Pittsburgh researchers target genetic, environmental threats to maternal and fetal health

October 28, 2002

PITTSBURGH, Oct. 28 - The Pittsburgh Development Center of the Magee-Womens Research Institute, and four other Oakland-based health care and academic institutions will share a $5.9 million grant from the National Institutes of Health's Office of Research on Women's Health to study genetic and environmental causes of adverse pregnancy outcomes over five years.

Researchers from the Pittsburgh Development Center, Magee-Womens Hospital, the University of Pittsburgh, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh and Carnegie Mellon University will be partners in the project as an NIH-designated Specialized Center of Research (SCOR) on Sex and Gender Factors Affecting Women's Health. The Pittsburgh-based team will be one of 11 designated by the NIH in the U.S., and the only one in Pennsylvania.

Leading the effort will be principal investigator Gerald Schatten, Ph.D., director of the Pittsburgh Development Center; and Sarah Berga, M.D., a professor in the departments of obstetrics, gynecology and reproductive sciences and psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

"We all know that genetic inheritance plays a vital role in overall health," said Dr. Schatten, who also is vice chair for research development and professor of obstetrics, gynecology, reproductive sciences, cell biology and physiology at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine."But prenatal environmental exposures also help to trace a lifelong health history. This is a major, under-investigated priority that affects not only women's health, but also the health of developing fetuses and infants."

The Pittsburgh team will conduct clinical and pre-clinical studies that focus on the genetic components of recurrent miscarriage, normal and abnormal pregnancy and the maternal and fetal consequences of tobacco smoke exposure. Research protocols will use non-invasive diagnostic imaging scans including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET) and computed tomography (CT). Through use of unique genetic markers and imaging, researchers should be able to track development at the cellular level, mapping the effects of genetic variants that jeopardize healthy fetal growth and pregnancy.

This is tremendously exciting for us," said Dr. Berga, who also is director of the division of reproductive endocrinology and infertility at Magee-Womens Hospital of the UPMC Health System. "Data that we gather may one day answer questions about major women's health problems regarding the dynamic interplay among fetal and maternal genetics and the costs of our earliest environmental exposures."
-end-
Other investigators for this Pittsburgh Development Center consortium are J. Richard Chaillet, M.D., Ph.D., and Patrizia Luppi, M.D., both of Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh; Julie DeLoia, Ph.D., and James Roberts, M.D., both of the Magee-Womens Research Institute; Eric Ahrens, Ph.D., and Chien Ho, Ph.D., both of Carnegie Mellon University (CMU); and Calvin Simerly, Ph.D., Laura Hewitson, Ph.D., Kowit-Yu Chong, Ph.D., Christopher Navara, Ph.D., Saverio Capuano, DVM, Tracy Prosen, M.D., W. Allen Hogge, M.D., Steve Caritis, M.D., Hyagriv Simhan, M.D., Kristine Lain, M.D., Barry Stripp, Ph.D., Chet Mathis, Ph.D. and N. Scott Mason, Ph.D. In addition, all are faculty members of the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Graduate School of Public Health or CMU.

The NIH's SCOR grants are given in partnership with the Office of Research on Women's Health to foster interdisciplinary and collaborative research on issues affecting women's health. The ultimate aim is to improve the health of women through biomedical and behavioral research.

kr/10-09-02

CONTACT:
Michele D. Baum
UPMC News Bureau
PHONE: (412) 647-3555
E-MAIL: BaumMD@upmc.edu

CONTACT:
Diane Lewis
Magee-Womens Hospital
PHONE: (412) 641-1861
EMAIL: dlewis@mail.magee.edu

University of Pittsburgh Medical Center

Related Pregnancy Articles from Brightsurf:

COVID-19 has a prolonged effect for many during pregnancy
Symptoms for pregnant women with COVID-19 can be prolonged, lasting two months or longer for a quarter of the women who participated in a national study led by UC San Francisco and UCLA.

Relaxed through pregnancy
A group of researchers from Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin have been able to show that maternal psychological wellbeing during pregnancy has a positive effect on newborn infants.

Trajectories of antidepressant medication use during pregnancy
In an analysis of women who started pregnancy when taking antidepressant medications, investigators identified three trajectories of antidepressant dispensing during pregnancy: more than half stopped their treatment, a quarter maintained their treatment throughout pregnancy, and one-fifth discontinued it for a minimum of three months and then resumed it during the postpartum period.

Are women using e-cigarettes during preconception and/or pregnancy?
A new study of 1,365 racially/ethnically diverse, low-income pregnant women found that 4% reported e-cigarette use.

A better pregnancy test for whales
To determine whale pregnancy, researchers have relied on visual cues or hormone tests of blubber collected via darts, but the results were often inconclusive.

Cannabis use during pregnancy
The large health care system Kaiser Permanente Northern California provides universal screening for prenatal cannabis use in women during pregnancy by self-report and urine toxicology testing.

Questions and answers about cannabis use during pregnancy
A new study shows that women have many medical questions about the use of cannabis both before and during pregnancy, and during the postpartum period while breastfeeding.

The effect of taking antidepressants during pregnancy
Exposure to antidepressants during pregnancy and the first weeks of life can alter sensory processing well into adulthood, according to research in mice recently published in eNeuro.

Is ivermectin safe during pregnancy?
Is it safe to give ivermectin to pregnant women? To answer this question, researchers from the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal), an institution supported by 'la Caixa,' conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that reported cases of accidental exposure to the drug among pregnant women.

Going to sleep on your back in late pregnancy
This study looked at whether going to sleep on your back in the third trimester of pregnancy was associated with average lower birth weights.

Read More: Pregnancy News and Pregnancy Current Events
Brightsurf.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.