Open access: Delivering on its potential

October 23, 2012

This week, October 22-28, marks Open Access Week, a global event that brings various parties together to discuss, publicize and advocate for open access. On October 23, leading open access journal PLOS Biology publishes an editorial that aims to direct this year's discussion towards the need to focus on the reusability of, and not just access to, the research literature.

With the incredible rise in the number of open access research papers available online, it is now time to focus on ensuring that we can make the most out of that access, argues Cameron Neylon, Advocacy Director at PLOS and author of the editorial.

"If we are to exploit the potential that open access provides," writes Neylon, "we must look beyond just making research findings accessible to ensuring that they are legally and technically available for re-use." Many journals that currently claim to publish 'open access' research actually withhold rights such as re-use, particularly commercial re-use, under the terms of their licence. This, says Neylon, is at odds with the idea of open access, and must be addressed if we are to make full use of open research. "Mere access is not enough to deliver on the promise of a truly network-enabled research communication system," he says.

The scientific community is at a point where more research is accessible than ever before, and this is only going to continue growing as funders, policy-makers and institutions across the world are enacting their own open access initiatives. Being able to build upon this research, to gather data, and to refine results is key to scientific progress, and is the only way to ensure that science can advance at the speed of which it is now capable thanks to the growth of the Internet, the editorial explains.

There have already been many examples of how research can progress when resources and information are fully shareable and useable thanks to worldwide networks, and there can be countless more if a system is built that enables scientists to fully and easily build on each other's work, argues Neylon. As he explains, "Making things accessible is a necessary step to make this happen, but it is not sufficient."
Competing interests: The author is an employee of PLOS whose salary is supported by PLOS income derived from the publication of open-access papers.

Citation: Neylon C (2012) More Than Just Access: Delivering on a Network-Enabled Literature. PLoS Biol 10(10): e1001417. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1001417CONTACT:

Dr Cameron Neylon
Advocacy Director, PLOS
Carlyle House
Carlyle Road
Cambridge, CB4 3DN
United Kingdom

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