforts for prevention are imperative to decrease this burden."
Research Article

Funding: The authors received no specific funding for this work.

Competing Interests: MEK is a member of the Editorial Board of PLOS Medicine.

Citation: Cassini A, Plachouras D, Eckmanns T, Abu Sin M, Blank H-P, Ducomble T, et al. (2016) Burden of Six Healthcare-Associated Infections on European Population Health: Estimating Incidence-Based Disability-Adjusted Life Years through a Population Prevalence-Based Modelling Study. PLoS Med 13(10): e1002150. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1002150

Author Affiliations:
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, Sweden
Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany
Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands



Related Public Health Articles:

The Lancet Public Health: Ageism linked to poorer health in older people in England
Ageism may be linked with poorer health in older people in England, according to an observational study of over 7,500 people aged over 50 published in The Lancet Public Health journal.
Study: Public transportation use linked to better public health
Promoting robust public transportation systems may come with a bonus for public health -- lower obesity rates.
Bloomberg American Health Initiative releases special public health reports supplement
With US life expectancy now on the decline for two consecutive years, the Bloomberg American Health Initiative is releasing a supplement to Public Health Reports, the scholarly journal of the US Surgeon General.
Data does the heavy lifting: Encouraging new public health approaches to promote the health benefits of muscle-strengthening exercise (MSE)
According to a new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, almost 75 percent of US adults do not comply with public health guidelines recommending two or more muscle-strengthening exercise (MSE) sessions a week, with nearly 60 percent of the population doing no MSE at all.
The Lancet Public Health: Moderate carbohydrate intake may be best for health
Low-carb diets that replace carbohydrates with proteins and fats from plant sources associated with lower risk of mortality compared to those that replace carbohydrates with proteins and fat from animal sources.
More Public Health News and Public Health Current Events

Best Science Podcasts 2019

We have hand picked the best science podcasts for 2019. Sit back and enjoy new science podcasts updated daily from your favorite science news services and scientists.
Now Playing: TED Radio Hour

Rethinking Anger
Anger is universal and complex: it can be quiet, festering, justified, vengeful, and destructive. This hour, TED speakers explore the many sides of anger, why we need it, and who's allowed to feel it. Guests include psychologists Ryan Martin and Russell Kolts, writer Soraya Chemaly, former talk radio host Lisa Fritsch, and business professor Dan Moshavi.
Now Playing: Science for the People

#537 Science Journalism, Hold the Hype
Everyone's seen a piece of science getting over-exaggerated in the media. Most people would be quick to blame journalists and big media for getting in wrong. In many cases, you'd be right. But there's other sources of hype in science journalism. and one of them can be found in the humble, and little-known press release. We're talking with Chris Chambers about doing science about science journalism, and where the hype creeps in. Related links: The association between exaggeration in health related science news and academic press releases: retrospective observational study Claims of causality in health news: a randomised trial This...