Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, November 21, 2000

November 20, 2000

November 21, 2000, Tip Sheet

Annals of Internal Medicine is published by the American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine (ACP-ASIM), an organization of more than 115,000 internal medicine physicians and medical students. The following highlights are not intended to substitute for articles as sources of information. For an embargoed fax of an article, call 1-800-523-1546, ext. 2656 or 215-351-2656. Full content of the issue is available on the Internet at http://www.annals.org on November 21, 2000.
* * *

Poor Hospital Ventilation Linked to Workers Acquiring Tuberculosis

Health care personnel working in poorly ventilated general (not isolation) hospital rooms were at risk for sero-conversion (testing positive) for tuberculosis, a study found (Article, p. 779). These rooms had less than two air exchanges per hour. Other risk factors included the type and duration of work. Working in an isolation room did not increase the risk of sero-conversion. The workers did not develop active tuberculosis, but sero-conversion increases the likelihood of developing the disease. The researchers suggest that the study has implications for several aspects of hospital care: ventilation in general patient rooms should have at least two air exchanges per hour; all health care workers should routinely be tested for TB, and patients diagnosed with TB should immediately be placed in isolation rooms.
* * *

Office Videotape Greatly Increased Colon Cancer Screening

A program consisting of an educational videotape and brochure for patients on colon cancer screening, and a marker in the patient chart increased the rate of colon cancer screening when compared to a control program, a study found (Article, p. 761). Patients who saw the video were much more likely to ask for a colon cancer screening test and to complete the test than were a matched group of patients who saw a video on car safety. Colon cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in the U.S.; appropriate screening can lead to treatment that prevents the cancer or cures early-stage cancers, yet only one-third of adult Americans have any colon cancer screening test.
* * *

Few Internal Medicine Subspecialty Programs Provide Adequate Training for Careers in Clinical Research (Academia and Clinic, p. 800.)
-end-


American College of Physicians

Related Cancer Articles from Brightsurf:

New blood cancer treatment works by selectively interfering with cancer cell signalling
University of Alberta scientists have identified the mechanism of action behind a new type of precision cancer drug for blood cancers that is set for human trials, according to research published in Nature Communications.

UCI researchers uncover cancer cell vulnerabilities; may lead to better cancer therapies
A new University of California, Irvine-led study reveals a protein responsible for genetic changes resulting in a variety of cancers, may also be the key to more effective, targeted cancer therapy.

Breast cancer treatment costs highest among young women with metastic cancer
In a fight for their lives, young women, age 18-44, spend double the amount of older women to survive metastatic breast cancer, according to a large statewide study by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Cancer mortality continues steady decline, driven by progress against lung cancer
The cancer death rate declined by 29% from 1991 to 2017, including a 2.2% drop from 2016 to 2017, the largest single-year drop in cancer mortality ever reported.

Stress in cervical cancer patients associated with higher risk of cancer-specific mortality
Psychological stress was associated with a higher risk of cancer-specific mortality in women diagnosed with cervical cancer.

Cancer-sniffing dogs 97% accurate in identifying lung cancer, according to study in JAOA
The next step will be to further fractionate the samples based on chemical and physical properties, presenting them back to the dogs until the specific biomarkers for each cancer are identified.

Moffitt Cancer Center researchers identify one way T cell function may fail in cancer
Moffitt Cancer Center researchers have discovered a mechanism by which one type of immune cell, CD8+ T cells, can become dysfunctional, impeding its ability to seek and kill cancer cells.

More cancer survivors, fewer cancer specialists point to challenge in meeting care needs
An aging population, a growing number of cancer survivors, and a projected shortage of cancer care providers will result in a challenge in delivering the care for cancer survivors in the United States if systemic changes are not made.

New cancer vaccine platform a potential tool for efficacious targeted cancer therapy
Researchers at the University of Helsinki have discovered a solution in the form of a cancer vaccine platform for improving the efficacy of oncolytic viruses used in cancer treatment.

American Cancer Society outlines blueprint for cancer control in the 21st century
The American Cancer Society is outlining its vision for cancer control in the decades ahead in a series of articles that forms the basis of a national cancer control plan.

Read More: Cancer News and Cancer Current Events
Brightsurf.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.