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Jounrnal of Neuroscience: Highlights from the November 9 issue

November 09, 2016

Check out these newsworthy symposia featured in the November 9, 2016, issue of JNeurosci. The symposia will be presented during Neuroscience 2016, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience (SfN) and the world's largest source of emerging news about brain science and health. Media interested in obtaining the full text of the studies should contact (link Media can register for Neuroscience 2016 here to access embargoed news releases and live webcasts of nine press conferences during the meeting.

Aberrant Brain Cell Scaffolding May Be Linked to Developmental Disorders

Many neurons receive incoming chemical messages at microscopic protrusions called dendritic spines that decorate the surface of neurons. Protein scaffolding, or cytoskeleton, inside dendritic spines is remodeled when new spines are added during memory formation. In a symposium at Neuroscience 2016, researchers discuss a growing body of evidence linking disruptions in the cytoskeleton to a number of developmental brain disorders, including schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorder. Many genetic variants associated with these disorders regulate cytoskeleton remodeling in response to incoming chemical messages, and individuals with developmental brain disorders often have abnormal dendritic spines.

Symposium: Synaptic Actin Dysregulation: A Convergent Mechanism of Mental Disorders?

Saturday, Nov. 12, 1:30-4 p.m. PST, San Diego Convention Center: Room 6B

Chair: Scott H. Soderling,

Web-Like Structures Surrounding Neurons Constrain Brain Plasticity

Web-like structures made of proteins and carbohydrates wrap around certain neurons in the brain and spinal cord. Called perineuronal nets, these structures form during nervous system development and constrain synaptic plasticity, or the ability of neurons to remodel and strengthen their connections with each other. In a minisymposium at Neuroscience 2016, researchers discuss how perineuronal nets control plasticity in both the young and aging brain. They also explore emerging evidence that perineuronal nets are altered in Alzheimer's disease, addiction, and developmental psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia.

Minisymposium: Casting a Wide Net: Role of Perineuronal Nets in Neuronal Plasticity

Monday, Nov. 14, 1:30-4 p.m. PST; San Diego Convention Center: Room 29D

Chair: Barbara A. Sorg,

Brain's Motivation Circuits Battle With Energy Signals to Control Food Intake

How do we know when to eat? And what tells us to stop? The answer, in part, lies in cells lining the gastrointestinal tract and fat cells, which secrete hormones signaling hunger and satiety. These hormones interact with brain circuits governing motivation and reward to prompt or suppress feeding. In a minisymposium at Neuroscience 2016, researchers review how specific areas of the brain control food intake and how hunger and satiety signals alter their activity. They also discuss an emerging hypothesis positing the maladaptive eating behaviors in eating disorders and obesity result from impaired interactions between energy signals and the brain.

Minisymposium: Homeostasis Versus Motivation in the Battle to Control Food Intake

Saturday, Nov. 12, 1:30-4 p.m. PST; San Diego Convention Center: Room 29D

Chair: Eoin C. O'Connor,

The Journal of Neuroscience is published by the Society for Neuroscience, an organization of nearly 38,000 basic scientists and clinicians who study the brain and nervous system.

Society for Neuroscience

Related Neurons Articles:

