Nav: Home

Regenstrief, IU study: Seniors with dementia make more emergency department visits

November 12, 2015

INDIANAPOLIS -- Older adults with dementia are more frequent visitors to emergency departments, returning at higher rates and incurring greater costs than older adults without dementia, according to a new study from the Regenstrief Institute and the Indiana University Center for Aging Research. The study is one of the first to explore long-term patterns of healthcare use and mortality rates of elders with cognitive impairment who visit the emergency department.

Older adults with dementia are also more likely to be admitted to the hospital (not a trivial event for this age group) and have a higher death rate following an emergency department visit than those without dementia, according to the study of 32,697 individuals aged 65 and older with and without dementia who sought emergency care over an 11-year period at Eskenazi Health, a large, urban, safety-net healthcare system.

Between one-third and half of older adults with dementia made an emergency department visit in any given year. Five years after their first emergency department visit, only 46 percent of those with dementia were alive while 76 percent of older adults without dementia who visited an emergency department had survived.

"As people live longer we will increasingly be faced with a growing number of individuals with cognitive impairment. We now know that survival rates after an ED visit differ significantly by cognitive status," said IU Center for Aging Research and Regenstrief Institute investigator Michael LaMantia, M.D., M.P.H., assistant professor of medicine at IU School of Medicine. "We need to continue to learn how to provide better care to these vulnerable individuals in fast-paced emergency departments and after their visits to the ED.

"Our findings, which were controlled for age, race, gender and health conditions in addition to degree of cognitive impairment, fill in gaps in knowledge about trajectories of care for older adults with dementia and provide an evidence-based starting point for future investigations that we should not defer."

Dr. LaMantia and colleagues write that they were intrigued to find that 53 percent of patients with dementia visiting the emergency department were discharged rather than being admitted to the hospital, raising the issue of how medically necessary the emergency department visit was and whether these patients might have received care in a lower cost setting. Or, they posit, it is possible that decisions to discharge were flawed, due to missed medical complications, incomplete assessments of the safety of the patient's home environment or other factors.

"Emergency departments are appropriately focused on recognizing and stabilizing acute life-threatening conditions and should not be, but are often used as, a substitute for ongoing comprehensive primary care especially for those, like patients with dementia, whose evaluations and management require more intensive, time-consuming, and multidisciplinary resources," said study co-author Frank Messina, M.D., associate professor of clinical emergency medicine and of clinical medicine at the IU School of Medicine.
-end-
The study "Emergency Department Use Among Older Adults with Dementia" has been published online in advance of print publication in Alzheimer Disease & Associated Disorders. Authors, in addition to Dr. LaMantia and Dr. Messina, are Timothy E. Stump, M.A., and Douglas K. Miller, M.D., of the Regenstrief Institute and Christopher M. Callahan, M.D., of the IU Center for Aging Research, Regenstrief Institute and IU School of Medicine.

This work was supported by National Institute on Aging grants (5P30AG024967, 1K23AG043498 and 5K24AG024078).

Indiana University

Related Dementia Articles:

Latest issue of Alzheimer's & Dementia
Predicting heart disease might also be a warning sign for Alzheimer's; A new way to think about the environment and Alzheimer's research; Most dementia patients don't receive care from physicians who specialize in brain health.
What multilingual nuns can tell us about dementia
A strong ability in languages may help reduce the risk of developing dementia, says a new University of Waterloo study.
Brain changes may help track dementia, even before diagnosis
Even before a dementia diagnosis, people with mild cognitive impairment may have different changes in the brain depending on what type of dementia they have, according to a study published in the September 11, 2019, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
Could marriage stave off dementia?
Dementia and marital status could be linked, according to a new Michigan State University study that found married people are less likely to experience dementia as they age.
Migraine diagnoses positively associated with all-cause dementia
Several studies have recently focused on the association between migraine headaches and other headaches and dementia and found a positive migraine-dementia relationship.
More Dementia News and Dementia Current Events

Best Science Podcasts 2019

We have hand picked the best science podcasts for 2019. Sit back and enjoy new science podcasts updated daily from your favorite science news services and scientists.
Now Playing: TED Radio Hour

Rethinking Anger
Anger is universal and complex: it can be quiet, festering, justified, vengeful, and destructive. This hour, TED speakers explore the many sides of anger, why we need it, and who's allowed to feel it. Guests include psychologists Ryan Martin and Russell Kolts, writer Soraya Chemaly, former talk radio host Lisa Fritsch, and business professor Dan Moshavi.
Now Playing: Science for the People

#537 Science Journalism, Hold the Hype
Everyone's seen a piece of science getting over-exaggerated in the media. Most people would be quick to blame journalists and big media for getting in wrong. In many cases, you'd be right. But there's other sources of hype in science journalism. and one of them can be found in the humble, and little-known press release. We're talking with Chris Chambers about doing science about science journalism, and where the hype creeps in. Related links: The association between exaggeration in health related science news and academic press releases: retrospective observational study Claims of causality in health news: a randomised trial This...