Results of the PARTNER Trial Cohort B 2-year follow up presented at TCT 2011

November 10, 2011

SAN FRANCISCO, CA - NOVEMBER 10, 2011 - A two-year study of patients in the landmark PARTNER trial, which compared transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients who have severe aortic stenosis and are not candidates for open heart surgery, confirm the one-year findings and support the role of TAVR as the standard of care.

Trial results were presented today at the 23rd annual Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) scientific symposium, sponsored by the Cardiovascular Research Foundation.

Cohort B of the PARTNER trial - those patients with severe aortic stenosis who were not candidates for surgery - randomized 358 patients to transfemoral TAVR with an early generation balloon-expandable bovine pericardial valve or standard therapy (ST, including balloon valvuloplasty) at 21 centers, emphasizing a multi-disciplinary heart team approach.

The primary end point was death from any cause at one year and secondary endpoints included symptom status, serial echo assessments (core lab) and early/late adverse events (e.g. strokes).

After two years, the rate of all cause mortality was 18.2% in the TAVR group and 35.1% in the standard therapy group. The rate of cardiovascular mortality was 13.2% in the TAVR group and 32.1% in the standard therapy group.

The rate of repeat hospitalization was 35.0% in the TAVR group and 72.5% in the standard therapy group.

The rate of stroke at two years was higher - 13.8% in the TAVR group and 5.5% in the standard therapy group.

"At two years, in patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis who are not suitable candidates for surgery, TAVR remained superior to standard therapy with incremental benefit from one to two years markedly reducing the rates of all cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality and repeat hospitalization," said Raj R. Makkar, MD, the principal site investigator for the PARTNER trial. Dr. Makkar is Director of Interventional Cardiology and the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and Associate Director of the Cedars- Sinai Heart Institute

"There were more neurologic events in TAVR patients compared to standard therapy (16.2% vs. 5.5%; p = 0.003) with five new events (three strokes and two TIAs) between 1-2 years in TAVR patients. After 30 days, differences in stroke frequency were largely due to increased hemorrhagic strokes in TAVR patients." Dr. Makkar said.

"Two year data continues to support the role of TAVR as the standard-of-care for symptomatic patients with aortic stenosis who are not surgical candidates," said Dr. Makkar.

"The ultimate value of TAVR in 'inoperable' patients will depend on careful selection of patients who are not surgical candidates, and yet do not have extreme co-morbidities that overwhelm the benefits of TAVR."
-end-
The PARTNER trial was funded by Edwards Lifesciences, Inc. Dr. Makkar reported consulting fees, grant support and lecture fees from Medtronic, equity from Entourage Medical Technologies and grant support from St Jude Medical.

About CRF and TCT

The Cardiovascular Research Foundation (CRF) is an independent, academically focused nonprofit organization dedicated to improving the survival and quality of life for people with cardiovascular disease through research and education. Since its inception in 1991, CRF has played a major role in realizing dramatic improvements in the lives of countless numbers of patients by establishing the safe use of new technologies, drugs and therapies in interventional cardiovascular medicine.

Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) is the annual scientific symposium of the Cardiovascular Research Foundation. TCT gathers leading medical researchers and clinicians from around the world to present and discuss the latest developments in the field.

For more information, visit www.crf.org.

Cardiovascular Research Foundation

Related Mortality Articles from Brightsurf:

Being in treatment with statins reduces COVID-19 mortality by 22% to 25%
A research by the Universitat Rovira i Virgili (URV) and Pere Virgili Institut (IISPV) led by LluĂ­s Masana has found that people who are being treated with statins have a 22% to 25% lower risk of dying from COVID-19.

Mortality rate higher for US rural residents
A recent study by Syracuse University sociology professor Shannon Monnat shows that mortality rates are higher for U.S. working-age residents who live in rural areas instead of metro areas, and the gap is getting wider.

COVID-19, excess all-cause mortality in US, 18 comparison countries
COVID-19 deaths and excess all-cause mortality in the U.S. are compared with 18 countries with diverse COVID-19 responses in this study.

New analysis shows hydroxychloroquine does not lower mortality in COVID-19 patients, and is associated with increased mortality when combined with the antibiotic azithromycin
A new meta-analysis of published studies into the drug hydroxychloroquine shows that it does not lower mortality in COVID-19 patients, and using it combined with the antibiotic azithromycin is associated with a 27% increased mortality.

Hydroxychloroquine reduces in-hospital COVID-19 mortality
An Italian observational study contributes to the ongoing debate regarding the use of hydroxychloroquine in the current pandemic.

What's the best way to estimate and track COVID-19 mortality?
When used correctly, the symptomatic case fatality ratio (sCFR) and the infection fatality ratio (IFR) are better measures by which to monitor COVID-19 epidemics than the commonly reported case fatality ratio (CFR), according to a new study published this week in PLOS Medicine by Anthony Hauser of the University of Bern, Switzerland, and colleagues.

COVID-19: Bacteriophage could decrease mortality
Bacteriophage can reduce bacterial growth in the lungs, limiting fluid build-up.

COPD and smoking associated with higher COVID-19 mortality
Current smokers and people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have an increased risk of severe complications and higher mortality with COVID-19 infection, according to a new study published May 11, 2020 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Jaber Alqahtani of University College London, UK, and colleagues.

Highest mortality risks for poor and unemployed
Large dataset shows that income, work status and education have a clear influence on mortality in Germany.

Addressing causes of mortality in Zambia
Despite the fact that people in sub-Saharan Africa are now living longer than they did two decades ago, their average life expectancy remains below that of the rest of the world population.

Read More: Mortality News and Mortality Current Events
Brightsurf.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.