New medication to treat shock caused by blood or fluid loss found safe and effective

November 09, 2020

Embargoed until 4 a.m. CT/ 5 a.m. ET, Monday, Nov. 9, 2020

DALLAS, Nov. 9, 2020 -- Centhaquine, a new medication to treat patients who have severe blood or fluid loss, significantly improved outcomes and reduced death rate when added to standard of care, compared to standard care alone, according to preliminary research to be presented at the American Heart Association's Resuscitation Science Symposium 2020. The virtual meeting is November 14-16 and will feature the most recent advances related to treating cardiopulmonary arrest and life-threatening traumatic injury.

Severe loss of blood or fluids due to trauma, hemorrhage, gastrointestinal bleeding, excessive blood loss after surgery, diarrhea or vomiting can cause hypovolemic shock. About 60,000 people in the U.S. and 1.9 million people worldwide die each year due to hemorrhagic shock, with a large percentage of patients dying from blood loss within the first six hours.

"The primary goal when treating traumatic hemorrhage is to control blood loss and maintain cardiovascular function to prevent multi-organ failure and death," said Anil Gulati, M.D., Ph.D., lead author of the study and chairman and chief executive officer at Pharmazz, Inc., the company that produces centhaquine. "Despite advances in medical science, treatment for hypovolemic shock has changed little in the past 50 years, and there is an urgent need for an effective resuscitative agent for this serious and life-threatening condition. We investigated the safety and efficacy of centhaquine compared to standard care for the treatment of hypovolemic shock."

Centhaquine is a first-in-class resuscitative agent for treatment of hypovolemic shock with a unique mechanism of action. It increases pooled venous blood returning to the heart and redistributes that blood to vital organs, a critical process to preserve organ function and reduce mortality in patients with shock.

This multi-center, randomized, placebo-controlled phase III clinical study included 105 patients in India receiving standard of care for hypovolemic shock in a hospital or intensive care setting. Patients were randomized to receive either 1) standard of care and intravenous centhaquine, or 2) standard of care plus saline (control group).

Researchers found several markers of improvement in the group receiving centhaquine compared to those who received standard treatment alone:Gulati added that the centhaquine group had improved acute respiratory distress syndrome and multiple organ dysfunction scores compared with the control group.

"Time is of the essence for hypovolemic shock patients, and these results suggest faster recovery towards normalization of blood pressure with centhaquine," Gulati said. "Centhaquine added to standard shock treatment also showed compelling mortality improvement over standard shock treatment, with a 9% absolute reduction in mortality compared to the control group."

Centhaquine is currently available to health care professionals in India and is advancing towards late stage clinical trials in the United States.
-end-
Co-authors are Rajat Choudhuri, M.D.; Ajay Gupta, M.D.; Saurabh Singh, M.D.; S. K. Noushad Ali, M.D.; Gursaran Kaur Sidhu, M.D.; Parvez David Haque, M.D.; Prashant Rahate, M.D.; Aditya R. Bothra, M.D.; G.P. Singh, M.D.; Sanjeev Maheshwari, M.D.; Deepak Jeswani, M.D.; Sameer Haveri, M.D.; Apurva Agarwal, M.D. and Nilesh Radheshyam Agrawal, M.D. Author disclosures are in the abstract.

This study was funded by Pharmazz, Inc.

Presentation: AOS.02c Lightning Round Oral Abstract Presentations: Pharmacologic Interventions During Cardiac Arrest

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For more news at AHA Resuscitation Science Symposium 2020, follow us on Twitter @HeartNews #ReSS20 Statements and conclusions of studies that are presented at the American Heart Association's scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect the Association's policy or position. The Association makes no representation or guarantee as to their accuracy or reliability. The Association receives funding primarily from individuals; foundations and corporations (including pharmaceutical, device manufacturers and other companies) also make donations and fund specific Association programs and events. The Association has strict policies to prevent these relationships from influencing the science content. Revenues from pharmaceutical and biotech companies, device manufacturers and health insurance providers are available here, and the Association's overall financial information is available here.

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