Sugary beverage consumption in US declining but remains high among certain groupsNovember 14, 2017
Boston, MA - Consumption of sodas and other sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) fell for both children and adults between 2003 and 2014, according to a new study led by researchers from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. But despite this positive trend, the researchers found, consumption remains high among adolescents and young adults, and is particularly high among black, Mexican American, and non-Mexican Hispanic populations.
"SSBs are a leading source of added sugar to the diet for adults and children in the U.S. and their consumption is strongly linked to obesity," said first author Sara Bleich, professor of public health policy. "Understanding which groups are most likely to consume SSBs is critical for the development of effective approaches to reduce SSB consumption."
The study will be published online November 14, 2017 in Obesity. It is the first paper to present the most recent national data on beverage consumption from the Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), which is the gold standard for understanding consumption trends and patterns at a national level.
Bleich and her colleagues examined data collected from 18,600 children aged 2 to 19, and 27,652 adults aged 20 or older, in the NHANES 2003-2014. Participants were asked about their consumption of seven different beverage types in the previous 24 hours: SSBs, 100% juice, diet beverages, milk (including flavored milk), unsweetened coffee or tea, alcohol, and water.
The researchers found that overall beverage and SSB consumption declined for children and adults between 2003 and 2014. In 2013-2014, 60.7% of children and 50.0% of adults reported drinking SSBs on a given day; in 2003-2004, 79.7% of children and 61.5% of adults reported drinking SSBs. However, adolescents and young adults still consumed more than the recommended limit for added sugar set by the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
While white adults experienced declines in SSB consumption across almost all age groups, there were few other significant changes for other racial and ethnic groups. SSB consumption remained highest among black, Mexican American, and non-Mexican Hispanic adolescents--groups at higher risk for obesity and type 2 diabetes.
Higher consumption of milk (compared to SSBs) among younger children and an increasing percentage of water drinkers among children and adults were two notable positive trends.
The increase in water consumption was a positive surprise, Bleich said. "This suggests that messages about drinking non-calorie beverages are having an effect."
"Trends in Beverage Consumption among Children and Adults, 2003-2014," Sara N. Bleich, Kelsey A. Vercammen, Jonathan Wyatt Koma, and Zhonghe Li, Obesity, online November 14, 2017, doi: 10.1002/oby.22056
Visit the Harvard Chan School website for the latest news, press releases, and multimedia offerings.
Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health brings together dedicated experts from many disciplines to educate new generations of global health leaders and produce powerful ideas that improve the lives and health of people everywhere. As a community of leading scientists, educators, and students, we work together to take innovative ideas from the laboratory to people's lives--not only making scientific breakthroughs, but also working to change individual behaviors, public policies, and health care practices. Each year, more than 400 faculty members at Harvard Chan School teach 1,000-plus full-time students from around the world and train thousands more through online and executive education courses. Founded in 1913 as the Harvard-MIT School of Health Officers, the School is recognized as America's oldest professional training program in public health.
Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health
Related Obesity Articles:
Doctors have a specific definition of what it means to be overweight or obese, but in the social world, gender, race and generation matter a lot for whether people are judged as 'thin enough' or 'too fat.'
Social and economic factors have led to a dramatic rise in type 2 diabetes and obesity around the world.
Three out of four (75 percent) people in the UK are unaware of the link between obesity and cancer, according to a new Cancer Research UK report published today.
Obesity is on the rise in Indonesia, one of the largest studies of the double burden of malnutrition in children has revealed.
A clear and significant increase in obesity continued from 1999 through 2014, according to an analysis of data on United States children and adolescents age 2 to 19 years.
Researchers will be examining how agricultural and food processing practices may affect brown fat activity directly or indirectly.
The growing obesity epidemic, which is predicted to affect more than half of all European citizens by 2030, will be the focus of European Obesity Day to be held on May 21.
Researchers developed a new laboratory method that allowed them to identify GABA as a key player in the complex brain processes that control appetite and metabolism.
Obesity can sometimes be shut down.
This FASEB Conference focuses on the interactions between obesity and immune cells, focusing in particular on how inflammation in various organs influences obesity and obesity-related complications.
Related Obesity Reading:
The Obesity Code: Unlocking the Secrets of Weight Loss
by Dr. Jason Fung (Author), Timothy Noakes (Foreword)
Fung zeroes in on why insulin resistance has become so prevalent and offers specific outside-the-box solutions that have emerged as the key to maximizing health."
—Jimmy Moore, author, Keto Clarity and Cholesterol Clarity
Everything you believe about how to lose weight is wrong. Weight gain and obesity are driven by hormones—in everyone—and only by understanding the effects of insulin and insulin resistance can we achieve lasting weight loss.
In this highly readable and provocative book, Dr. Jason Fung sets out an original, robust theory of obesity... View Details
Obesity: Evaluation and Treatment Essentials, Second Edition
by G. Michael Steelman (Editor), Eric C. Westman (Editor)
Obesity is considered a complex and multifactorial disease. Its treatment, therefore, must also be multimodal and tailored to meet the needs of each patient. Obesity: Evaluation and Treatment Essentials presents a wide spectrum of practical treatment protocols for obesity including exercise, pharmacology, behavior modification, and dietary factors, from the point of view of the practicing physician.