New tool to identify and control neurons
One of the big challenges in the Neuroscience field is to understand how connections and communications trigger our behavior.
Neurons that regenerate, neurons that die
In a new study published in Neuron, investigators report on a transcription factor that they have found that can help certain neurons regenerate, while simultaneously killing others.
How neurons use crowdsourcing to make decisions
When many individual neurons collect data, how do they reach a unanimous decision?
Neurons can learn temporal patterns
Individual neurons can learn not only single responses to a particular signal, but also a series of reactions at precisely timed intervals.
A turbo engine for tracing neurons
Putting a turbo engine into an old car gives it an entirely new life -- suddenly it can go further, faster.
Brain neurons help keep track of time
Turning the theory of how the human brain perceives time on its head, a novel analysis in mice reveals that dopamine neuron activity plays a key role in judgment of time, slowing down the internal clock.
During infancy, neurons are still finding their places
Researchers have identified a large population of previously unrecognized young neurons that migrate in the human brain during the first few months of life, contributing to the expansion of the frontal lobe, a region important for social behavior and executive function.
How many types of neurons are there in the brain?
For decades, scientists have struggled to develop a comprehensive census of cell types in the brain.
Molecular body guards for neurons
In the brain, patterns of neural activity are perfectly balanced.
Engineering researchers use laser to 'weld' neurons
University of Alberta researchers have developed a method of connecting neurons, using ultrashort laser pulses -- a breakthrough technique that opens the door to new medical research and treatment opportunities.

Related Neurons Reading:

The Neuron: Cell and Molecular Biology
by Irwin B. Levitan (Author), Leonard K. Kaczmarek (Author)

From Neurons to Neighborhoods : The Science of Early Childhood Development
by Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development (Author), Youth, and Families Board on Children (Author), National Research Council (Author), Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development (Author), Jack P. Shonkoff (Editor), Deborah A. Phillips (Editor)

From Neuron to Brain (5th Ed)
by John G. Nicholls (Author), A. Robert Martin (Author), David A. Brown (Author), Mathew E. Diamond (Author), David A. Weisblat (Author), Paul A. Fuchs (Author)

From Neuron to Cognition via Computational Neuroscience (Computational Neuroscience Series)
by Michael A. Arbib (Editor), Michael A. Arbib (Editor), James J. Bonaiuto (Editor), James J. Bonaiuto (Editor), Terrence J. Sejnowski (Editor), Tomaso A. Poggio (Editor), Tomaso A. Poggio (Editor), Nicolas Brunel (Editor), John Rinzel (Editor), Jonathan Rubin (Editor), Nathan Vierling-Claassen (Editor), Stephanie Jones (Editor), Wulfram Gerstner (Editor), Jean-Marc Fellous (Editor), Carmen Canavier (Editor), Michael E. Hasselmo (Editor), Auke Jan Ijspeert (Editor), Andrej Bicanski (Editor), Jeremie Knuesel (Editor), Jean-Marie Cabelguen (Editor), Nicolas Schweighofer (Editor), Nathaniel D. Daw (Editor), Stefano Fusi (Editor), Xiao-Jing Wang (Editor), Alan L. Yuille (Editor), Daniel Kersten (Editor), James Bednar (Editor), Christopher Williams (Editor), Richard P. Cooper (Editor), Jacqueline A. Griego (Editor), Carlos R. Cortes (Editor), Ransom Winder (Editor), Malle A Tagamets (Editor), Tony J. Prescott (Editor), Joseph Ayers (Editor), Frank Grasso (Editor), Paul F.M.J. Verschure (Editor), Owen Lewis (Editor), Edmund T Rolls (Editor), Ziad M. Hafed (Editor), John Porrill (Editor), Paul Dean (Editor), Peter Ford Dominey (Editor), Pierre Enel (Editor), Mohamed A Sherif (Editor), William Lytton (Editor), Angelo Cangelosi (Editor)

I of the Vortex: From Neurons to Self
by Rodolfo R. Llinas (Author)

From Photon to Neuron: Light, Imaging, Vision
by Philip Nelson (Author)

The Neuron: Cell and Molecular Biology
by Irwin B. Levitan (Author), Leonard K. Kaczmarek (Author)

Mirror Neurons Will Save Your Life: How To Stop Being Controlled By Other People

Brain-Mind: From Neurons to Consciousness and Creativity (Treatise on Mind and Society)
by Oxford University Press

Did My Neurons Make Me Do It?: Philosophical and Neurobiological Perspectives on Moral Responsibility and Free Will
by Nancey Murphy (Author), Warren S. Brown (Author)

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