Predicting who is most likely to quit smoking

October 19, 2002

This release is also available in French, Spanish, Italian, and German.

Strategies to help patients quit smoking should start as soon as possible after diagnosis of cancer, when patients are most responsive, delegates were told at the European Society of Medical Oncology Congress today (19 October 2002). Dr Ian Olver, from the Royal Adelaide Hospital Cancer Centre, Australia, presented the results of a study of 384 people into the effectiveness of self-motivation techniques to encourage people to give up smoking, compared to simply telling them to stop.

Using this technique, patients are motivated to quit smoking through a series of telephone and personal counselling sessions, providing support for them and their families and offering them nicotine replacement therapy. "We want people to see the benefits for themselves," said Dr Olver. A control group was advised to stop using the standard anti-smoking information available.

"The results did not show a dramatic improvement in success in quitting smoking," said Dr Olver. The strategy that enables the counsellor to get to know the patient and why they smoke is labour-intensive and time-consuming but the team hoped it would yield better results. However, Dr Olver identified several significant factors that contributed to whether cancer patients would give up smoking. Those who did were more likely to have smoking-related cancer, such as lung, head and neck or bladder cancer. They would have made more attempts to quit in the previous 12 months and were less likely to have had radiotherapy or surgery.

"The results were surprising and somewhat disappointing," said Dr Olver. "However, we gained some valuable information that will help us develop new programmes to help people quit. Our findings stress the need to offer different strategies tailor-made to the individual, as far as possible," he said. It is important that quit programmes are implemented and maintained within the overall treatment regime. Healthcare providers need great sensitivity when discussing smoking with a patient and to understand the reason they smoke. For instance, if the patient smokes because they are stressed, the cause of the stress should be tackled.

Many patients believe that once they have been diagnosed with cancer, it is beyond the point at which giving up smoking can make any difference. "That is just not true. It is never too late to stop. Quitting smoking can improve your outcome, even after diagnosis," Dr Olver emphasised to patients.

European Society for Medical Oncology

Related Cancer Articles from Brightsurf:

New blood cancer treatment works by selectively interfering with cancer cell signalling
University of Alberta scientists have identified the mechanism of action behind a new type of precision cancer drug for blood cancers that is set for human trials, according to research published in Nature Communications.

UCI researchers uncover cancer cell vulnerabilities; may lead to better cancer therapies
A new University of California, Irvine-led study reveals a protein responsible for genetic changes resulting in a variety of cancers, may also be the key to more effective, targeted cancer therapy.

Breast cancer treatment costs highest among young women with metastic cancer
In a fight for their lives, young women, age 18-44, spend double the amount of older women to survive metastatic breast cancer, according to a large statewide study by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Cancer mortality continues steady decline, driven by progress against lung cancer
The cancer death rate declined by 29% from 1991 to 2017, including a 2.2% drop from 2016 to 2017, the largest single-year drop in cancer mortality ever reported.

Stress in cervical cancer patients associated with higher risk of cancer-specific mortality
Psychological stress was associated with a higher risk of cancer-specific mortality in women diagnosed with cervical cancer.

Cancer-sniffing dogs 97% accurate in identifying lung cancer, according to study in JAOA
The next step will be to further fractionate the samples based on chemical and physical properties, presenting them back to the dogs until the specific biomarkers for each cancer are identified.

Moffitt Cancer Center researchers identify one way T cell function may fail in cancer
Moffitt Cancer Center researchers have discovered a mechanism by which one type of immune cell, CD8+ T cells, can become dysfunctional, impeding its ability to seek and kill cancer cells.

More cancer survivors, fewer cancer specialists point to challenge in meeting care needs
An aging population, a growing number of cancer survivors, and a projected shortage of cancer care providers will result in a challenge in delivering the care for cancer survivors in the United States if systemic changes are not made.

New cancer vaccine platform a potential tool for efficacious targeted cancer therapy
Researchers at the University of Helsinki have discovered a solution in the form of a cancer vaccine platform for improving the efficacy of oncolytic viruses used in cancer treatment.

American Cancer Society outlines blueprint for cancer control in the 21st century
The American Cancer Society is outlining its vision for cancer control in the decades ahead in a series of articles that forms the basis of a national cancer control plan.

Read More: Cancer News and Cancer Current Events is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to