The book includes information about the new pharmacotherapy available for the treatment of obesity. It also includes a chapter on medical treatment of pediatric obesity that... View Details
THE OBESITY: Multiple Choice Questions Learn and Prepare
by Muhammad Asad MD Amjad Ali MD Jawaid Kalim MD Tawsufe Majid MD Saima Ashraf MD (Author), Shadab Kalim (Editor), Irtaza Asar (Editor), Hannan Chaudery (Editor), Tahreem Asad (Editor), Fatima Chawdhery (Editor), Anshaal Chawdhery (Editor), Zakariya D Ali (Editor), Noah A Ali (Editor), Asif Shakoor (Editor)
"The Obesity" is a short and concise book which gives an opportunity to the readers to practice multiple choice questions on the subject of obesity. Its simple format makes the content easy to understand. Short critique and citations follow most questions. Finishing this book is possible in few sittings. An attempt is made to cover most important and relevant subjects. Health Care providers preparing for obesity examinations would find it useful. This book can also provide valuable information to the practicing healthcare professionals who deal with the problem of obesity. View Details
The Obesity Epidemic: What caused it? How can we stop it?
by Zoe harcombe (Author)
"The Obesity Epidemic: What caused it? How can we stop it?" does what it says in the title - it answers those two critical questions. It takes you on the journey that the author, Zoe Harcombe went on to answer those questions and hopefully it will shock you as much as it shocked her. The starting point must be - when did The Obesity Epidemic start? The graphs and tables show a stunning increase in obesity levels at the turn of the 1980's and obesity literally takes off, like an aeroplane trajectory, from that point onwards. Obesity in the UK, as an example, increases almost 10 fold between... View Details
The Obesity Epidemic: Why Diets and Exercise Don't Work―and What Does
by Robyn Toomath (Author)
In a world where charlatans promise to fix the alarming obesity epidemic with a silver-bullet diet or trendy new exercise program, Robyn Toomath, a physician and realist, steps out of the fray to deliver some tough news: it’s really hard to lose weight. Dispelling common myths and telling provocative truths about weight gain―and loss―The Obesity Epidemic is an engaging investigation into the complicated factors that lead to obesity.
While genes certainly play a part, Toomath argues, more people are fat than ever before because most of us consume significantly more... View Details
Practical Manual of Clinical Obesity
by Robert Kushner (Author), Victor Lawrence (Author), Sudhesh Kumar (Author)
This accessible guide to obesity and its clinical management provides clear, didactic, clinically focused guidance for all healthcare professionals involved in the treatment and management of patients with obesity, thus acting as a repository of essential practical knowledge. It is an ideal practical guide for registrars and residents in endocrinology and metabolic disease, as well as all other health professionals who regularly manage obese patients, such as specialist obesity and diabetes nurses, dietitians, and general practitioners with an interest in obesity management. View Details
Fat Politics: The Real Story behind America's Obesity Epidemic
by J. Eric Oliver (Author)
It seems almost daily we read newspaper articles and watch news reports exposing the growing epidemic of obesity in America. Our government tells us we are experiencing a major health crisis, with sixty percent of Americans classified as overweight, and one in four as obese. But how valid are these claims? In Fat Politics, J. Eric Oliver shows how a handful of doctors, government bureaucrats, and health researchers, with financial backing from the drug and weight-loss industries, have campaigned to create standards that mislead the public. They mislabel more than sixty million... View Details
The Weight of Obesity: Hunger and Global Health in Postwar Guatemala (California Studies in Food and Culture)
by Emily Yates-Doerr (Author)
A woman with hypertension refuses vegetables. A man with diabetes adds iron-fortified sugar to his coffee. As death rates from heart attacks, strokes, and diabetes in Latin America escalate, global health interventions increasingly emphasize nutrition, exercise, and weight loss—but much goes awry as ideas move from policy boardrooms and clinics into everyday life. Based on years of intensive fieldwork, The Weight of Obesity offers poignant stories of how obesity is lived and experienced by Guatemalans who have recently found their diets—and their bodies—radically transformed.... View Details
Obesity: Cultural and Biocultural Perspectives (Studies in Medical Anthropology)
by Alexandra A. Brewis (Author)
In a world now filled with more people who are overweight than underweight, public health and medical perspectives paint obesity as a catastrophic epidemic that threatens to overwhelm health systems and undermine life expectancies globally. In many societies, being obese also creates profound personal suffering because it is so culturally stigmatized. Yet despite loud messages about the health and social costs of being obese, weight gain is a seemingly universal aspect of the modern human condition.
Grounded in a holistic anthropological approach and using a range of ethnographic and... View Details
The Obesity Paradox: When Thinner Means Sicker and Heavier Means Healthier
by Carl J. Lavie M.D. (Author), Kristin Loberg (Contributor)
Robert Lustig changed the national conversation about fat. Now, a pioneer in “obesity paradox” research delivers a message that everyone who struggles to shed socalled excess weight will want to hear. After research uncovered that overweight and even moderately obese people with certain chronic diseases often live longer and fare better than their normal weight counterparts, Carl Lavie, MD, realized that being moderately fit is more important for good health than having a low body mass index. Sharing the science behind these recent findings, The Obesity Paradox
shows readers how... View Details