Antibiotic prescribing in local communities is linked to localised resistance

November 04, 1999

(Antibiotic prescribing and antibiotic resistance in community practice: retrospective study, 1996-8)

In this week's BMJ a team of researchers from Wales show for the first time that antibiotic prescribing within geographic communities can lead to localised antibiotic resistance. Dr John Magee from the Public Health Laboratory Service along with colleagues from the University of Wales College of Medicine and Bro Taf Health Authority report the findings of a two year study involving patients in North and South Wales. The authors examined the results of antibiotic sensitivity tests on bacteria in urine samples that had been taken by general practitioners for the purposes of diagnosing urinary tract infections.

Magee et al found that the correlation between the prescribing of certain antibiotics and resistance to those same antibiotics was often significant. They say that this is the first survey to suggest such geographically localised effects from antibiotic use in communities. The authors conclude that their findings "...bring the debate on prescribing in the community from the national to the local level and provide preliminary evidence that doctors may have to face the broader consequences of their antibiotic prescribing among their own patients."
-end-
Contact:

Simon Gregor, Head of Press and Media Activities, Public Health Laboratory Service Headquarters, Colindale Avenue, London Email: sgregor@phls.nhs.uk

BMJ

Related Antibiotics Articles from Brightsurf:

Insights in the search for new antibiotics
A collaborative research team from the University of Oklahoma, the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center and Merck & Co. published an opinion article in the journal, Nature Chemical Biology, that addresses the gap in the discovery of new antibiotics.

New tricks for old antibiotics
The study published in the journal Immunity reveals that tetracyclines (broad spectre antibiotics), by partially inhibiting cell mitochondria activity, induce a compensatory response on the organism that decreases tissue damage caused during infection.

Benefits, risks seen with antibiotics-first for appendicitis
Antibiotics are a good choice for some patients with appendicitis but not all, according to study results published today in the New England Journal of Medicine.

How antibiotics interact
Understanding bottleneck effects in the translation of bacterial proteins can lead to a more effective combination of antibiotics / study in 'Nature Communications'

Are antivitamins the new antibiotics?
Antibiotics are among the most important discoveries of modern medicine and have saved millions of lives since the discovery of penicillin almost 100 years ago.

Hygiene reduces the need for antibiotics by up to 30%
A new paper published in the American Journal of Infection Control (AJIC), finds improved everyday hygiene practices, such as hand-washing, reduces the risk of common infections by up to 50%, reducing the need for antibiotics, by up to 30%.

Antibiotics: City dwellers and children take the most
City dwellers take more antibiotics than people in rural areas; children and the elderly use them more often than middle-aged people; the use of antibiotics decreases as education increases, but only in rich countries: These are three of the more striking trends identified by researchers of the NRW Forschungskolleg ''One Health and Urban Transformation'' at the University of Bonn.

Metals could be the link to new antibiotics
Compounds containing metals could hold the key to the next generation of antibiotics to combat the growing threat of global antibiotic resistance.

Antibiotics from the sea
The team led by Prof. Christian Jogler of Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, has succeeded in cultivating several dozen marine bacteria in the laboratory -- bacteria that had previously been paid little attention.

Antibiotics not necessary for most toothaches, according to new ADA guideline
The American Dental Association (ADA) announced today a new guideline indicating that in most cases, antibiotics are not recommended for toothaches.

Read More: Antibiotics News and Antibiotics Current Events
Brightsurf.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.