Nav: Home

Development of graphene microwave photodetector

November 24, 2016

DGIST announced that a senior researcher Jung Min-kyung at Division of Nano and Energy Convergence Research has developed cryogenic microwave photodetector which is able to detect 100,000 times smaller light energy compared to the existing photedetectors.

The senior researcher Jung Min-kyung and a team at the Department of Physics of University of Bazel in Switzerland conducted a joint research and realized microwave photodetection in a fully suspended and clean graphene p-n junction.

This study is worth spotlighting as graphene, the single layer carbon based material, has shown a great number of electrical, mechanical, and thermal properties. With its innumerable application potential, gaphene is called dream material and researches are underway not only in basic sciences but also in application science area such as flexible display, wearable devices, next-generation solar energy, etc.

Graphene has attracted attention as a next-generation photonic device such as a photodetector because its gapless band structure allows electron-hole pairs to be generated over a broad energy spectrum, unlike general semiconductors.

So far, graphene photodetectors have only been demonstrated for optical wavelengths, from near-inflared to ultraviolet. However, Photodetection in the microwave range has not yet been studied as it was impossible to measure the microwave on the detector because it has much smaller energy than the surface potential difference caused by the surrounding environment as well as the residues on the surface of graphene created in the device process.

To increase the light energy absorption rate of microwave region, the senior researcher Jeong Min-kyung separated the graphene p-n junction device from the substrate, made bridge forms as if they are bridges floating in the air and created a clean electronic system in which the electrons can move far distance without residues or dispersion.

Through the process, the team confirmed that sufficient electron-hole pairs are generated in the microwave region by shifting the Dirac point of graphene close to Fermi energy. They succeeded in realizing the graphene photodetector in the microwave region by measuring the flow of the photocurrent due to the temperature difference between both electrodes as the temperature of the p-n junction increases due to the electron-hole pairs generated in the graphene p-n junction.

The graphene microwave photodetector developed in this study is superior in sensitivity compared to the existing graphene photodetectors and is expected to improve the performance of various optical sensors used in high resolution smart phones, high efficiency solar cells, etc.

DGIST's senior researcher Jeong Min-kyung at Division of Nano-Energy Convergence Research said, "The significance of this study is that we have developed the world's first microwave photodetector using graphene device. We will carry out further research to improve the performance of wearable devices and flexible displays by developing new application device such as a large-area microwave photodetector using a single device based graphene."

The research findings were published on November 9, 2016 in Nano Letters, the international academic journal of published by the American Chemical Society (ACS).

DGIST (Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology)

Related Graphene Articles:

New chemical method could revolutionize graphene
University of Illinois at Chicago scientists have discovered a new chemical method that enables graphene to be incorporated into a wide range of applications while maintaining its ultra-fast electronics.
Searching beyond graphene for new wonder materials
Graphene, the two-dimensional, ultra lightweight and super-strong carbon film, has been hailed as a wonder material since its discovery in 2004.
New method of characterizing graphene
Scientists have developed a new method of characterizing graphene's properties without applying disruptive electrical contacts, allowing them to investigate both the resistance and quantum capacitance of graphene and other two-dimensional materials.
Chemically tailored graphene
Graphene is considered as one of the most promising new materials.
Beyond graphene: Advances make reduced graphene oxide electronics feasible
Researchers have developed a technique for converting positively charged (p-type) reduced graphene oxide (rGO) into negatively charged (n-type) rGO, creating a layered material that can be used to develop rGO-based transistors for use in electronic devices.
The Graphene 2017 Conference connects Barcelona with the international graphene-based industry
This prestigious Conference to be held at the Barcelona International Convention Centre (March 28-31) aims to bring together academia and industry to integrate new graphene technologies into practical applications.
Graphene from soybeans
A breakthrough by CSIRO-led scientists has made the world's strongest material more commercially viable, thanks to the humble soybean.
First use of graphene to detect cancer cells
By interfacing brain cells onto graphene, researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have shown they can differentiate a single hyperactive cancerous cell from a normal cell, pointing the way to developing a simple, noninvasive tool for early cancer diagnosis.
Development of graphene microwave photodetector
DGIST developed cryogenic microwave photodetector which is able to detect 100,000 times smaller light energy compared to the existing photedetectors.
Adding hydrogen to graphene
IBS researchers report a fundamental study of how graphene is hydrogenated.

Related Graphene Reading:

Graphene: The Superstrong, Superthin, and Superversatile Material That Will Revolutionize the World
by Les Johnson (Author), Joseph E. Meany (Author)

The Graphene Handbook (2018 edition)
by Ron Mertens (Author)

The Chemistry Book: From Gunpowder to Graphene, 250 Milestones in the History of Chemistry (Sterling Milestones)
by Derek B Lowe (Author)

The Graphene Revolution: The weird science of the ultra-thin (Hot Science)
by Icon Books Ltd

Graphene: An Introduction to the Fundamentals and Industrial Applications (Advanced Material Series)
by Madhuri Sharon (Editor), Maheshwar Sharon (Editor), Ashutosh Tiwari (Editor), Hisanori Shinohara (Editor)

Graphene: Fabrication, Characterizations, Properties and Applications
by Hongwei Zhu (Editor)

Graphene: Fundamentals, Devices, and Applications
by Serhii Shafraniuk (Author)

Graphene: A New Paradigm in Condensed Matter and Device Physics
by E. L. Wolf (Author)

Graphene: Energy Storage and Conversion Applications (Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion)
by Zhaoping Liu (Author), Xufeng Zhou (Author)

Graphene: Fundamentals and emergent applications
by Jamie H. Warner (Author), Franziska Schaffel (Author), Mark Rummeli (Author), Alicja Bachmatiuk (Author)

Best Science Podcasts 2018

We have hand picked the best science podcasts for 2018. Sit back and enjoy new science podcasts updated daily from your favorite science news services and scientists.
Now Playing: TED Radio Hour

We're told if the economy is growing, and if we keep producing, that's a good thing. But at what cost? This hour, TED speakers explore circular systems that regenerate and re-use what we already have. Guests include economist Kate Raworth, environmental activist Tristram Stuart, landscape architect Kate Orff, entrepreneur David Katz, and graphic designer Jessi Arrington.
Now Playing: Science for the People

#504 The Art of Logic
How can mathematics help us have better arguments? This week we spend the hour with "The Art of Logic in an Illogical World" author, mathematician Eugenia Cheng, as she makes her case that the logic of mathematics can combine with emotional resonance to allow us to have better debates and arguments. Along the way we learn a lot about rigorous logic using arguments you're probably having every day, while also learning a lot about our own underlying beliefs and assumptions.